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# Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action,

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Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, [#permalink]

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Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, especially if it has worked well in the past, makes it likely to miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpret them when they do appear.
A. Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, especially if it has worked well in the past, makes it likely to miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpret them when they do appear.
B. An executive who is heavily committed to a course of action, especially one that worked well in the past, makes missing signs of incipient trouble or misinterpreting ones likely when they do appear.
C. An executive who is heavily committed to a course of action is likely to miss or misinterpret signs of incipient trouble when they do appear, especially if it has worked well in the past.
D. Executives' being heavily committed to a course of action, especially if it has worked well in the past, makes them likely to miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpreting them when they do appear.
E. Being heavily committed to a course of action, especially one that has worked well in the past, is likely to make an executive miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpret them when they do appear.

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Re: Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, [#permalink]

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06 Oct 2012, 11:56
A. Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, especially if it has worked well in the past, makes it likely to miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpret them when they do appear.

The third part is awkward , what makes it likely to miss signs of incipient trouble ?? Is it the past ??

B. An executive who is heavily committed to a course of action, especially one that worked well in the past, makes missing signs of incipient trouble or misinterpreting ones likely when they do appear.

B does not remove this ambiguity ..

C. An executive who is heavily committed to a course of action is likely to miss or misinterpret signs of incipient trouble when they do appear, especially if it has worked well in the past.

C says "especially if it has worked well in the past" , the signs of trouble ??? therefore it is as confusing and awkward as the earlier 2...

D. Executives’ being heavily committed to a course of action, especially if it has worked well in the past, makes them likely to miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpreting them when they do appear.

Makes them likely to miss signs... makes who likely ?? the course of action ? or the executives ?? confusing and reflects poorly on construction ..

E. Being heavily committed to a course of action, especially one that has worked well in the past, is likely to make an executive miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpret them when they do appear.

The first part talks of a course of action, the second one refers to that very course of action ... the third part claims that the course of action that has worked well in the past is likely to make an executive miss signs of trouble bla bla bla .. All the three are in order , and very little (if any ) room for confusion remains..

If we divide this passage (E) into 3 parts

Part one talks about a course of action ...Part two of that very course of action having worked on the past..Part three continues to talk about that very course of action and what negatives could arise by staying on that path .. Therefore everything is in order as it should be in a properly constructed sentence ... (E)

My 2 cents ..
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Re: Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, [#permalink]

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19 Nov 2012, 01:59
In option A, it is said to be ambiguous but its not clear why..........it said refer back to closest noun which is course of action.
As per the intended meaning "especially if it has worked well in the past", what has worked well in the past, its the course of action, than how is it ambigous.
Coming to second it in the option 'makes it likely to miss signs" now here i have a doubt, when i ask the question who misses the signs, answer should be "executives" but as per the rule it refers 'course of action".
Hence i think "it" is ambiguous.

pls help..............

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Re: Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, [#permalink]

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11 Feb 2013, 17:14
could you please explain hoe the modifier when they do appear is misplaced in the choice b??

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Re: Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, [#permalink]

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23 Mar 2013, 13:26
Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, especially if it has worked well in the past, makes it likely to miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpret them when they do appear.
A. Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, especially if it has worked well in the past, makes it likely to miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpret them when they do appear.
B. An executive who is heavily committed to a course of action, especially one that worked well in the past, makes missing signs of incipient trouble or misinterpreting ones likely when they do appear.
C. An executive who is heavily committed to a course of action is likely to miss or misinterpret signs of incipient trouble when they do appear, especially if it has worked well in the past.
D. Executives’ being heavily committed to a course of action, especially if it has worked well in the past, makes them likely to miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpreting them when they do appear.
E. Being heavily committed to a course of action, especially one that has worked well in the past, is likely to make an executive miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpret them when they do appear.

Finding this question difficult for me.Need every option`s explanation

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Re: Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, [#permalink]

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23 Mar 2013, 22:22
mun23 wrote:
Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, especially if it has worked well in the past, makes it likely to miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpret them when they do appear.
A. Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, especially if it has worked well in the past, makes it likely to miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpret them when they do appear.
B. An executive who is heavily committed to a course of action, especially one that worked well in the past, makes missing signs of incipient trouble or misinterpreting ones likely when they do appear.
C. An executive who is heavily committed to a course of action is likely to miss or misinterpret signs of incipient trouble when they do appear, especially if it has worked well in the past.
D. Executives’ being heavily committed to a course of action, especially if it has worked well in the past, makes them likely to miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpreting them when they do appear.
E. Being heavily committed to a course of action, especially one that has worked well in the past, is likely to make an executive miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpret them when they do appear.

