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Herman Pontzer did the first ever comparative measurements of the bone

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Herman Pontzer did the first ever comparative measurements of the bone  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Mar 2019, 06:54
12
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A
B
C
D
E

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  95% (hard)

Question Stats:

40% (01:48) correct 60% (01:46) wrong based on 259 sessions

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Herman Pontzer did the first ever comparative measurements of the bone structure of variety of African apes, which showed that human bone structure is essentially the same as that of an ape’s, having the exception of human pelvis that in becoming shorter, broader, and more bowl shaped supported erect posture and efficient bipedal locomotion.


A. which showed that human bone structure is essentially the same as that of an ape’s, having the exception of human pelvis that in becoming shorter, broader, and more bowl shaped supported

B. which showing that human bone structure is essentially the same as an ape, showed the exception of human pelvis that became shorter, broader, and more bowl shaped, supporting

C. which showed that human bone structure is essentially the same as that of an ape, with the exception of human pelvis that has become shorter, broader, and more bowl shaped to support

D. a study showing that human bone structure is essentially the same as that of an ape, and it had an exceptional human pelvis that became shorter, broader, and more bowl shaped, supporting

E. a study that showed that human bone structure is essentially the same as an ape’s, the only exception being the human pelvis that became shorter, broader, and more bowl shaped and supported
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Herman Pontzer did the first ever comparative measurements of the bone  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Mar 2019, 07:32
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Herman Pontzer did the first ever comparative measurements of the bone structure of variety of African apes, which showed that human bone structure is essentially the same as that of an ape’s, having the exception of human pelvis that in becoming shorter, broader, and more bowl shaped supported erect posture and efficient bipedal locomotion.

Let's find the definite errors

a. "which" is smelly. So many ofofofofof make us confused. What exactly "which" modifies ? measurements. Touch rule works here as those words after measurements with ofofofof cannot go anywhere in the sentence. Therefore, "which" looks fine here.
b. "that of an ape's" is wrong. bone structure of an ape's bone structure? what the heck.
c. "in becoming" is wrong. we have modifier "that" already. redundancy.
d. "more bowl shaped supported"... what is it? the meaning is not clear.

Let's eliminate diligently anything related to the error analysis and focus on meaning for the remainder

A. which showed that human bone structure is essentially the same as that of an ape’s, having the exception of human pelvis that in becoming shorter, broader, and more bowl shaped supported
Wrong as per error analysis

B. which showing that human bone structure is essentially the same as an ape, showed the exception of human pelvis that became shorter, broader, and more bowl shaped, supporting
bone structure vs. ape ? wrong comparison.

C. which showed that human bone structure is essentially the same as that of an ape, with the exception of human pelvis that has become shorter, broader, and more bowl shaped to support
All the errors are removed and the meaning is clear.

D. a study showing that human bone structure is essentially the same as that of an ape, and it had an exceptional human pelvis that became shorter, broader, and more bowl shaped, supporting
"it" implies human bone structure grammatically. "human bone structure had an exceptional human pelvis?" hell no. we are talking about an ape here.
"exceptional" completely changes the intended meaning of the sentence.

Noun modifier "a study" looks good though.

E. a study that showed that human bone structure is essentially the same as an ape’s, the only exception being the human pelvis that became shorter, broader, and more bowl shaped and supported
the only exception... and more bowl shaped and supported --> the intended meaning is distorted

Kudo me if you find it helpful!
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Re: Herman Pontzer did the first ever comparative measurements of the bone  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Mar 2019, 23:57
kookies wrote:
C. which showed that human bone structure is essentially the same as that of an ape, with the exception of human pelvis that has become shorter, broader, and more bowl shaped to support
The "correct" option itself has errors. Where did you find this question?
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Re: Herman Pontzer did the first ever comparative measurements of the bone  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Mar 2019, 04:44
AjiteshArun
the question is from E-gmat.
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Re: Herman Pontzer did the first ever comparative measurements of the bone  [#permalink]

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New post 15 Mar 2019, 04:55
kookies wrote:
AjiteshArun
the question is from E-gmat.
Have you typed the question out correctly? Even the non-underlined portion needs a little bit of work.
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Re: Herman Pontzer did the first ever comparative measurements of the bone  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Mar 2019, 07:11
AjiteshArun

Questions are typed correctly as they were just copied and pasted. not a hand-writing. Can you please elaborate what is the problem of the question? If it makes sense, I will ask E-gmat for any correction.
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Re: Herman Pontzer did the first ever comparative measurements of the bone  [#permalink]

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New post 18 Mar 2019, 19:27
Why does the correct answer require the use of the past perfect tense? What other event happened?
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Re: Herman Pontzer did the first ever comparative measurements of the bone  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Mar 2019, 01:48
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dereksantamonica

Quote:
Why does the correct answer require the use of the past perfect tense? What other event happened?


Not sure if you understood tenses correctly.
OA i.e. C uses Present perfect (has become) correctly.
It denotes action from the past whose effect is still present.

Did and showed are simple past tenses.

Happy study prep. :)
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Re: Herman Pontzer did the first ever comparative measurements of the bone  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Mar 2019, 01:14
Which after comma modifies the immediate noun before comma.But why this rule is not applicable here? Please answer.GMATNinja

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Re: Herman Pontzer did the first ever comparative measurements of the bone  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Mar 2019, 02:16
same question as @roarnab...How can the correct answer contain which?
Between D and E seems the better to me
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Re: Herman Pontzer did the first ever comparative measurements of the bone  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Mar 2019, 13:58
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Can someone please explain when "which" can reach back behind modifying phrases (of) and not obey the "touch rule"? Thanks.
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Re: Herman Pontzer did the first ever comparative measurements of the bone   [#permalink] 20 Mar 2019, 13:58
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Herman Pontzer did the first ever comparative measurements of the bone

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