His campaign for sanitary conditions in operating rooms : GMAT Sentence Correction (SC)
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# His campaign for sanitary conditions in operating rooms

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His campaign for sanitary conditions in operating rooms [#permalink]

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16 Jun 2008, 07:53
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His campaign for sanitary conditions in operating rooms finally successful, Sir Joseph Lister lent his name to the company that developed Listerine, the first antibacterial liquid.

(A) His campaign for sanitary conditions in operating rooms finally successful
(B) Since his campaign for sanitary conditions in operating rooms had been eventually successful
(C) Because of the eventual success of his campaigning for sanitary conditions in operating rooms
(D) His campaign for sanitary conditions in operating rooms being eventually successful
(E) Campaigning, eventually successfully, for conditions to be sanitary in operating rooms
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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17 Jun 2008, 00:00
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aviator83 wrote:
IMO (A) is correct as (A) uses absolute phrase construction.
And by POE also i think (A) is the only good choice.
Nice question Namurad. +1

Thanks aviator. Yes A is the correct choice. I came across such a question for the first time. Tomorrow is my D-Day and I am still coming across new concepts. Damn this SC. New day..new concept. :d
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Re: SC - Campaign for sanitary conditions [#permalink]

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18 Jun 2008, 09:28
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His campaign for sanitary conditions in operating rooms [#permalink]

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25 Jul 2015, 21:21
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Expert's post
bagdbmba wrote:
And is it an Official Question ?

P.S: Any Other Verbal Experts in the Club - feel free to shed light. Thank you!

Hi bagdbmba,

I'd be happy to chime in here:

For easy reference, here's the question again:
His campaign for sanitary conditions in operating rooms finally successful, Sir Joseph Lister lent his name to the company that developed Listerine, the first antibacterial liquid.
(A) His campaign for sanitary conditions in operating rooms finally successful
(B) Since his campaign for sanitary conditions in operating rooms had been eventually successful
(C) Because of the eventual success of his campaigning for sanitary conditions in operating rooms
(D) His campaign for sanitary conditions in operating rooms being eventually successful
(E) Campaigning, eventually successfully, for conditions to be sanitary in operating rooms

User Response Data: A 23% B 33% C 22% D 14% E 7%

The Source, and The Bigger GMAT Picture
This is a very odd question. Official GMAT questions are designed so that the right answer gets more votes than any other, there will be a runner-up option, and 3 lesser selected options. Here, there are TWO options either at par or even more selected than the right answer. That makes me a little skeptical that this is an official question (although I could not confirm a source, so we have to leave in the possibility that it’s official). At Beat the GMAT, it's cited as a Princeton Review question, but after Googling the question, I saw that GMAT Pill appears to be offering the question on its platform too. Very unclear.

Analysis:
Now to the question: what is the author trying to convey? Sir Joseph Lister’s campaign for sanitary conditions in operating rooms was finally successful (implying a challenge). At which point, he lent his name to the company that developed Listerine.

Options A, B, and C, received about 80% of the vote, so our discussion needs to center on options A, B, and C.
In the original sentence, check out this clause that appears before the comma. Notice that it serves as a modifier. With modifiers, we can use something we call the What Is/Who is? test. Whose campaign was finally successful? What does that clause modify? Sir Joseph Lister. That modifier is correct. It was Joseph Lister’s campaign.

When we’re dealing with modifiers, chucking the filler provides amazing clarity, especially with awkward sentences like this.
Dump the filler: His campaign successful, Joseph Lister lent his name. Totally fine. Although the original sentence sounds AWFUL to the ears and looks HORRENDOUS to the eyes, it’s amazing how the filler can contort things to make the good sound bad. The option is just fine.

Now to B (which is the most selected option):
Since – Since slightly alters the author’s intentions. “Since” implies that lending his name was dependent on the condition of campaign success. However, the author is saying that Lister lent his name after that event happened more as a matter of circumstance than a matter of some sort of mandate or condition.
Had Been – There is ZERO reason to use past-perfect here. Past-perfect refers to the first of two events that CONCLUDED in the past. The campaigns success, and the lending of the name are both ongoing or events (or at best the temporal relationship is too unclear to assign past-perfect since the original option doesn’t indicate that we’re referring to two events that concluded in the past).

