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# Having the crack Phoenician fleet being decimated by the

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Having the crack Phoenician fleet being decimated by the [#permalink]

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11 Jun 2012, 21:45
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Having the crack Phoenician fleet being decimated by the much smaller Greek fleet in the straits of Salamis, the Persian king Xerxes, whose initial arrogance quickly changed to horror, fled back to Asia and left his remaining troops under the generalship of his brother-in-law, Mardonius.

A.Having the crack Phoenician fleet being decimated by the much smaller Greek fleet in the straits of Salamis
B.In view of his crack Phoenician fleet had been decimated by the much smaller Greek fleet in the straits of Salamis
C.Because of there having been a much smaller Greek fleet in the straits of Salamis that decimated his crack Phoenician fleet
D.Seeing as the crack Phoenician fleet having been decimated by the much smaller Greek fleet in the straits of Salamis
E.His crack Phoenician fleet decimated by the much smaller Greek fleet in the straits of Salamis
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: [u]Having the crack Phoenician fleet being decimated by the [#permalink]

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11 Jun 2012, 23:10
E is correct as that's the only one with proper usage and making any sense. Explanation of errors for A to D is best left to the experts, I think.
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Re: [u]Having the crack Phoenician fleet being decimated by the [#permalink]

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12 Jun 2012, 02:34
I went for Option "B" but OA is E. For detailed explanation may visit below link:

http://www.manhattangmat.com/forums/hav ... 11713.html
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Re: Having the crack Phoenician fleet being decimated by the [#permalink]

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14 Mar 2014, 11:15
Having the crack Phoenician fleet being decimated by the much smaller Greek fleet in the straits of Salamis, the Persian king Xerxes, whose initial arrogance quickly changed to horror, fled back to Asia and left his remaining troops under the generalship of his brother-in-law, Mardonius.

A.Having the crack Phoenician fleet being decimated by the much smaller Greek fleet in the straits of Salamis
B.In view of his crack Phoenician fleet had been decimated by the much smaller Greek fleet in the straits of Salamis
C.Because of there having been a much smaller Greek fleet in the straits of Salamis that decimated his crack Phoenician fleet
D.Seeing as the crack Phoenician fleet having been decimated by the much smaller Greek fleet in the straits of Salamis
E.His crack Phoenician fleet decimated by the much smaller Greek fleet in the straits of Salamis

How come E is the answer ?

His crack Phoenician fleet (Noun) + (ed-modifier) decimated by the much smaller Greek fleet in the straits of Salamis,

(Independent clause starts)
the Persian king Xerxes (Noun), whose initial arrogance quickly changed to horror,(verb) fled back to Asia and (verb) left his remaining troops under the generalship of his brother-in-law, Mardonius.
(Independent clause ends)

Where is the verb for "His crack Phoenician fleet" (Noun), even if crack is verb or anything else then where is coordination conjunction joining second IC.

I think answer should be anyone of choices A and D.

A.Having the crack Phoenician fleet being decimated by the much smaller Greek fleet in the straits of Salamis
D.Seeing as the crack Phoenician fleet having been decimated by the much smaller Greek fleet in the straits of Salamis

ing modifier Having or Seeing is referring to the Persian king Xerxes and that makes first half to act as participle ing modifier.

I will go with A.

Seeing as the crack Phoenician fleet doesn't look ok.

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Re: Having the crack Phoenician fleet being decimated by the [#permalink]

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14 Mar 2014, 12:26
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A similar question is explained here. I think option E is ok.

In E, His crack Phoenician fleet (Noun) + (ed-modifier) decimated by the much smaller Greek fleet in the straits of Salamis, is an absolute phrase. An absolute phrase:

-- consists of a noun and a modifier and perhaps a few other words
-- is connected to an independent clause without a conjunction
-- modifies the entire clause and provides context.

