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# Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet duri

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Re: Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet duri [#permalink]

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11 Jun 2012, 08:32
Ayrish wrote:
Again sc 1000
my answer is A, but OA E. I cann't realise why. Can u help me?

330. Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War, Horace Pippin, a Black American painter, worked by holding the brush in his right hand and guiding its movements with his left.
(A) Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War
(B) In spite of his right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War
(C) Because there had been a sniper’s bullet during the First World War that crippled his right hand and arm
(D) The right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War
(E) His right hand and arm crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War

good question. it is worth to have some attention. the intended meaning is clear in E. C distorted the meaning. being is unnecessarily used in A and D.
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Re: Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet duri [#permalink]

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29 May 2013, 17:06
Between C and E, E is clear winner..

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Re: Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet duri [#permalink]

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20 Jul 2013, 23:11
Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War, Horace Pippin, a Black American painter, worked by holding the brush in his right hand and guiding its movements with his left.
(A) Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War
(B) In spite of his right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War
(C) Because there had been a sniper’s bullet during the First World War that crippled his right hand and arm
(D) The right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War
(E) His right hand and arm crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War

in another forum i have read below as a reason to eliminate option A

(A) "Having" is the wrong tense - the sentence should be in past tense. "being" is used incorrectly

So it means that we cant use having as a modifier when the sentence is in past tense? Can i infer like that?
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Last edited by Narenn on 21 Jul 2013, 06:55, edited 3 times in total.
Merged in similar topic. Pls search the forum before posting a new question

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Re: Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet duri [#permalink]

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20 Jul 2013, 23:45
Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War, Horace Pippin, a Black American painter, worked by holding the brush in his right hand and guiding its movements with his left.

(A) Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War
Wrong. "being crippled" is incorrect, because "crippled by a sniper's bullet" modifies "hand and arm" ==> Verb+ed is correct, not "being Verb+ed".
I don't think "having" is a problem here. For example: having a car towed yesterday, Harry comes to school late today.

(B) In spite of his right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War
Wrong. Same as A. "being crippled" is incorrect modifier.

(C) Because there had been a sniper’s bullet during the First World War that crippled his right hand and arm
Wrong. "that" seems to modify "first world war". In addition, the structure is very awkward "there had been.....that crippled.....".

(D) The right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War
Wrong. Same as A. "being crippled" is incorrect modifier.

(E) His right hand and arm crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War
Correct. "his" refers to Horace Pippin, "crippled" modifies "hand and arm".

Hope it helps.
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Re: Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet duri [#permalink]

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20 Jul 2013, 23:48
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skamal7 wrote:
in another forum i have read below as a reason to eliminate option A

(A) "Having" is the wrong tense - the sentence should be in past tense. "being" is used incorrectly

So it means that we cant use having as a modifier when the sentence is in past tense? Can i infer like that?

Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War, Horace Pippin, a Black American painter, worked by holding the brush in his right hand and guiding its movements with his left.

If you use an -ing modifier, you are saying that the ING verb expresses an action that happens at the same time as the action expresses by the main verb. There cannot be a time gap between the two actions: "Having the right hand (...)" and "worked" do not express contemporaneous actions.

This is not what happens in this sentence, so we can eliminate each option that uses such construct.

(C) Because there had been a sniper’s bullet during the First World War that crippled his right hand and arm
(E) His right hand and arm crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War

C is out because the "that" modifier cannot jump to "bullet" (its correct reference).
E uses an absolute phrase to modify the whole idea of the clause: it provides info about how Horace worked.

I am not sure that you can infer that much.
I would say that you can use -ing modifiers of this form even in "past sentences" as long as the two actions (the main verb and the ing) are contemporary.
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Re: Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet duri [#permalink]

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21 Jul 2013, 00:40
zarollu,
The reason that you mentioned for eliminating C -that cannot modify bullet. I have seen in few OG question where the noun +preposition +that xxx .In this sort of construction eventhough prepostion is between the noun(bullet)can modify that clause
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Re: Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet duri [#permalink]

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21 Jul 2013, 00:57
skamal7 wrote:
zarollu,
The reason that you mentioned for eliminating C -that cannot modify bullet. I have seen in few OG question where the noun +preposition +that xxx .In this sort of construction eventhough prepostion is between the noun(bullet)can modify that clause

That construct appears in only one OG sentence, and it's from a diagnostic test (I cannot find it right now).

