GMAT Question of the Day: Daily via email | Daily via Instagram New to GMAT Club? Watch this Video

 It is currently 29 Feb 2020, 03:10

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# High school students who feel that they are not succeeding in school

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Manager
Joined: 11 Jan 2007
Posts: 173
Location: Bangkok
High school students who feel that they are not succeeding in school  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

Updated on: 28 Feb 2019, 20:14
4
2
21
00:00

Difficulty:

(N/A)

Question Stats:

66% (01:39) correct 34% (01:55) wrong based on 1246 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

High school students who feel that they are not succeeding in school often drop out before graduating and go to work. Last year, however, the cityâ€™s high school dropout rate was significantly lower than the previous yearâ€™s rate. This is encouraging evidence that the program instituted two years ago to improve the morale of high school students has begun to take effect to reduce dropouts.

Which one of the following, if true about the last year, most seriously weakens the argument?

(A) There was a recession that caused a high level or unemployment in the city.

(B) The morale of students who dropped out of high school had been low even before they reached high school.

(C) As in the preceding year, more high school students remained in school than dropped out.

(D) High schools in the city established placement offices to assist their graduates in obtaining employment.

(E) The antidropout program was primarily aimed at improving studentsâ€™ morale in those high schools with the highest dropout rates.

Originally posted by jet1445 on 16 Mar 2007, 08:01.
Last edited by Bunuel on 28 Feb 2019, 20:14, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
Retired Moderator
Joined: 14 Dec 2013
Posts: 2837
Location: Germany
Schools: German MBA
GMAT 1: 780 Q50 V47
WE: Corporate Finance (Pharmaceuticals and Biotech)
Re: High school students who feel that they are not succeeding in school  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 Feb 2017, 12:57
5
urhowig wrote:
Between A and D, which one is the correct answer ?

Premise: a new program was implemented two years ago. (X)
Conclusion: drop out rates reduced. (Y)
The argument is X caused Y.

Option A weakens the argument by stating that something else, recession (Z) caused Y, thereby weakening the argument X caused Y.

Option D may present a reason that the drop out rate is reduced , but it attacks the conclusion (Y) in isolation and has no bearing with the premise (X) - it does not attack the link between the premise and conclusion (i.e does not attack the argument X caused Y) and thus is not the right answer.

##### General Discussion
Manager
Joined: 06 Mar 2014
Posts: 219
Location: India
GMAT Date: 04-30-2015
Re: High school students who feel that they are not succeeding in school  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

06 Nov 2014, 04:02
1
LaxAvenger wrote:
Got to this nice CR question in the PowerScore Bible:

High school students who feel that they are not succeeding in high school often drop out before graduating and go to work. Last year, however, the city's high school dropout rate was significantly lower than the previous year's rate. This is encouraging evidence that the program instituted two years ago to improve the morale of high school students has begun to take effect to reduce dropouts.

Which one of the following, if true about the last year, most seriously weakens the argument?

(A) There was a recession that caused a high level of unemployment in the city.
(B) The morale of students who dropped out of high school had been low even before they reached high school.
(C) As in the preceding year, more high school students remained in school than dropped out.
(D) High schools in the city established placement offices to assist their graduates in obtaining employment.
(E) The antidropout program was primarily aimed at improving students' morale in those high schools with the highest dropout rates.

Given that Option A implies: Unemployment rises -> Cant afford child education -> hence child drops out of school.

But are we not assuming too much, out of scope of the passage that unemployment leads to crisis at home and inability to support child education??

The correct weakener should provide an alternate reason that shows that it was NOT the antidropout program but some other factor that lead to a fall in drop-out.