In the sentence above, His crack Phoenician fleet (Noun) + (ed-modifier) decimated by the much smaller Greek fleet in the straits of Salamis, tells us in what context the Persian king Xerxes FLED and LEFT.
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Re: Having the crack Phoenician fleet being decimated by the [#permalink]

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19 Apr 2016, 02:32
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Re: Having the crack Phoenician fleet being decimated by the [#permalink]

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25 Nov 2016, 06:59
macjas wrote:
Having the crack Phoenician fleet being decimated by the much smaller Greek fleet in the straits of Salamis, the Persian king Xerxes, whose initial arrogance quickly changed to horror, fled back to Asia and left his remaining troops under the generalship of his brother-in-law, Mardonius.

A.Having the crack Phoenician fleet being decimated by the much smaller Greek fleet in the straits of Salamis
B.In view of his crack Phoenician fleet had been decimated by the much smaller Greek fleet in the straits of Salamis
C.Because of there having been a much smaller Greek fleet in the straits of Salamis that decimated his crack Phoenician fleet
D.Seeing as the crack Phoenician fleet having been decimated by the much smaller Greek fleet in the straits of Salamis
E.His crack Phoenician fleet decimated by the much smaller Greek fleet in the straits of Salamis

The underlined statement is actually a cause for Persian king to fly back to asia..

When E is placed in the question stem it makes an abrupt sense...

Can anybody please explain this question properly..?????

And is these type of question expected to come in GMAT?
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Having the crack Phoenician fleet being decimated by the [#permalink]

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25 Nov 2016, 09:28
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The first part before the comma is not a sentence to have a verb. It is just a phrase that modifies the entire following clause. Here the -ed +verb- is a not verb; it is a past participle. Even present participles -verb+ing- can be used in such absolute modifiers. Look at the following examples.
The side-dish prepared, Sarala started to toast the bread slices
The slices toasted, Sarala asked the children to eat their breakfast
Their breakfast done up, the children darted to the bus-stop to catch the school bus
Their school - bus boarded, the children started playing games in their mobiles before reaching the school

These modifiers have also a pronoun often to refer to the noun of the following independent sentence. They are never connected to the main clause with a conjunction. A conjunction will render the sentence as a fragment.
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Last edited by daagh on 26 Nov 2016, 04:43, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Having the crack Phoenician fleet being decimated by the [#permalink]

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25 Nov 2016, 11:07
Well i don't see any grammatical error in option A but the meaning of the underlined sentence, when read along with rest of the sentence, is ambiguous.

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Re: Having the crack Phoenician fleet being decimated by the [#permalink]

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25 Nov 2016, 11:09
And option B, C, and D are grammatically not sound. And option E clearly indicates the meaning of the entire sentence. Hence option E.

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Re: Having the crack Phoenician fleet being decimated by the [#permalink]

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25 Nov 2016, 11:16
Phoenician fleet belonged to the persian king, Xerxes. It was decimated by a smaller fleet of the Greeks in the straits of Salamis. After this unexpected decimation, the persian king
was horrified and fled back to Asia and left the remaining troops(left over portion of the Phoenician fleet ) under the generalship of his brother-in-law, Mardonius.

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Re: Having the crack Phoenician fleet being decimated by the [#permalink]

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25 Nov 2016, 11:18

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Re: Having the crack Phoenician fleet being decimated by the [#permalink]

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26 Nov 2016, 05:04
usercentricity wrote:

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Your understanding is correct, though one may as well say that A is grammatically wrong because of use of wrong verbals " having" and "being".
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Re: Having the crack Phoenician fleet being decimated by the [#permalink]

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26 Nov 2016, 07:08
sayantanc2k wrote:
usercentricity wrote:

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Your understanding is correct, though one may as well say that A is grammatically wrong because of use of wrong verbals " having" and "being".

Oh yes....i missed that point! Thanks for correcting me.

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Re: Having the crack Phoenician fleet being decimated by the   [#permalink] 26 Nov 2016, 07:08
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