Hiram Bingham, explorer and professor of South American : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# Hiram Bingham, explorer and professor of South American

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Hiram Bingham, explorer and professor of South American [#permalink]

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08 Jul 2012, 06:57
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Question Stats:

62% (01:37) correct 38% (00:47) wrong based on 110 sessions

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Hiram Bingham, explorer and professor of South American history, first crossed the Andes
Mountains in February 1909, the wettest month of the year, which makes his travels difficult.

a) which makes his travels difficult
c) which should have made his travels difficult
d) because it made his travels difficult
e) making his travels difficult

Can someone help me on this one..?
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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08 Jul 2012, 07:24
The relative pronouns- which and that - referring to the year are wrong ; A, B and C gone. In D, no one can say, what it stands for - whether month or the year? In any case, both are wrong; The present participial and adverbial modifier - making his travels – solves the modification issue amicably. E is the answer
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08 Jul 2012, 07:53
nikhil007 wrote:
Hiram Bingham, explorer and professor of South American history, first crossed the Andes
Mountains in February 1909, the wettest month of the year, which makes his travels difficult.

a) which makes his travels difficult
c) which should have made his travels difficult
d) because it made his travels difficult
e) making his travels difficult

Can someone help me on this one..?

Looking at the question, you can see that the two events crossing of the Andes mountain and the wettest month which made his travel difficult should be in continuity, i.e. one should follow the other.

a) which makes his travels difficult (makes bring this into present, so can be easily left out because even happened in 1909)
b) that had made his travels difficult (had made his travel difficult, implies that this happened before he crossed the Andes Mountain, makes it absurd)
c) which should have made his travels difficult (We are not contemplating whether wetter month made it difficult, so neglected)
d) because it made his travels difficult (antecedent of "it" is unclear, it can refer to wettest month or to the Andes mountain, so neglected)
e) making his travels difficult (continuous tense after the past, logically follows because it shows the continuity and one event happened after the other, so accepted)
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08 Jul 2012, 07:54
daagh wrote:
The relative pronouns- which and that - referring to the year are wrong

wow new rule learnt...thanks..
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Defeat is not final when you fall down…
It is final when you refuse to get up and fight back!

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08 Jul 2012, 08:44
nikhil007 wrote:
daagh wrote:
The relative pronouns- which and that - referring to the year are wrong

wow new rule learnt...thanks..

is not difficult think about that.

Which directly refers to the previous pronoun so in this case is NOT the year that makes the things difficult but the mounth february. is logic.

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Re: Hiram Bingham, explorer and professor of South American [#permalink]

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10 Sep 2016, 10:10
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: Hiram Bingham, explorer and professor of South American   [#permalink] 10 Sep 2016, 10:10
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