But keep an eye on the structure. What you say is correct BUT this is not the case:

"the bullet of silver that killed the vampire" is legit because "of silver" modifies the bullet creating a noun-phrase.

(C) Because there had been a sniper’s bullet during the First World War; here "during the First World War" does not modify a bullet (but rather modifies the action, specifying the time when the bullet was in his leg). So here "that" cannot jump over this.

Hope the difference is clear
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Re: Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet duri [#permalink]

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21 Jul 2013, 05:16
Hi,

I presume the intended meaning of the sentence is reflected in option B only..."inspite of a disability(if you can call so), the person carried on with a particular job"

Regards

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Re: Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet duri [#permalink]

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18 Mar 2015, 01:55
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Re: Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet duri [#permalink]

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20 Mar 2015, 04:10
went for E, rest all had "being and because" which are wrong

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Re: Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet duri [#permalink]

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12 Apr 2016, 10:19
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Re: Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet duri [#permalink]

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28 May 2017, 23:49
pqhai wrote:
Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War, Horace Pippin, a Black American painter, worked by holding the brush in his right hand and guiding its movements with his left.

(A) Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War
Wrong. "being crippled" is incorrect, because "crippled by a sniper's bullet" modifies "hand and arm" ==> Verb+ed is correct, not "being Verb+ed".
I don't think "having" is a problem here. For example: having a car towed yesterday, Harry comes to school late today.

(B) In spite of his right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War
Wrong. Same as A. "being crippled" is incorrect modifier.

(C) Because there had been a sniper’s bullet during the First World War that crippled his right hand and arm
Wrong. "that" seems to modify "first world war". In addition, the structure is very awkward "there had been.....that crippled.....".

(D) The right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War
Wrong. Same as A. "being crippled" is incorrect modifier.

(E) His right hand and arm crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War
Correct. "his" refers to Horace Pippin, "crippled" modifies "hand and arm".

Hope it helps.

Are the below options correct? I corrected the errors related to "being" in A and B

A.having the right hand and arm crippled by a sniper's bullet..........
B.In spite of his right hand and arm crippled by a sniper's bullet.........

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Re: Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet duri [#permalink]

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29 May 2017, 02:11
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Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War, Horace Pippin, a Black American painter, worked by holding the brush in his right hand and guiding its movements with his left.

(A) Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War
(B) In spite of his right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War
(C) Because there had been a sniper’s bullet during the First World War that crippled his right hand and arm
(D) The right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War
(E) His right hand and arm crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War

This is a topic in which one can remove a good three choices if he or she is aware that 'being' used in a modifier phrase is an instant discard in GMAT.
Being, however, is not incorrect all the times. In some cases when 'being' is used in a substantive phrase, a suitable verb will follow 'the phrase to indicate that the substantive phrase taken as a unit is acting as the subject. The other such instance when 'being' will be correct is when the word is used in a passive voice clause, in which case it will be preceded by a verb. In all other instances, use of 'being', at least in the wonderland of GMAT, will be redundant and incorrect.
Therefore we can discard A, B, and D instantly. C is saying that it is the first world war that crippled his arm and hand, a wrong allusion.
Finally, E remains.
How much more quickly can one get to the winning post?
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Last edited by daagh on 29 May 2017, 02:39, edited 1 time in total.

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Re: Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet duri [#permalink]

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29 May 2017, 02:23
Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War, Horace Pippin, a Black American painter, worked by holding the brush in his right hand and guiding its movements with his left.

(A) Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War

(B) In spite of his right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War

(C) Because there had been a sniper’s bullet during the First World War that crippled his right hand and arm

(D) The right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War

(E) His right hand and arm crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War
--> correct.
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Re: Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet duri [#permalink]

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29 May 2017, 21:55
daagh wrote:
Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War, Horace Pippin, a Black American painter, worked by holding the brush in his right hand and guiding its movements with his left.

