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He encouraged massive strides in equality, Dr. Martin Luther

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Joined: 09 Jul 2013
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He encouraged massive strides in equality, Dr. Martin Luther  [#permalink]

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Updated on: 26 Aug 2013, 11:47
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13% (00:51) correct 87% (00:48) wrong based on 583 sessions

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Hey guys,
i found it in the gmatclub grammar book,

He encouraged massive strides in equality, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., who was a champion in proclaiming equal rights for all people.
a) He encouraged massive strides in equality, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., who was a champion in proclaiming equal rights for all people.
b) Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. encouraged massive strides in equality, who was a champion in proclaiming equal rights for all people.
c) Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., who was a champion in proclaiming equal rights for all people, encouraging massive strides in equality.
d) Being a champion in proclaiming equal rights for all people, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. encouraged massive strides in equality.
e) Encouraging massive strides in equality, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., who was a champion in proclaiming equal rights for all people.

I don't understand how the modifier "encouraging" is correct in this question, shouldn't it be encouraged?
I chose D, i would like to know why it is incorrect, i know that an answer which contains "being" is wrong 90% of the time in GMAT SC, but here i dont understand why, may someone explain when it is right to use being?
thank you so much :D

Originally posted by benyahalom on 26 Aug 2013, 11:37.
Last edited by Narenn on 26 Aug 2013, 11:47, edited 3 times in total.
Always put OA in the spoiler.
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Joined: 05 Jul 2012
Posts: 15
Re: He encouraged massive strides in equality, Dr. Martin Luther  [#permalink]

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26 Aug 2013, 11:54
In option C, there is no verb in sentence. Could you share you source for that question?

I think you are absolutly right. Despite of starting with 'being', I believe that the true answer is D.

Both C and E has no verb in sentence.
Both A and B has wrong modifier.
Magoosh GMAT Instructor
Joined: 28 Dec 2011
Posts: 4664
Re: He encouraged massive strides in equality, Dr. Martin Luther  [#permalink]

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26 Aug 2013, 12:01
2
benyahalom wrote:
Hey guys,
i found it in the gmatclub grammar book,

He encouraged massive strides in equality, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., who was a champion in proclaiming equal rights for all people.
A) He encouraged massive strides in equality, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., who was a champion in proclaiming equal rights for all people.
B) Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. encouraged massive strides in equality, who was a champion in proclaiming equal rights for all people.
C) Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., who was a champion in proclaiming equal rights for all people, encouraging massive strides in equality.
D) Being a champion in proclaiming equal rights for all people, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. encouraged massive strides in equality.
E) Encouraging massive strides in equality, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., who was a champion in proclaiming equal rights for all people.

I don't understand how the modifier "encouraging" is correct in this question, shouldn't it be encouraged?
I chose D, i would like to know why it is incorrect, i know that an answer which contains "being" is wrong 90% of the time in GMAT SC, but here i dont understand why, may someone explain when it is right to use being?
thank you so much :D

Dear benyahalom,
I'm happy to weigh in on this.

Something is funky here. You are perfectly correct --- there is no way that (C) is correct. It needs a full verb (e.g. "encouraged") instead of a participle ("encouraging"). Both choices (C) & (E) commit the famous missing verb mistake. See:
http://gmat.magoosh.com/lessons/914-the ... rb-mistake

I was looking for this question and the correct OA. Either there's a mistake, and the OA is not (C), or this question is just a very faulty question. ---- or both!!! If (C) is not the answer, it certainly can't be (E) either, and each of the other three answers is too awkward to be a correct answer on the GMAT SC.

My friend, have you every heard the sarcastic expression, "Free, and worth it" ? That's what I'd say we have here. The web is loaded with free GMAT SC questions, but many of them are of exceptionally poor quality. Here's a high quality question:
http://gmat.magoosh.com/questions/3290
Many of the articles on this free blog also have high quality questions:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/category/verbal ... orrection/

Does all this make sense?
Mike
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Mike McGarry
Magoosh Test Prep

Education is not the filling of a pail, but the lighting of a fire. — William Butler Yeats (1865 – 1939)

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Joined: 29 Apr 2013
Posts: 95
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Strategy
GMAT Date: 11-06-2013
WE: Programming (Telecommunications)
Re: He encouraged massive strides in equality, Dr. Martin Luther  [#permalink]

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26 Aug 2013, 12:08
2
benyahalom wrote:
Hey guys,
i found it in the gmatclub grammar book,

He encouraged massive strides in equality, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., who was a champion in proclaiming equal rights for all people.
a) He encouraged massive strides in equality, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., who was a champion in proclaiming equal rights for all people.
b) Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. encouraged massive strides in equality, who was a champion in proclaiming equal rights for all people.
c) Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., who was a champion in proclaiming equal rights for all people, encouraging massive strides in equality.
d) Being a champion in proclaiming equal rights for all people, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. encouraged massive strides in equality.
e) Encouraging massive strides in equality, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., who was a champion in proclaiming equal rights for all people.

