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Health Department statistics demonstrate that children reading high on

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Health Department statistics demonstrate that children reading high on [#permalink]

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Source: McGraw Hill GMAT

Health Department statistics demonstrate that children reading high on glucose with family histories of diabetes are twice as likely as the general population to develop diabetes.

A. reading high on glucose with family histories of diabetes
B. with high glucose readings whose families have a history of diabetes
C. with high glucose readings and who have a diabetic history in the family
D. having high glucose readings and also having histories of diabetes in their family
E. with a history of diabetes running in the family and with high glucose readings
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Health Department statistics demonstrate that children reading high on [#permalink]

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New post 26 Feb 2017, 17:40
Why is B the correct answer ? Doesn't whose is modifying readings, which is wrong
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Re: Health Department statistics demonstrate that children reading high on [#permalink]

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New post 26 Feb 2017, 20:01
B is correct. The subject in noun phrase CHILDREN WITH HIGH GLUCOSE READING is Children. high diabetes is followed by preposition with. In this case whose modifies Children.

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Health Department statistics demonstrate that children reading high on [#permalink]

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ankujgupta wrote:
Why is B the correct answer ? Doesn't whose is modifying readings, which is wrong


According to touch rule, "whose" should ideally touch the noun it refers to. However there are some acceptable exceptions to the touch rule, well explained in the Manhattan SC guide. The first one is as follows:

A "mission critical" modifier may come in between a modifier and the noun it refers to. In such case the modifier refers to the whole noun + "mission critical" modifier together.

Here "whose" refers to "children with high glucose readings".
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Health Department statistics demonstrate that children reading high on [#permalink]

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New post 01 Mar 2017, 23:51
Is E wrong because it incorrectly says that the children have a history of diabetes? Doesn't "running in the family" clarify that?
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Re: Health Department statistics demonstrate that children reading high on [#permalink]

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New post 04 Mar 2017, 11:31
tylermmh wrote:
Is E wrong because it incorrectly says that the children have a history of diabetes? Doesn't "running in the family" clarify that?


Children do not have a history of diabetes - the family of the children has. Hence it is wrong to say "children with a history of diabetes". Modifying "diabetes" by "running in the family" does not help because the meaning that children have a history still remains. Option E implies that children have a history of diabetes, the diabetes that runs in the family.

Therefore E is wrong.
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Re: Health Department statistics demonstrate that children reading high on [#permalink]

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New post 07 Mar 2017, 12:30
shalabhg27 wrote:
Can you explain why A is wrong ?


Children do not read high - the modifier "reading high..." is wrong.
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Health Department statistics demonstrate that children reading high on [#permalink]

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New post 09 Mar 2017, 12:47
Nice Question.
Health Department statistics demonstrate that children reading high on glucose with family histories of diabetes are twice as likely as the general population to develop diabetes.

A. reading high on glucose with family histories of diabetes- Incorrect.
The phrase children reading high on glucose seem to imply that children are reading high on glucose with___. The sentence is wordy and nonsensical.


B. with high glucose readings whose families have a history of diabetes – Correct.
A little complicated but best out of the rest. With high glucose reading correctly modifies children.
Further Note that there are 3 exceptions to noun modifier placements. 1- A very Short predicate falls in between, shifting a very long modifier back.
2- A short, nonessential phrase intervenes and is set off by commas. 3- The Modifier is a part of a series of parallel modifiers, one of which touches the noun.
Further remember one important rule ‘An Essential modifier trumps a nonessential modifier’

In the above sentence both the modifier with high glucose reading and whose families___ correctly modify the noun children.


C. with high glucose readings and who have a diabetic history in the family- Incorrect.
This choice seems to imply that there are two types of children, one who have high glucose reading and another who have a history of diabetes. This changes the indented meaning of the sentence.


D. having high glucose readings and also having histories of diabetes in their family- Incorrect.
This choice is wordy and awkward.


E. with a history of diabetes running in the family and with high glucose readings- Incorrect.
This sentence nonsensically implies that children have a history of diabetes whereas it should be the family who has the history of diabetes. Secondly history of diabetes and running in the family is somewhat redundant.

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Health Department statistics demonstrate that children reading high on   [#permalink] 09 Mar 2017, 12:47
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