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# Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet duri

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Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet duri  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 12 Jun 2018, 08:32
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Question Stats:

45% (01:15) correct 55% (01:23) wrong based on 1766 sessions

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The Official Guide for GMAT Review, 10th Edition, 2003

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 86
Page: 666

Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War, Horace Pippin, a Black American painter, worked by holding the brush in his right hand and guiding its movements with his left.

(A) Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War
(B) In spite of his right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War
(C) Because there had been a sniper’s bullet during the First World War that crippled his right hand and arm
(D) The right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War
(E) His right hand and arm crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War

https://www.nytimes.com/1988/07/31/books/in-the-whirl-and-muddle-of-war.html

Sometime in the late 1920's, Horace Pippin, a black American veteran of World War I, began to write his memories of his war. It must have been difficult: Pippin was not a writer and was not very well educated. Even the physical act of writing was hard for him, for his right hand and arm had been crippled by a sniper's bullet and he could scarcely hold a pen. Yet he tried several drafts of a war narrative before he gave the writing up and turned to drawing and finally to painting. That, too, was a struggle; he had to hold the brush in his crippled right hand and guide its movements with his left. He worked at one painting for three years, giving it, he reckoned, a hundred coats of paint. It was called ''The End of the War: Starting Home,'' and it hangs now in the Philadelphia Museum of Art - a strange and powerful image of the violence that he remembered.

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Originally posted by Ayrish on 19 Oct 2009, 06:05.
Last edited by hazelnut on 12 Jun 2018, 08:32, edited 5 times in total.
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Re: Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet duri  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 29 May 2017, 03:39
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Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War, Horace Pippin, a Black American painter, worked by holding the brush in his right hand and guiding its movements with his left.

(A) Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War
(B) In spite of his right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War
(C) Because there had been a sniper’s bullet during the First World War that crippled his right hand and arm
(D) The right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War
(E) His right hand and arm crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War

This is a topic in which one can remove a good three choices if he or she is aware that 'being' used in a modifier phrase is an instant discard in GMAT.
Being, however, is not incorrect all the times. In some cases when 'being' is used in a substantive phrase, a suitable verb will follow 'the phrase to indicate that the substantive phrase taken as a unit is acting as the subject. The other such instance when 'being' will be correct is when the word is used in a passive voice clause, in which case it will be preceded by a verb. In all other instances, use of 'being', at least in the wonderland of GMAT, will be redundant and incorrect.
Therefore we can discard A, B, and D instantly. C is saying that it is the first world war that crippled his arm and hand, a wrong allusion.
Finally, E remains.
How much more quickly can one get to the winning post?
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Originally posted by daagh on 29 May 2017, 03:11.
Last edited by daagh on 29 May 2017, 03:39, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet duri  [#permalink]

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10 Jul 2010, 22:04
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GMAT is guiding you in this example. B has "being". being is used for a process.
Thanks for the question

Here is a tip (from Master Sarai )

TIP: "BEING" IS CORRECT WHEN DESCRIBING A PROCESS. SO IF YOU CAN INSERT "IN THE PROCESS OF" BEFORE THE "BEING" AND WIND UP WITH A SENSIBLE SENTENCE, THE "BEING" IS CORRECT!

(B) In spite of his right hand and arm (is in the process of ) being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War ---> B means "his right hand and arm" is in the process of being crippled during the First World War- this is not possible unless someone revisits the World War now.
##### General Discussion
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Re: Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet duri  [#permalink]

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30 Jan 2010, 10:02
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6
330. Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War, Horace Pippin, a Black American painter, worked by holding the brush in his right hand and guiding its movements with his left.
(A) Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War
(B) In spite of his right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War
(C) Because there had been a sniper’s bullet during the First World War that crippled his right hand and arm
(D) The right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War
(E) His right hand and arm crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War

E is a clear winner...

Explanation:
being crippled... is not correct as this signifies that the arm and hand is still crippling and thats not correct.... Hence A,B,D is out.. (also remember GMAT never prefers being but thats not a thumb rule)

Between C and E.... C is too wordy starting with Because there had been .... and also makes little sense.....

Hence E is the right option... with correct verb tense crippled matched to worked in the later part of the sentence...!
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Re: Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet duri  [#permalink]

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20 Oct 2009, 04:00
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Being is wrongly used; hence option A,B,D are out.
option C Because....right hand and arm,Horace Pippin, a Black American doesn't make sense...
Option E is an inverted arrengement with His introduced before noun...but still valid

(A) Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War
(B) In spite of his right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War
(C) Because there had been a sniper’s bullet during the First World War that crippled his right hand and arm
(D) The right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War
(E) His right hand and arm crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War
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Re: Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet duri  [#permalink]

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11 Jul 2010, 01:25
2
E works fine here.

The starting modifer is an absolute phrase (His right arm crippled by bullet...) modifying the noun Horace.

All the other choices just seem so wordy... with "there had been" or "being crippled."
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Re: Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet duri  [#permalink]

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12 Jul 2010, 07:52
2
Hey metallicafan

It does. I am fan of PP

http://gmat-grammar.blogspot.com/2006/0 ... rases.html

Peace !
metallicafan wrote:
E works fine here.

The starting modifer is an absolute phrase (His right arm crippled by bullet...) modifying the noun Horace.

All the other choices just seem so wordy... with "there had been" or "being crippled."

How does this phrase modify the noun Horace? If you don't add a word to show the contrast (i.e. Despite or In spite of); there wouldn't be a logical link between the phrase and the main clause.