Finding this question difficult for me.Need every option`s explanation

Here's my take on this:
A. Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, especially if it has worked well in the past, makes it likely to miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpret them when they do appear. - Incorrect It has no clear antecedent. It can refer to either 'Heavy commitment' or to a 'course of action'.
B. An executive who is heavily committed to a course of action, especially one that worked well in the past, makes missing signs of incipient trouble or misinterpreting ones likely when they do appear. - IncorrectThe last clause in the sentence incorrectly modifies An executive erroneously implying that the executive makes it more likely to miss signs
C. An executive who is heavily committed to a course of action is likely to miss or misinterpret signs of incipient trouble when they do appear, especially if it has worked well in the past.. - Incorrect Unclear in meaning, the last clause should have been just after 'a course of action'.
This would have been the correct form-
An executive who is heavily committed to a course of action, especially if it has worked well in the past, is likely to miss or misinterpret signs of incipient trouble when they do appear.
D. Executives’ being heavily committed to a course of action, especially if it has worked well in the past, makes them likely to miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpreting them when they do appear.- IncorrectThe apostrophe(') after Executive ruins the cake here here . This incorrect sentence seems to imply Something of Executives is heavily committed(which makes no sense) and 'them' now has no clear antecedent.
E. Being heavily committed to a course of action, especially one that has worked well in the past, is likely to make an executive miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpret them when they do appear. - Correct No problems here, which debunks the theory that BEING is automatically wrong on GMAT SC
IMO - E

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Re: Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, [#permalink]

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25 Mar 2013, 15:08
You can see a video explanation here: http://www.gmatpill.com/gmat-practice-t ... stion/2177

Note that usage of "who" in B and C is OK - the issue lies more in the structure of the remaining sentence.

(B) says that "an executive" makes "missing signs of incipient trouble" - which doesn't make sense.

With (C) - the phrase

"especially if it has worked well in the past."

We don't know what "it" refers to here. If anything - "it" should "they" - but even so the meaning of what follows doesn't make sense with the first half of (C).

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Re: Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, [#permalink]

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25 Apr 2013, 07:55
anish123ster wrote:
Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, especially if it has worked well in the past, makes it likely to miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpret them when they do appear.

A. Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, especially if it has worked well in the past, makes it likely to miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpret them when they do appear.
B. An executive who is heavily committed to a course of action, especially one that worked well in the past, makes missing signs of incipient trouble or misinterpreting ones likely when they do appear.
C. An executive who is heavily committed to a course of action is likely to miss or misinterpret signs of incipient trouble when they do appear, especially if it has worked well in the past.
D. Executives’ being heavily committed to a course of action, especially if it has worked well in the past, makes them likely to miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpreting them when they do appear.
E. Being heavily committed to a course of action, especially one that has worked well in the past, is likely to make an executive miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpret them when they do appear.

Edit: carcass

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Re: Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, [#permalink]

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28 Apr 2013, 00:11
This is a great (and rare) case of 'being' used correctly in a GMAT sentence. It can happen...

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Re: Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, [#permalink]

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20 Jun 2013, 00:47
Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, especially if it has worked well in the past, makes it likely to miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpret them when they do appear.

(A) Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, especially if it has worked well in the past, makes it likely to miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpret them when they do appear.
(B) An executive who is heavily committed to a course of action, especially one that worked well in the past, makes missing signs of incipient trouble or misinterpreting ones likely when they do appear.
(C) An executive who is heavily committed to a course of action is likely to miss or misinterpret signs of incipient trouble when they do appear, especially if it has worked well in the past.
(D) Executives’ being heavily committed to a course of action, especially if it has worked well in the past, makes them likely to miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpreting them when they do appear.
(E) Being heavily committed to a course of action, especially one that has worked well in the past, is likely to make an executive miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpret them when they do appear.