Let’s wrap up with options D and E:
D) The GMAT frowns on a gratuitous mid-clausal BEING verb. It would be a thunderclap of an event for a mid-clause BEING to be correct on the GMAT. Note that BEING is just fine in official questions if used as a connector (at the beginning of a sentence, or after a comma). This BEING in D has no business being here. Dump D fast.

E) Is a calamity. It’s choppy, it’s awkward, and it’s what we like to call a Jumbler. You’ll see these on your GMAT: jumbled throw away answers that appear almost as though the test-writers just needed to full an option.

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Re: SC - Campaign for sanitary conditions [#permalink]

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16 Jun 2008, 15:56
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A is the answer, I think.
I don't know if I'm correct: the absolute phrase "His campaign for sanitary conditions in operating rooms finally successful" is used to modify the sentence. I read about absolute construction somewhere in this forum
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Re: SC - Campaign for sanitary conditions [#permalink]

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17 Jun 2008, 20:37
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A gr8 Q.
Straight into my log.(+1).

My 2 cents:
His campaign for sanitary conditions in operating rooms finally successful, Sir Joseph Lister lent his name to the company that developed Listerine, the first antibacterial liquid.

A. His campaign for sanitary conditions in operating rooms finally successful
[ This option misses the verb, thus it can only act as a modifier to something. So here
it does modify Sir Lister. Its less expensive and clear]

B. Since his campaign for sanitary conditions in operating rooms had been eventually successful
C. Because of the eventual success of his campaigning for sanitary conditions in operating rooms
[ B and C try to use
Because/Since IC, IC kind of format. Which can also be correct ( I don't agree to people who say
it is not a cause-effect relation). But B uses "had been" were simple past can be used. And C uses
campaigning - campaign it self suggest a on going process. "of his campaigning" is akward.]
Even if B and C would have been correct, they are wordier than A !!
D. His campaign for sanitary conditions in operating rooms being eventually successful
[ being ]
E. Campaigning, eventually successfully, for conditions to be sanitary in operating rooms
[ changes the meaning of the sentence]
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Re: SC - Campaign for sanitary conditions [#permalink]

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22 Nov 2009, 21:36
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Re: SC - Campaign for sanitary conditions [#permalink]

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12 Nov 2010, 09:31
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saxenashobhit wrote:
I am still not able to grasp the concept..how is A correct...Does someone have more examples of this sort...i read this is appositive...somewhere I read this is absolute construction

APPOSITE MODIFIER IS A NOUN MODIFIER . IT MODIFIES A SINGLE NOUN
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Re: SC - Campaign for sanitary conditions [#permalink]

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14 Nov 2010, 10:20
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use this link to learn about absoulte phrase

http://www.testmagic.com/grammar/explan ... uction.asp
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Re: SC - Campaign for sanitary conditions [#permalink]

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12 Dec 2010, 18:38
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IMO A

Appositive explaining... good one
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Re: His campaign for sanitary conditions in operating rooms [#permalink]

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19 Aug 2013, 18:38
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Responding to why (A) is not wrong:

Take a look at that first part of the sentence before the comma:

"His campaign for sanitary conditions in operating rooms finally successful"

--notice it is NOT a complete sentence.

So since it is not a complete sentence, it must be a descriptive phrase. What does that descriptive phrase modify?

It modifies Sir Joseph Lister.

We can confirm this with the word "HIS" -which must reference that person.

Cut the fluff and read it like this:

"His campaign finally successful, Sir Joseph did blah blah blah.."

Likewise:

"His GMAT studies finally complete, Abhay went out and partied."--same idea - it's fine.

http://www.gmatpill.com/gmat-practice-t ... stion/3189
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Re: His campaign for sanitary conditions in operating rooms [#permalink]

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10 Jan 2016, 05:55
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There is a whale of a difference in meaning between 'finally' and 'eventually'. To use eventually, there must be an event before that was the cause of the description. Finally means at last, and in a sense, after some repeated attempts. Normally, they are not interchangeable.