(A) Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War
(B) In spite of his right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War
(C) Because there had been a sniper’s bullet during the First World War that crippled his right hand and arm
(D) The right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War
(E) His right hand and arm crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War

This is a topic in which one can remove a good three choices if he or she is aware that 'being' used in a modifier phrase is an instant discard in GMAT.
Being, however, is not incorrect all the times. In some cases when 'being' is used in a substantive phrase, a suitable verb will follow 'the phrase to indicate that the substantive phrase taken as a unit is acting as the subject. The other such instance when 'being' will be correct is when the word is used in a passive voice clause, in which case it will be preceded by a verb. In all other instances, use of 'being', at least in the wonderland of GMAT, will be redundant and incorrect.
Therefore we can discard A, B, and D instantly. C is saying that it is the first world war that crippled his arm and hand, a wrong allusion.
Finally, E remains.
How much more quickly can one get to the winning post?

Thank you for your response. Can you also give an example of "In some cases when 'being' is used in a substantive phrase, a suitable verb will follow 'the phrase to indicate that the substantive phrase taken as a unit is acting as the subject."?

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Re: Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet duri [#permalink]

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31 May 2017, 03:14
Ayrish wrote:
Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War, Horace Pippin, a Black American painter, worked by holding the brush in his right hand and guiding its movements with his left.
(A) Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War
(B) In spite of his right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War
(C) Because there had been a sniper’s bullet during the First World War that crippled his right hand and arm
(D) The right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War
(E) His right hand and arm crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War

LOOK at A.
noun+being+do-ed
is never correct on gmat land though it can appear in newyorktime . you can see this as fast and hard rule.
why
because in the pattern
noun+doing
doing do not show an action which is happening. doing can show " will do, did, will have done" or any tense . that is why doing after noun is called "indefinite". it is a mistake to add being to mean a continuity of an action.

when we add do-ed to a noun, noun+do-ed appear. in this pattern, do-ed dose not take any tense because we do not want to show any tense. we just want to say something is done at indefinite time.

another point.

having noun+comma+ main clause.

in this pattern, doing show an action which happen simultaeously with, or a little bit before , the main action. but not all verb can be in the position of doing this way. if the verb is state verb like "to be, " to think", doing in that position show a temporary condition. "to have " is a state verb, if we use "having" we mean a temporary condition. "having the right hand crippled..." is not temporary. this condition is long indefinite. so, use of "having" is wrong. this point is harder .

a state condition can be shown by a stative verb or by only adjective attached to the subject.

tired, I go to sleep.

this is similar to our problem, " his right hand crippled, he paint with his left hand".

if we add being or ing, the time become different the way I said above.

the takeaway is that whenever we see doing, we have to think about simultaneousness with another action or about temporariness of an action.

my god, gmat test basic but hard point of grammar
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Re: Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet duri [#permalink]

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19 Jul 2017, 21:35
Hello Friends

I think E is the right one but i am wondering whether a ',' should be there in the end of the option E. The underlined portion includes comma which is not given in any of the option choices.

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Re: Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet duri [#permalink]

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19 Jul 2017, 22:45
artisood17 wrote:
Hello Friends

I think E is the right one but i am wondering whether a ',' should be there in the end of the option E. The underlined portion includes comma which is not given in any of the option choices.

Hi artisood17, welcome to the forum!

In GMAT Sentence correction, option A is always the same as the underlined portion of the original sentence.

Since there is no comma at the end of option A, it basically tells me that the underlined portion (in the original sentence) should not include a comma (underlined portion should get over at war).
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Re: Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet duri [#permalink]

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19 Aug 2017, 11:51
Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper???s bullet during the First World War, Horace Pippin, a Black American painter, worked by holding the brush in his right hand and guiding its movements with his left.
(A) Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper???s bullet during the First World War
(B) In spite of his right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper???s bullet during the First World War
(C) Because there had been a sniper???s bullet during the First World War that crippled his right hand and arm
(D) The right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper???s bullet during the First World War
(E) His right hand and arm crippled by a sniper???s bullet during the First World War

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Re: Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet duri [#permalink]

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20 Aug 2017, 05:39
Ayrish wrote:
Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War, Horace Pippin, a Black American painter, worked by holding the brush in his right hand and guiding its movements with his left.
(A) Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War
(B) In spite of his right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War
(C) Because there had been a sniper’s bullet during the First World War that crippled his right hand and arm
(D) The right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War
(E) His right hand and arm crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War

With 'Being' always ask the question:
Who is being, what is being? If you get an answer to that then the usage is wrong.
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Re: Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet duri   [#permalink] 20 Aug 2017, 05:39

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