I don't understand how the modifier "encouraging" is correct in this question, shouldn't it be encouraged?
I chose D, i would like to know why it is incorrect, i know that an answer which contains "being" is wrong 90% of the time in GMAT SC, but here i dont understand why, may someone explain when it is right to use being?
thank you so much :D

The source is Practice test 3 of GMAT Club grammar book (Q# 30). OA is D and which I think is the best out of five.
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Re: He encouraged massive strides in equality, Dr. Martin Luther  [#permalink]

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26 Aug 2013, 14:05
TirthankarP wrote:
The source is Practice test 3 of GMAT Club grammar book (Q# 30). OA is D and which I think is the best out of five.

Holy Toledo! I would bet everything I own that (D) would never ever be the correct answer on a real GMAT SC problem. Part of the problem is the superfluous word "being" at the beginning. If we totally dropped that, then (D) would be a correct and elegant sentence:
A champion in proclaiming equal rights for all people, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. encouraged massive strides in equality.
Now that's a sentence I could imagine serving as a correct answer on the GMAT SC.
This version uses a sophisticated grammatical construction known as an appositive phrase. See:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/gmat-gramm ... e-phrases/

Let me know if anyone has any questions on this.
Mike
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Mike McGarry
Magoosh Test Prep

Education is not the filling of a pail, but the lighting of a fire. — William Butler Yeats (1865 – 1939)

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Re: He encouraged massive strides in equality, Dr. Martin Luther  [#permalink]

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27 Aug 2013, 04:48
Thank you guys very much for responding :D
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Re: He encouraged massive strides in equality, Dr. Martin Luther  [#permalink]

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27 Aug 2013, 05:19
mikemcgarry wrote:
TirthankarP wrote:
The source is Practice test 3 of GMAT Club grammar book (Q# 30). OA is D and which I think is the best out of five.

Holy Toledo! I would bet everything I own that (D) would never ever be the correct answer on a real GMAT SC problem. Part of the problem is the superfluous word "being" at the beginning. If we totally dropped that, then (D) would be a correct and elegant sentence:
A champion in proclaiming equal rights for all people, Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. encouraged massive strides in equality.
Now that's a sentence I could imagine serving as a correct answer on the GMAT SC.
This version uses a sophisticated grammatical construction known as an appositive phrase. See:
http://magoosh.com/gmat/2012/gmat-gramm ... e-phrases/

Let me know if anyone has any questions on this.
Mike

Hey,
thank you very much for your response,
can you elaborate about it more? when is it right and wrong to use being in Gmat SC?
thanks
Magoosh GMAT Instructor
Joined: 28 Dec 2011
Posts: 4664
Re: He encouraged massive strides in equality, Dr. Martin Luther  [#permalink]

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27 Aug 2013, 15:32
benyahalom wrote:
Hey,
thank you very much for your response,
can you elaborate about it more? when is it right and wrong to use being in Gmat SC?
thanks

Dear benyahalom,
As a general rule, the word "being" is almost always the kiss of death on a GMAT SC question. There are thousands of ways to toss in an extra "being" that simply does not need to be there ---- as in this particular sentence. I would say, well over 95% of the time the word "being" appears in the OG, it is plain wrong. There are some rare exception cases in which "being" could be correct, but those are very much in the minority.

Does this make sense?
Mike
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Mike McGarry
Magoosh Test Prep

Education is not the filling of a pail, but the lighting of a fire. — William Butler Yeats (1865 – 1939)

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Joined: 23 Jun 2013
Posts: 37
Re: He encouraged massive strides in equality, Dr. Martin Luther  [#permalink]

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09 Sep 2013, 16:54
I dont understand the meaning of the sentence. What is it trying to tell
esp this phrase " encouraged massive strides in equality" shouldnt it be "took(or some other word) massive strides in equality"
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Re: He encouraged massive strides in equality, Dr. Martin Luther  [#permalink]

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10 Sep 2013, 11:33
Nilabh_s wrote:
I dont understand the meaning of the sentence. What is it trying to tell
esp this phrase "encouraged massive strides in equality" shouldnt it be "took(or some other word) massive strides in equality"

Dear Nilabh_s,
I'm happy to help with this.

The GMAT sometimes will employ some metaphorical language. Here, we are not discussing literal "strides" --- physical steps that someone takes by moving their legs. These are metaphorical "strides" --- progress of a philosophical or moral kind. I don't know how much you know about Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. (1929 - 1968) --- many American regard him as a moral exemplar who raised the entire country to a higher level of ethical awareness. He is someone who already was morally "ahead", and he was encouraging others --- really most of the United States --- to catch up with him, to take "strides" so that we would be operating at that same level of consciousness. He already held and advocated a profound standard of equality, and he encouraged the rest of the country to take massive strides so we would arrive at this same deep understanding. Thus, he "encouraged massive strides in equality" --- he was the one advocating the progress, the strides, and other people actually had to take those strides.

If you are unfamiliar with Dr. King, I highly recommend finding out more about him. The GMAT doesn't demand a lot of outside knowledge, but it does demand at least a little understanding of cultural points of reference with which most GMAT takers would be deeply familiar. Knowing the basic story of Dr. King is one such point of reference.

Does all this make sense?
Mike
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Magoosh Test Prep

Education is not the filling of a pail, but the lighting of a fire. — William Butler Yeats (1865 – 1939)

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Re: He encouraged massive strides in equality, Dr. Martin Luther  [#permalink]

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