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# Headaches can often be effectively relieved by over-the-counter

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Manager
Joined: 14 Oct 2015
Posts: 249
GPA: 3.57

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29 Aug 2017, 21:01
3
11
00:00

Difficulty:

95% (hard)

Question Stats:

40% (01:22) correct 60% (01:30) wrong based on 432 sessions

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Headaches can often be effectively relieved by over-the-counter medication, without necessitating a physician’s oversight. However, doctors warn against employment of this simple strategy for recurring or particularly long-lasting headaches, even if such medication can provide relief. Since such headaches are often symptomatic of more serious maladies, sufferers are strongly advised instead to consult their physicians.

Which of the following conclusions is most strongly supported by the statements above?

(A) The greater the pain associated with a particular headache, the more serious the underlying cause.
(B) In some cases physicians advise against seeking immediate relief from pain.
(C) Some headaches cannot be relieved with over-the-counter medications.
(D) Physicians tend to focus less on pain relief rather than on other physical symptoms.
(E) Over-the-counter medication cannot provide effective relief of a headache if the underlying cause is a serious malady.

Source: CR Bible

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Manager
Joined: 22 Aug 2016
Posts: 82
Location: India
Concentration: Operations, Finance
GMAT 1: 650 Q49 V29
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29 Aug 2017, 22:27
jedit wrote:
Headaches can often be effectively relieved by over-the-counter medication, without necessitating a physician’s oversight. However, doctors warn against employment of this simple strategy for recurring or particularly long-lasting headaches, even if such medication can provide relief. Since such headaches are often symptomatic of more serious maladies, sufferers are strongly advised instead to consult their physicians.

Which of the following conclusions is most strongly supported by the statements above?

(A) The greater the pain associated with a particular headache, the more serious the underlying cause.
(B) In some cases physicians advise against seeking immediate relief from pain.
(C) Some headaches cannot be relieved with over-the-counter medications.
(D) Physicians tend to focus less on pain relief rather than on other physical symptoms.
(E) Over-the-counter medication cannot provide effective relief of a headache if the underlying cause is a serious malady.

Source: CR Bible

IMO: B

A: Intensity of pain is nowhere mentioned
B: Correct
C: Question states 'Headaches can often be effectively relieved by over-the-counter medication'. We don't know about if there is some kind of head ache that can not be relieved with medicines. The doctors are advising not to go for the medications mentioned in the passage not because they don't provide relief but because the cause could be something serious.
D:Wrong
E: Again, we don't know if medication won't provide relief if the cause is a serious malady. All we know is about medications that provide relief.
Current Student
Joined: 14 Mar 2011
Posts: 136
GMAT 1: 760 Q50 V42

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10 Sep 2017, 23:33
1
IIMC wrote:
why is E wrong?

For number of reasons :
1. " Since such headaches are often symptomatic of more serious maladies" - this does not mean
- even if they are the cause, that's not the case always.
So, when an answer choice changes the scope of the topic to "if the underlying cause is serious malady" that is incorrect.
For instance, if the scope of the passage is "if I score 800 in GMAT..", then we cannot infer anything for 'if I don't score 800 in GMAT".

2. " Headaches [ later on, the passage mentions that this "headaches" may be a symptoms/cause/... something we dont know for serious malady] can often be effectively relieved by over-the-counter medication" - that means that the over-the-counter do provide relief, be it in for a large number - as 90 cases out of 100 cases [ note the word "often'], so "cannot provide" in E do act as opposite to what's stated.

In whatever way, you look at the stimulus, E is far from being correct. In the correct one, note the key word "some", which can be very much be inferred from "often".

Cheers !!
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Status: Preparing GMAT
Joined: 02 Nov 2016
Posts: 2043
Location: Pakistan
GPA: 3.39

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12 Nov 2018, 22:03
1
jedit wrote:
Headaches can often be effectively relieved by over-the-counter medication, without necessitating a physician’s oversight. However, doctors warn against employment of this simple strategy for recurring or particularly long-lasting headaches, even if such medication can provide relief. Since such headaches are often symptomatic of more serious maladies, sufferers are strongly advised instead to consult their physicians.