IMO Option E implies that though the program was Primarily aimed at improving students' morale in those high schools with the highest dropout rates, the overall number for all schools that year was reduced which could be due to some other factor where the program was not really aimed at.
Verbal Forum Moderator
Status: Greatness begins beyond your comfort zone
Joined: 08 Dec 2013
Posts: 2455
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Strategy
Schools: Kelley '20, ISB '19
GPA: 3.2
WE: Information Technology (Consulting)
Re: High school students who feel that they are not succeeding in school  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

27 Feb 2017, 10:03
1
1
The argument concludes that a program instituted two years ago to increase morale has ultimately caused the recent decrease in high school dropouts.

correct answer, (A), falls into one of the most frequently occurring of those categories: the alternate cause.
(A): This is the correct answer. The answer attacks the conclusion by introducing an alternate cause: it was not the morale program that led to a decrease in high dropouts, but rather the fact that no jobs were available for individuals contemplating dropping out of high school. The job availability factor is important because the first sentence of the stimulus indicates that high school students who drop out go to work. Thus, if a recession led to a high level of unemployment, this could cause high school students to rethink
dropping out and stay in school
(B): At best, this answer confirms that some of the high school students had a low morale, and in that sense, the answer strengthens the argument. At worst, the answer choice is irrelevant.
(C): The argument indicates that the dropout rate is lower relative to the preceding year; there is no claim that the dropout rate
ever exceeded the retention rate. Thus, to suggest that more students stayed in school than dropped out has no effect on the argument.
(D): iSWAT - The stimulus refers to high school dropouts. This answer choice refers to high school graduates.
(E): The argument uses information about the city’s overall dropout rate. Therefore, the target high schools of the anti-dropout program are irrelevant.
_________________
When everything seems to be going against you, remember that the airplane takes off against the wind, not with it. - Henry Ford
The Moment You Think About Giving Up, Think Of The Reason Why You Held On So Long
Manager
Joined: 05 Dec 2016
Posts: 230
Concentration: Strategy, Finance
GMAT 1: 620 Q46 V29
Re: High school students who feel that they are not succeeding in school  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 Feb 2017, 06:30
1
This one is cause & effect.
New program (x) encouraged students not to give up school and seek for a job, but to stay and graduate that led to a decrease in dropout rate (y).
Our goal is to find another reason for (y) to happen, answer "A" gives a clear reason (y) to happen due to a high unemployment rate in the city, thus students simply couldn't find a job and had no any other options but to stay at school and proceed with studying.
Very decent question.
Manager
Joined: 22 Feb 2007
Posts: 116
Re: High school students who feel that they are not succeeding in school  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 Mar 2007, 02:52
A casts doubt on the effectiveness of the program by providing an alternative reason for reduction in drop out rates. High unemployment might result in students staying back at school as they cannot find jobs outside.
Hence A
Retired Moderator
Joined: 05 Sep 2010
Posts: 610
Re: High school students who feel that they are not succeeding in school  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

05 Nov 2014, 01:56
2
A it is: There was a recession that caused a high level of unemployment in the city----------->to weaken the conclusion just provide the alternate reason. this is exactly what A does
Intern
Joined: 31 Jul 2015
Posts: 29
Location: India
Re: High school students who feel that they are not succeeding in school  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

07 Feb 2017, 08:56
Between A and D, which one is the correct answer ?
_________________
Never give up !
Director
Joined: 04 Sep 2015
Posts: 675
Location: India
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Re: High school students who feel that they are not succeeding in school  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

08 Feb 2017, 08:55
(A) There was a recession that caused a high level or unemployment in the city.
The answer choice provides an alternate reason for the chnage and thus weakens the argument by stating that the program was not the reason for the low dropout rates.

(B) The morale of students who dropped out of high school had been low even before they reached high school.
the answer choice tries to undermine the effects of the program but as the argument specifies that students drop out of high school and the program aims to boost the moral of the highschool students the choice is addressing the wrong segment of studnets thus out of scope.

(C) As in the preceding year, more high school students remained in school than dropped out.
this does not mean that the students remained in the high school because of the program

(D) High schools in the city established placement offices to assist their graduates in obtaining employment.
The point states that the high school established placement offices but fails to mention the quality of jobs provided and weather the jobs provided by the palcement offices were the same jobs as the droppouts were doing already or were better paid and therfore this anser choice may not be correct completely and therfore does not form the code for the weakiening of the argument.