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Re: Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, [#permalink]

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08 Jul 2013, 12:55
A question where Being is in the correct option :-O
Had to get it wrong ...
But i think i should stick to the plan of not considering B in the options as the exam is just 10 days away!!!
Nice question though!!
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Re: Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, [#permalink]

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10 Jul 2013, 10:27
marine wrote:
Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, especially if it has worked well in the past, makes it likely to miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpret them when they do appear.
A. Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, especially if it has worked well in the past, makes it likely to miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpret them when they do appear.
B. An executive who is heavily committed to a course of action, especially one that worked well in the past, makes missing signs of incipient trouble or misinterpreting ones likely when they do appear.
C. An executive who is heavily committed to a course of action is likely to miss or misinterpret signs of incipient trouble when they do appear, especially if it has worked well in the past.
D. Executives' being heavily committed to a course of action, especially if it has worked well in the past, makes them likely to miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpreting them when they do appear.
E. Being heavily committed to a course of action, especially one that has worked well in the past, is likely to make an executive miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpret them when they do appear.

Change that OA, Its between B and C, C has the best structure E changes meaning of sentence by making executive incharge

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Re: Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, [#permalink]

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10 Jul 2013, 10:34
docdrizzeally wrote:
marine wrote:
Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, especially if it has worked well in the past, makes it likely to miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpret them when they do appear.
A. Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, especially if it has worked well in the past, makes it likely to miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpret them when they do appear.
B. An executive who is heavily committed to a course of action, especially one that worked well in the past, makes missing signs of incipient trouble or misinterpreting ones likely when they do appear.
C. An executive who is heavily committed to a course of action is likely to miss or misinterpret signs of incipient trouble when they do appear, especially if it has worked well in the past.
D. Executives' being heavily committed to a course of action, especially if it has worked well in the past, makes them likely to miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpreting them when they do appear.
E. Being heavily committed to a course of action, especially one that has worked well in the past, is likely to make an executive miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpret them when they do appear.

Change that OA, Its between B and C, C has the best structure E changes meaning of sentence by making executive incharge

hi mr. doc...
sorry to say but this is an official question...and OA is E.
so if you already taken your GMAT and finished your goal...then just leave ..and if you are preparing for GMAT...just find out where you are wrong..
regards
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Re: Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, [#permalink]

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10 Jul 2013, 10:42
docdrizzeally wrote:

Change that OA, Its between B and C, C has the best structure E changes meaning of sentence by making executive incharge

59 in QA ... :O
never seen someone with this score ...
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Re: Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, [#permalink]

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30 Aug 2013, 08:02
Hi all,

if we go through answer choices, we can drill down to choice E, which seams to be the best one to me:

A) Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, especially if it has worked well in the past, makes it likely to miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpret them when they do appear - examine "makes it likely", where it does not have an antecedent. "it" should have a noun/pronoun antecedent, except when "it" is used as Placeholder, such as "it was raining outside"

B) An executive who is heavily committed to a course of action, especially one that worked well in the past, makes missing signs of incipient trouble or misinterpreting ones likely when they do appear - "makes missing signs" is not a correct form to express what the author meant.

C) An executive who is heavily committed to a course of action is likely to miss or misinterpret signs of incipient trouble when they do appear, especially if it has worked well in the past - examine "if it has worked" part; here, pronoun "it" could refer to either course of action or to incipient trouble. since "it" does not have clear antecedent, we rule out this choice.

D) Executives' being heavily committed to a course of action, especially if it has worked well in the past, makes them likely to miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpreting them when they do appear - look at the phrase "if it has worked"; as in answer choice A, "it" here does not have a noun/pronoun antecedent to refer to. so we rule out this option too.

E) Being heavily committed to a course of action, especially one that has worked well in the past, is likely to make an executive miss signs of incipient trouble or misinterpret them when they do appear. - in this correct answer choice "especially one that has worked well in the past" clearly refers to a course of action and this modifier is correctly placed next to the course of action; "miss signs of incipient trouble" correctly conveys what the author meant; and in the last part of the sentence "misinterpret them when they do appear" - them and they both clearly refer to "signs", because these pronouns are plural and only "signs" are plural in the sentence, so "them/they" can not refer to anything else, such as "course of action", "executive" or "incipient trouble".

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Re: Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, [#permalink]

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30 Aug 2013, 10:08
vasild wrote:
Ritesh, I actually believe that "Being heavily committed to a course of action" in E serves as a noun phrase and as a subject, not as a modifier.

(The state of) being heavily comitted is likely to cause ...

