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# heres a good one! 20. The overall slackening of growth in

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CEO
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heres a good one! 20. The overall slackening of growth in [#permalink]

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25 Aug 2003, 16:23
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heres a good one!

20. The overall slackening of growth in productivity is influenced less by government regulation, although that is significant for specific industries like mining, than <the coming to an end of> a period of rapid growth in agricultural productivity.

(A) the coming to an end of
(B) the ending of
(C) by the coming to an end of
(D) by ending
(E) by the end of

heres my attempt

To be parallel, the second half of the sentence needs to have "by"

So A, B out.

D doesnt make sense....by ending a period ....who ended the period??.

Next..We can try to convert the sentence to active voice and see where we go..excuse me if the sentences are not as elegant.

Rapid growth in agricultural productivity is coming to an end, influencing the slackening of growth in productivity more than government regulation has.

The end of rapid growth in agricultural productivity influenced the slackening of growth in agricultural productivity more than government regulations did.

Well, we realised one thing....influenced means that the action is complete

And so "the end of growth" is better usage..because

Another point , the sentence can use influence by adding "being" to the front of it...""being influenced ""suggests continuity. In that case...C would be perfect

i have tried to write down my thought process..it may sound clumsy..so please bear with me.

My Answer : E

Any suggestions?

Please explain your choice. Its helps a good discussion.

Thanks
Praetorian

[/b]
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26 Aug 2003, 06:40
I like E for your reasons above.

I would like it even better if you underlined you sentences.
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26 Aug 2003, 07:33
I narrowed the choices to C and E pretty much for the same reasons stated above.

From those two I would go for C. I am not so sure about this, but somehow the process of growth coming to an end sounds better than just "the end" of it.
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26 Aug 2003, 14:57
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MartinMag wrote:
I narrowed the choices to C and E pretty much for the same reasons stated above.

From those two I would go for C. I am not so sure about this, but somehow the process of growth coming to an end sounds better than just "the end" of it.

The Answer is C.

by X and by Y

X= Government regulation

Y = "the coming" to an end

X is a noun here and so Y has to be a noun

Coming is a gerund acting as a noun.

Thanks
Praetorian
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31 Aug 2003, 07:43
the very same rationale can be applied to E, which is less wordy by the way.
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31 Aug 2003, 12:24
stolyar wrote:
the very same rationale can be applied to E, which is less wordy by the way.

if the sentence mentioned "slackened"..."the end" would be right.
but we need "coming" to convey the right idea. slackening is still in progress...and it is influenced by the coming to an end of...

Thanks
Praetorian
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Re: SC - Slackening Of growth---Tough One? [#permalink]

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21 Aug 2010, 13:42
OK I picked E..and scrolled down ... I saw Praetorian answer ...I ....then I saw the OA .
.and i .....yeh kya ho raha hai .. this SC part shows no mercy ... I thought may be at 2 at night .. I will have some respite but does not help goodnight everbdy ..
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Re: SC - Slackening Of growth---Tough One? [#permalink]

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21 Aug 2010, 14:58
Praetorian wrote:
heres a good one!

20. The overall slackening of growth in productivity is influenced less by government regulation, although that is significant for specific industries like mining, than <the coming to an end of> a period of rapid growth in agricultural productivity.

(A) the coming to an end of
(B) the ending of
(C) by the coming to an end of
(D) by ending
(E) by the end of

[/b]

What is the source of this question? The non-underlined portion contains one definite and one likely error.

The use of like is incorrect. Like is used to make a comparison, but the sentence is not comparing specific industries to mining. Mining is an example. We use such as to give an example.

The pronoun that has no clear antecedent. To refer to government regulation, the GMAT writers would use the pronoun which or perhaps the phrase such regulation.

Make sure your study materials follow the same rules as those followed on the GMAT. Otherwise, you could fall into some bad habits!

Mitch Hunt
GMAT tutor and instructor
New York, NY
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Re: SC - Slackening Of growth---Tough One? [#permalink]

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21 Aug 2010, 17:39
Even I got it wrong got stuck between C and E and I selected E
Thanks for the solution Praetorian liked it given you a Kudos as well....!!!
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Re: SC - Slackening Of growth---Tough One? [#permalink]

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22 Aug 2010, 10:22
by noun(govt. regulation ) than by noun ( the end)

" " than by ending ( present participle) so not parallel

so ans should be E
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Re: SC - Slackening Of growth---Tough One? [#permalink]

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23 Aug 2010, 01:42
Was down to C and E , picked C
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Re: SC - Slackening Of growth---Tough One? [#permalink]

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23 Aug 2010, 02:26
Hi,

Can we have the OA please??

~
Sony
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Re: SC - Slackening Of growth---Tough One?   [#permalink] 23 Aug 2010, 02:26
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# heres a good one! 20. The overall slackening of growth in

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