It is currently 23 Jun 2017, 22:18

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# Heightened land erosion, caused by human activity, has many

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Intern
Joined: 09 Jun 2011
Posts: 5
Heightened land erosion, caused by human activity, has many [#permalink]

### Show Tags

06 Mar 2012, 23:57
00:00

Difficulty:

(N/A)

Question Stats:

60% (01:02) correct 40% (00:46) wrong based on 5 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

Heightened land erosion, caused by human activity, has many negative effects including the following: algae blooms, coral reef destruction, imbalance of the fish population, and the introduction of harmful chemicals to the ocean's environment.

A) including the following: algae blooms, coral reef destruction, imbalance of the fish population, and the introduction of harmful chemicals to the ocean's environment.
B) including: algae blooms, coral reef destruction, imbalance of the fish population, and harmful chemicals entering the ocean's environment.
C) including: algae blooms, coral reef destruction, imbalance of the fish population, and the introduction of harmful chemicals to the ocean's environment.
D) including the following: algae blooms, coral reef destruction, imbalance of the fish population, and harmful chemicals entering the ocean’s environment.
E) including the following: algae blooms, coral reef destruction, certain fish populations rising, certain fish populations falling, and the introduction of harmful chemicals to the ocean’s environment.

I am not getting difference between "including the following :" and "including :"
already including with colon is there so why is the use of following?

Gmatclub buddies help
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
Intern
Joined: 28 Jan 2012
Posts: 47
Re: why including the following with colon(:)? (SC) [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 Mar 2012, 02:23
Before colon , you need a main clause. That's the reason.
SVP
Joined: 14 Apr 2009
Posts: 2085
Location: New York, NY
Re: why including the following with colon(:)? (SC) [#permalink]

### Show Tags

25 Mar 2012, 20:22
If you use "including" which is a verb, it should have an object after it...including what? WIth a colon, you can't just end it with a verb...the phrase on the left side of the colon would be incomplete. "Including the following" works better because it wraps up the phrase. Then on the right side of the colon, you can list out the item list.
Re: why including the following with colon(:)? (SC)   [#permalink] 25 Mar 2012, 20:22
Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
1 Some Republicans concede that climate change caused by human activity 2 14 Jul 2015, 12:33
Human activity on the continent of Antarctica 12 31 Mar 2015, 01:43
13 Heightened land erosion, caused by human activity, has many 13 30 Apr 2017, 06:34
22 Heightened land erosion, caused by human activity, has many 27 08 Dec 2015, 21:42
30 Heightened land erosion, caused by human activity, has many 19 20 Aug 2015, 10:14
Display posts from previous: Sort by