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Re: Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet duri  [#permalink]

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21 Jul 2013, 00:45
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2
Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War, Horace Pippin, a Black American painter, worked by holding the brush in his right hand and guiding its movements with his left.

(A) Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War
Wrong. "being crippled" is incorrect, because "crippled by a sniper's bullet" modifies "hand and arm" ==> Verb+ed is correct, not "being Verb+ed".
I don't think "having" is a problem here. For example: having a car towed yesterday, Harry comes to school late today.

(B) In spite of his right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War
Wrong. Same as A. "being crippled" is incorrect modifier.

(C) Because there had been a sniper’s bullet during the First World War that crippled his right hand and arm
Wrong. "that" seems to modify "first world war". In addition, the structure is very awkward "there had been.....that crippled.....".

(D) The right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War
Wrong. Same as A. "being crippled" is incorrect modifier.

(E) His right hand and arm crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War
Correct. "his" refers to Horace Pippin, "crippled" modifies "hand and arm".

Hope it helps.
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Re: Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet duri  [#permalink]

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21 Mar 2019, 02:45
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True; that noun phrase is given to explain why he resorted to the characteristic way of his painting.
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Re: Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet duri  [#permalink]

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11 Jul 2010, 18:27
E works fine here.

The starting modifer is an absolute phrase (His right arm crippled by bullet...) modifying the noun Horace.

All the other choices just seem so wordy... with "there had been" or "being crippled."

How does this phrase modify the noun Horace? If you don't add a word to show the contrast (i.e. Despite or In spite of); there wouldn't be a logical link between the phrase and the main clause.

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Re: Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet duri  [#permalink]

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13 Jul 2011, 14:59
agdimple333 wrote:
Baten80 wrote:
Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper's bullet during the First World War. Horace Pippin,
a Black American painter, worked by holding the brush in his right hand and guiding its movements with his
left
(A) Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper's bullet during the First World War - i think we need past tense here instead of having
(B) In spite of his right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper's bullet during the First World War - i am not sure about use of being here. also use of 'because' would have been better than 'inspite of '
(C) Because there had been a sniper's bullet during the First World War that crippled his right hand and
arm - use of past perfect is not right here.
(D) The right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper's bullet during the First World War - again use of 'being' and also 'the right hand and arm'... probably 'his' would have helped.. or something like 'the right hand and arm of horace pippin'... but the entire clause is without 'his'
(E) His right hand and arm crippled by a sniper's bullet during the First World War - this one is atleast grammatically correct. and is better among all choices, though not best

Good points.

Another way to look at answer (E)--to make yourself feel more comfortable about choosing (E) would be to flip the sentence like so:

"His right hand and arm crippled by a sniper's bullet during the First World War, Horace Pippin worked by holding the brush..."

to

"Horace Pippin, his right hand and arm crippled by a sniper's bullet during the First World War, worked by holding the brush...."
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Re: Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet duri  [#permalink]

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29 May 2017, 03:23
Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War, Horace Pippin, a Black American painter, worked by holding the brush in his right hand and guiding its movements with his left.

(A) Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War

(B) In spite of his right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War

(C) Because there had been a sniper’s bullet during the First World War that crippled his right hand and arm

(D) The right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War

(E) His right hand and arm crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War
--> correct.
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Re: Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet duri  [#permalink]

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19 Jul 2017, 22:35
Hello Friends

I think E is the right one but i am wondering whether a ',' should be there in the end of the option E. The underlined portion includes comma which is not given in any of the option choices.

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Re: Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet duri  [#permalink]

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19 Jul 2017, 23:45
artisood17 wrote:
Hello Friends

I think E is the right one but i am wondering whether a ',' should be there in the end of the option E. The underlined portion includes comma which is not given in any of the option choices.

Hi artisood17, welcome to the forum!

In GMAT Sentence correction, option A is always the same as the underlined portion of the original sentence.

Since there is no comma at the end of option A, it basically tells me that the underlined portion (in the original sentence) should not include a comma (underlined portion should get over at war).
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Re: Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet  [#permalink]

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21 Mar 2019, 01:29
daagh wrote:
Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War, Horace Pippin, a Black American painter, worked by holding the brush in his right hand and guiding its movements with his left.

(A) Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War
(B) In spite of his right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War
(C) Because there had been a sniper’s bullet during the First World War that crippled his right hand and arm
(D) The right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War
(E) His right hand and arm crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War

This is a topic in which one can remove a good three choices if he or she is aware that 'being' used in a modifier phrase is an instant discard in GMAT.
Being, however, is not incorrect all the times. In some cases when 'being' is used in a substantive phrase, a suitable verb will follow 'the phrase to indicate that the substantive phrase taken as a unit is acting as the subject. The other such instance when 'being' will be correct is when the word is used in a passive voice clause, in which case it will be preceded by a verb. In all other instances, use of 'being', at least in the wonderland of GMAT, will be redundant and incorrect.
Therefore we can discard A, B, and D instantly. C is saying that it is the first world war that crippled his arm and hand, a wrong allusion.
Finally, E remains.
How much more quickly can one get to the winning post?

daagh
Hello, I cannot agree more that from A to D are wrong answers. But I was just thinking that if the option (E) had "with", it would be better for me to choose. (With his right hand and ~ ). In this case,
"His right hand and arm crippled by a sniper’s bullet during the First World War"

this part is independent modifier phrase? (sorry I don't know the exact grammatical term, what I want to say is the phrase which is added to explain independently)
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Re: Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper's  [#permalink]

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19 Nov 2019, 03:35
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Re: Having the right hand and arm being crippled by a sniper's   [#permalink] 19 Nov 2019, 03:35
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