Yes - that's the way to think about the usage of "being" - add the words "the state of" or "the act of" in front of it and see if it makes sense.

This is a good example of when the usage of the word "being" is actually used in the correct answer of a GMAT question. Most of the time, we call it a "red flag" word - it's not necessarily wrong, but you should look elsewhere first.

But this question fits the rare situation that would allow the usage of "being" to be correct.

You can see more details about "being" as a red flag word - and specific situations in which it is actually correct by looking at this PDF: http://www.gmatpill.com/ebook/GMATPill- ... atclub.pdf

Also, we've posted a video explanation for this question here (click show answer): http://www.gmatpill.com/gmat-practice-t ... stion/2177

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Re: Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, [#permalink]

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11 Sep 2013, 23:24
I myself not favor rejection of 'being' just like that.

BEING is VERBING of the verb BE.

My query pertains to FACT that although option (C). as unclear pronoun antecedent for "IT", I found (E). not interesting either because 'BEING' is an INITIAL MODIFIER and should modify the following subject , but the sentence doesn't have a following subject.

Being heavily committed to a course of action,is likely to make an

Who is BEING HEAVILY COMMITTED ???

I know we have to take best option in SC. However, a discussion will enhance our knowledge and what GMAC thinks

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Re: Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, [#permalink]

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11 Sep 2013, 23:37
I chose E, and it is the correct one.

By the way, in D, is there an apostrophe in the word "Executives"?

C should be rejected because of "it" being ambiguous.

D has no ambiguity problem, but the construction is so awkward.
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Re: Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, [#permalink]

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14 Sep 2013, 08:36
TGC wrote:
I myself not favor rejection of 'being' just like that.

BEING is VERBING of the verb BE.

My query pertains to FACT that although option (C). as unclear pronoun antecedent for "IT", I found (E). not interesting either because 'BEING' is an INITIAL MODIFIER and should modify the following subject , but the sentence doesn't have a following subject.

Being heavily committed to a course of action,is likely to make an

Who is BEING HEAVILY COMMITTED ???

I know we have to take best option in SC. However, a discussion will enhance our knowledge and what GMAC thinks

Rgds,
TGC!

You have to be careful with present participles (-ing verb forms). Present participles are verbs when they have a helping verb, modifiers, or nouns (gerunds). In choice E, 'Being heavily committed' is a noun phrase led by the gerund 'Being'. That noun phrase is the subject of the sentence, not a leading modifier.

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Re: Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, [#permalink]

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14 Sep 2013, 09:53
HarishLearner wrote:
I chose E, and it is the correct one.

By the way, in D, is there an apostrophe in the word "Executives"?

C should be rejected because of "it" being ambiguous.

D has no ambiguity problem, but the construction is so awkward.

There is an apostrophe on Executives' in answer choice D. 'Being heavily committed to a course of action' is a noun phrase and it is the executives who are heavily committed so we use the possessive form of executives - 'Executive's being heavily committed'. This is probably more easily seen if we use a simpler construction - "Executives' heavy commitment". The 'heavy commitment' is the noun and executives needs the possessive.

The real problem with D is the antecedent shift with "them". The first "them" refers back to executives but the second "them" refers to signs. You can't shift antecedents with pronouns in the same sentence.

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Re: Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action, [#permalink]

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14 Sep 2013, 21:23
KyleWiddison wrote:
HarishLearner wrote:
I chose E, and it is the correct one.

By the way, in D, is there an apostrophe in the word "Executives"?

C should be rejected because of "it" being ambiguous.

D has no ambiguity problem, but the construction is so awkward.

There is an apostrophe on Executives' in answer choice D. 'Being heavily committed to a course of action' is a noun phrase and it is the executives who are heavily committed so we use the possessive form of executives - 'Executive's being heavily committed'. This is probably more easily seen if we use a simpler construction - "Executives' heavy commitment". The 'heavy commitment' is the noun and executives needs the possessive.

The real problem with D is the antecedent shift with "them". The first "them" refers back to executives but the second "them" refers to signs. You can't shift antecedents with pronouns in the same sentence.

KW

Thanks a lot for pointing out the error in D.
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GMAT Prep : Critical Reasoning Decoded

Kudos [?]: 7 [0], given: 5

Re: Heavy commitment by an executive to a course of action,   [#permalink] 14 Sep 2013, 21:23

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