Which of the following conclusions is most strongly supported by the statements above?

(A) The greater the pain associated with a particular headache, the more serious the underlying cause.
(B) In some cases physicians advise against seeking immediate relief from pain.
(C) Some headaches cannot be relieved with over-the-counter medications.
(D) Physicians tend to focus less on pain relief rather than on other physical symptoms.
(E) Over-the-counter medication cannot provide effective relief of a headache if the underlying cause is a serious malady.

Source: CR Bible

Difficulty Level: 750

Explanation

The idea in this stimulus is that while headaches can often be relieved by certain types of medication, headaches that are recurring or long-lasting can indicate a more serious condition, and doctors recommend that the sufferer seek medical attention instead of relief from over-the-counter medicine. As we consider what would be proven true from these statements, it is important to not go beyond the information and facts presented, or make unwarranted assumptions beyond what the stimulus directly supports.

Answer choice (A): There is no information in the stimulus that correlates the severity of headache pain with the seriousness of the cause of the headache.

Answer choice (B): This is the correct answer. The stimulus indicates that while a person may be able to find relief from a recurring or long-lasting headache through the use of medication, physicians recommend that in these situations (hence the “in some cases”) the sufferer should instead seek medical attention and not self-medicate (i.e. not seek immediate relief from the pain). Note that this answer can be easy to overlook because it goes against some commonly-held notions of physicians being obligated to attempt to quickly alleviate pain.

Answer choice (C): All that we know from the information presented is that “headaches can often be relieved by over-the-counter medication” (italics added for emphasis). There is nothing that suggests then that some headaches cannot be relieved by these same medications. Be careful not to assume that “some cannot” just because you are not explicitly told “all can.”

Answer choice (D): This answer choice is simply much too broad to be completely supported by the information in the stimulus. In the specific instance of a recurring/long-lasting headache, physicians may be focused more on the underlying cause than on immediate pain relief, but that does not necessarily mean that physicians in general focus less on pain relief (in all instances) than on other physical symptoms.

Answer choice (E): This answer choice contradicts the information given, so it is an Opposite answer and is correct. The stimulus states that over-the-counter medications could potentially provide relief for a headache caused by something more serious (“even if such medication can provide relief”); the point is that physicians suggest sufferers forego immediate relief and seek to instead establish the underlying cause of the headache.

Hope it help
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Intern
Joined: 24 Feb 2018
Posts: 35
Location: India
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13 Nov 2018, 03:20
Headaches can often be effectively relieved by over-the-counter medication, without necessitating a physician’s oversight. However, doctors warn against employment of this simple strategy for recurring or particularly long-lasting headaches, even if such medication can provide relief. Since such headaches are often symptomatic of more serious maladies, sufferers are strongly advised instead to consult their physicians.

Which of the following conclusions is most strongly supported by the statements above?

(A) The greater the pain associated with a particular headache, the more serious the underlying cause......this is incorrect because nowhere it is mentioned that pain is directly associated with the underlying cause.

(B) In some cases physicians advise against seeking immediate relief from pain....perfect choice...this case the physicians dont want the patients to take medicine over the counter and get immediate relief. Rather he would like to examine the underlying cause for the recurring/long-lasting headaches.

(C) Some headaches cannot be relieved with over-the-counter medications.....its given in the argument that often those medications are able to provide relief to the headaches.

(D) Physicians tend to focus less on pain relief rather than on other physical symptoms........out of scope and irrelevant

(E) Over-the-counter medication cannot provide effective relief of a headache if the underlying cause is a serious malady....it is mentioned in the argument that even if the patient is having long-lasting or recurring headaches those over-the-counter medication are able to provide relief..

Best choice..B
Re: Headaches can often be effectively relieved by over-the-counter &nbs [#permalink] 13 Nov 2018, 03:20
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