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# Help ,,,,, Common Errors of Reasoning Explaind

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Manager
Joined: 15 Jan 2013
Posts: 57

Kudos [?]: 37 [0], given: 10

Help ,,,,, Common Errors of Reasoning Explaind [#permalink]

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12 Apr 2014, 13:57
I couldn't understand this part of the power score book "CR".

Common Errors of Reasoning explained -
1) Uncertain Use of a Term or Concept

As an argument progresses, the author must use each term in a constant,
coherent fashion. Using a term in different ways is inherently confusing and
undermines the integrity of the argument.

Here is an example:
“Some people claim that the values that this country was built on are
now being ignored by modern-day corporations. But this is incorrect.
Corporations are purely profit-driven enterprises, beholden only to their
shareholders, and as such they can only assess objects based on their
value.”

The term “value” is used in the example above in two different senses: first in a
moral or ethical sense and then in a monetary sense. This shift in meaning
undermines the author’s position. (I agree till this point).

This type od answer choice appears more frequently as an incorrect answer than any other type ( I thought that was the stimulus not the answer ..!!! ) . Here are examples of how this error of reasoning can be described in answer choices:
“depending on the ambiguous use of a key term”
“it confuses two different meanings of the word ‘solve’ ”
“relies on interpreting a key term in two different ways”
“equivocates with respect to a central concept”
“allows a key term to shift in meaning from one use to the next”
“fails to define the term”

my Question is .... is this example " Some people claim that the values that this country was built on are
now being ignored by modern........" the stimulus or the answer choice ???? and where are the answers examples ???

Kudos [?]: 37 [0], given: 10

Magoosh GMAT Instructor
Joined: 13 Nov 2013
Posts: 222

Kudos [?]: 176 [0], given: 28

Re: Help ,,,,, Common Errors of Reasoning Explaind [#permalink]

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21 Apr 2014, 12:01
Howdy Shagalo,

I think I can help a little!

shagalo wrote:
my Question is .... is this example " Some people claim that the values that this country was built on are
now being ignored by modern........" the stimulus or the answer choice ???? and where are the answers examples ???

That seems to be the stimulus. That is, you are presented with the argument that you might have to evaluate. I can't give you a definitive answer, though, since I don't have the book.

I think ultimately, they are trying to show what types of flaws appear in arguments, and then present you with answer choices that would point out the flaw. I am not sure how useful that portion of the book is, but I do know that this is an error that pops up in arguments, especially in the AWA. The essay that you will write might be a perfect place to talk about this type of flaw.

I apologize that I couldn't be more helpful. I wanted to at least provide you with some response, though.

Happy studying!
_________________

Kevin Rocci
Magoosh Test Prep

Kudos [?]: 176 [0], given: 28

Re: Help ,,,,, Common Errors of Reasoning Explaind   [#permalink] 21 Apr 2014, 12:01
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