(E) The antidropout program was primarily aimed at improving studentsâ€™ morale in those high schools with the highest dropout rates.
the answer choice does not weakens the argument but only provide more stats.
Manager
Status: Gmat lover
Joined: 27 Mar 2017
Posts: 82
Location: India
Schools: IIMA , IIMA PGPX"18
GMAT 1: 710 Q49 V39
GPA: 3.91
Re: High school students who feel that they are not succeeding in school  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

17 May 2017, 02:42
As in the preceding year, more high school students remained in school than dropped out.
why C is wrong??
GMAT Club Verbal Expert
Status: GMAT and GRE tutors
Joined: 13 Aug 2009
Posts: 3172
Location: United States (CO)
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
GMAT 2: 800 Q51 V51
GRE 1: Q170 V170

GRE 2: Q170 V170
Re: High school students who feel that they are not succeeding in school  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

20 May 2017, 17:34
guptarahul wrote:
As in the preceding year, more high school students remained in school than dropped out.
why C is wrong??

Quote:
(C) As in the preceding year, more high school students remained in school than dropped out.

Choice (C) only tells us that, in each year, more high school students remained than dropped out, but it doesn't tell us if the number of dropouts increased, decreased, or remained the same from one year to the next. For example, perhaps 4000 students remained and 1000 dropped out last year (consistent with the information given in choice (C)). If 1500 students dropped out and 2500 remained the preceding year, this evidence would support the argument that the program is reducing dropouts. Since we don't know the exact numbers, we don't know whether choice (C) weakens or strengthens the argument.
_________________
GMAT/GRE tutors @ www.gmatninja.com (we're hiring!) | GMAT Club Verbal Expert | Instagram | Blog | Bad at PMs

Beginners' guides to GMAT verbal: RC | CR | SC

YouTube LIVE verbal webinars: all videos by topic

SC articles & resources: How to go from great (760) to incredible (780) on GMAT SC | That "-ing" Word Probably Isn't a Verb | That "-ed" Word Might Not Be a Verb, Either | No-BS Guide to GMAT Idioms | "Being" is not the enemy | WTF is "that" doing in my sentence?

RC, CR, and other articles & resources: All GMAT Ninja articles on GMAT Club | Using LSAT for GMAT CR & RC |7 reasons why your actual GMAT scores don't match your practice test scores | How to get 4 additional "fake" GMAT Prep tests for \$29.99 | Time management on verbal

SC & CR Questions of the Day (QOTDs), featuring expert explanations: All QOTDs | Subscribe via email | RSS

Need an expert reply? Hit the request verbal experts' reply button; be specific about your question, and tag @GMATNinja. Priority is always given to official GMAT questions.
Senior Manager
Joined: 10 Aug 2018
Posts: 340
Location: India
Concentration: Strategy, Operations
WE: Operations (Energy and Utilities)
Re: High school students who feel that they are not succeeding in school  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

26 Jul 2019, 03:19
(D) High schools in the city established placement offices to assist their graduates in obtaining employment.

IMO D could very well be the right answer as it's a lucrative offer for students if they stay and do not drop out. Hence, the drop rates reduced.
_________________
On the way to get into the B-school and I will not leave it until I win. WHATEVER IT TAKES.

" I CAN AND I WILL"
Manager
Joined: 13 Nov 2018
Posts: 134
Location: India
GMAT 1: 700 Q51 V32
Re: High school students who feel that they are not succeeding in school  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

28 Jul 2019, 01:48
A casts a doubt on the conclusion stating that because of recession in market, students could not find employment before they graduated and hence drop out rate was less last year

Correct :OA
VP
Joined: 14 Feb 2017
Posts: 1369
Location: Australia
Concentration: Technology, Strategy
GMAT 1: 560 Q41 V26
GMAT 2: 550 Q43 V23
GMAT 3: 650 Q47 V33
GMAT 4: 650 Q44 V36
GMAT 5: 650 Q48 V31
GMAT 6: 600 Q38 V35
GMAT 7: 710 Q47 V41
GPA: 3
WE: Management Consulting (Consulting)
Re: High school students who feel that they are not succeeding in school  [#permalink]

### Show Tags

12 Dec 2019, 21:26
A basically says that students who would have otherwise dropped out to attain work didn't have that option as there was a recession. So it's not that the program was successful, but that the kids who wanted to dropout for work didn't have that option.
_________________
Here's how I went from 430 to 710, and how you can do it yourself:
Re: High school students who feel that they are not succeeding in school   [#permalink] 12 Dec 2019, 21:26
Display posts from previous: Sort by