However, this is a peculiar case. Since, there was a solid event such as a campaign, eventually may be acceptable. At the same time, we cannot also fault “ finally’, as the meaning conveyed here is that the campaign met with success after some protracted effort. Therefore, interchanging ‘eventually’ for ‘finally’ in this context may not be so critical as other fatal flaws that one can find to dislodge B and E. Yet, it could have been avoided.
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Re: SC - Campaign for sanitary conditions [#permalink]

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16 Jun 2008, 08:15
B is my choice.
A. His campaign for sanitary conditions in operating rooms finally successful
omitted verb
B. Since his campaign for sanitary conditions in operating rooms had been eventually successful
I became confused by since but after considiration moved to this one
C. Because of the eventual success of his campaigning for sanitary conditions in operating rooms
it was my 1st choice after POE but "his campaigning" seems wordy and not idiomatic (for my non-native ear )
D. His campaign for sanitary conditions in operating rooms being eventually successful
just out - wordy, not clear, etc
E. Campaigning, eventually successfully, for conditions to be sanitary in operating rooms
even more strange than D
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Re: SC - Campaign for sanitary conditions [#permalink]

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16 Jun 2008, 08:32
Quote:
"had been eventually successful" - "had been" is past perfect, and then "eventually" is incorrect because with the use of "had been" we need a participle ({verb + -ing} acting as a nown.) generally speaking (but not always required). Also, eventually seems to give the meaning of future tense like "He will eventually get better at sentence correction."

jallenmorris, I disagree, man. IMO eventually can also mean "finally".
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Re: SC - Campaign for sanitary conditions [#permalink]

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16 Jun 2008, 09:04
The OA is A.

http://www.beatthegmat.com/modifier-mis ... 12037.html

barfer wrote:
Quote:
"had been eventually successful" - "had been" is past perfect, and then "eventually" is incorrect because with the use of "had been" we need a participle ({verb + -ing} acting as a nown.) generally speaking (but not always required). Also, eventually seems to give the meaning of future tense like "He will eventually get better at sentence correction."

jallenmorris, I disagree, man. IMO eventually can also mean "finally".

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Re: SC - Campaign for sanitary conditions [#permalink]

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16 Jun 2008, 15:46
This too http://www.urch.com/forums/gmat-sentence-correction/73865-sir-joseph-lister.html. But I still don't accept A... and need a clear explanation.
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Re: SC - Campaign for sanitary conditions [#permalink]

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16 Jun 2008, 17:39
IMO (A) is correct as (A) uses absolute phrase construction.
And by POE also i think (A) is the only good choice.
Nice question Namurad. +1
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Re: SC - Campaign for sanitary conditions [#permalink]

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17 Jun 2008, 05:57
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chan_nhu78 wrote:
A is the answer, I think.
I don't know if I'm correct: the absolute phrase "His campaign for sanitary conditions in operating rooms finally successful" is used to modify the sentence. I read about absolute construction somewhere in this forum

chan_nhu78, you're cool!!! it's great sample of absolute construction!!! I've never met that's why I'm so happy NEW, NEW, BRAND NEW rule for me!!!! Many thanks!!!
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Re: SC - Campaign for sanitary conditions [#permalink]

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12 Nov 2010, 06:20
I am still not able to grasp the concept..how is A correct...Does someone have more examples of this sort...i read this is appositive...somewhere I read this is absolute construction
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Re: SC - Campaign for sanitary conditions [#permalink]

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12 Nov 2010, 07:49
b i feel
Reason:Both events i.e. successful campaign and lending name happened in the past,also in that campaign happened first ,so for the first event happening in the past we use past perfect and lending happens next,so we use simple past for it(this rule is avaiilbale in all grammar books under use of past perfect tense)
Re: SC - Campaign for sanitary conditions   [#permalink] 12 Nov 2010, 07:49

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