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# His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land,

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His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land, [#permalink]

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30 Jun 2003, 11:28
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His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land, far outside the range of present-day glaciers, led Louis Agassiz in 1837 to propose the concept of an age in which great ice sheets had existed in now currently temperate areas.

(A) in which great ice sheets had existed in now currently temperate areas
(B) in which great ice sheets existed in what are now temperate areas
(C) when great ice sheets existed where there were areas now temperate
(D) when great ice sheets had existed in current temperate areas
(E) when great ice sheets existed in areas now that are temperate

[Reveal] Spoiler:
It's either B or E. Is it due to idioms( in which vs. when) or since the age is in the past; it is unlikely that the great ice sheets existed in areas now. I know diction is important on GMAT. In ( now) temperate areas , does now function as an adjective?

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Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land, [#permalink]

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30 Oct 2005, 13:36
2. His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine homeland, far outside the range of present-day glaciers, led Louis Agassiz in 1837 to propose the concept of an age in which great ice sheets had existed in now currently temperate areas.
(A) in which great ice sheets had existed in now currently temperate areas
(B) in which great ice sheets existed in what are now temperate areas
(C) when great ice sheets existed where there were areas now temperate
(D) when great ice sheets had existed in current temperate areas
(E) when great ice sheets existed in areas now that are temperate
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Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land, [#permalink]

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30 Oct 2005, 19:31
(A) has redundancy - "now + currently"
(B) Keep
(C) "where there were" is awakard
(D) "current" wrongly modifies area. It should be "currently temperate areas".
(E) "areas now that are" is awakard.

I vote for (B).
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Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land, [#permalink]

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31 Oct 2005, 02:23
nakib77 wrote:
2. His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine homeland, far outside the range of present-day glaciers, led Louis Agassiz in 1837 to propose the concept of an age in which great ice sheets had existed in now currently temperate areas.
(A) in which great ice sheets had existed in now currently temperate areas
(B) in which great ice sheets existed in what are now temperate areas
(C) when great ice sheets existed where there were areas now temperate
(D) when great ice sheets had existed in current temperate areas
(E) when great ice sheets existed in areas now that are temperate

Answer choices with " in which" are normally the correct ones over " when".
A is redundant " now currently " as gamjatang pointed out.
Go for B.

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Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land, [#permalink]

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31 Oct 2005, 02:44
B is the best choice. We need 'in which' to properly introduce the rest of the sentence. 'when' gives me a disjointed feeling. Between B and D, B is also better as it does away with the past perfect tense which is not required for this sentence as we are not comparing two past actions.

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Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land, [#permalink]

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31 Oct 2005, 07:33
Is it "in which" or "when"?

Notice that in the sentence Louis Agassiz proposed the concept of an age, therefore when (which refers to time) is incorrect.

In A, currently temperate areas is ungrammatical.

Choose B.

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Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land, [#permalink]

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31 Oct 2005, 22:21
"When" is the proper pronoun to modify "an age." Therefore eliminate A and B. Also we need to have the past present verb to indicate that the ice sheets existed in the past (and completed in the past) before Louis gave his proposal.

Therefore the best answer is D.

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Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land, [#permalink]

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02 Nov 2005, 06:55
Quote:
His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine homeland, far outside the range of present-day glaciers, led Louis Agassiz in 1837 to propose the concept of an age in which great ice sheets had existed in now currently temperate areas.
(A) in which great ice sheets had existed in now currently temperate areas
(B) in which great ice sheets existed in what are now temperate areas
(C) when great ice sheets existed where there were areas now temperate
(D) when great ice sheets had existed in current temperate areas
(E) when great ice sheets existed in areas now that are temperate
(A) "now currently" is redundant.
(B) in which great ice sheets existed in what are now temperate areas: ok.
(C) lenthy and winding and passive.
(D) no PP but simple past is enough. current should be currently to be an adj.
(E) long and winding .....

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Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land, [#permalink]

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01 Jan 2006, 08:36
His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine homeland, far outside the range of present-day glaciers, led Louis Agassiz in 1837 to propose the concept of an age in which great ice sheets had existed in now currently temperate areas.

(A) in which great ice sheets had existed in now currently temperate areas
(B) in which great ice sheets existed in what are now temperate areas
(C) when great ice sheets existed where there were areas now temperate
(D) when great ice sheets had existed in current temperate areas
(E) when great ice sheets existed in areas now that are temperate
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Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land, [#permalink]

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01 Jan 2006, 09:27
E?

A/B - to describe the about age "when" is better than "which"
C - where seems to refer to the age and it's wordy too
D - (not sure) had existed is incorrect since he is just proposing a concept. Also don't like the "current tempreate"
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Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land, [#permalink]

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01 Jan 2006, 09:47
My pick : E

A - "in which" typically used to refer to the period within a duration. E.g. ... a era in which ...
In this case, "when" is prefered to "in which"

In addition, "had existed" is not necessary. A simple past tense would suffice here, since we are not talking about 2 events that happened in the past

B - usage of "in which" instead of "when" and also, "what are now temperate areas" - is wordy

C- mixes tenses "were" indicates past tense - however the use of "now" contridicts that ..

D - "had existed" - incorrect

E- Eliminating all the above, leaves this answer. Though the insertion of "now" between "areas" and "that" seems a bit awkward, "that" here clearly refers to areas

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Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land, [#permalink]

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01 Jan 2006, 21:07
one more for B.

an age

B) in which great ice sheets existed in what are now temperate areas

C D E out because of when.

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Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land, [#permalink]

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02 Jan 2006, 02:29
andy_gr8 wrote:
But concept..in which ..Doesnt it sounds awkward?

No, it's correct.

Anyways, otherwise you will have to choose 'when'
so whenever you are in doubt, select best of the rest

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Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land, [#permalink]

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05 Jan 2006, 09:40
JAI HIND wrote:
His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine homeland, far outside the range of present-day glaciers, led Louis Agassiz in 1837 to propose the concept of an age in which great ice sheets had existed in now currently temperate areas.

(A) in which great ice sheets had existed in now currently temperate areas
(B) in which great ice sheets existed in what are now temperate areas
(C) when great ice sheets existed where there were areas now temperate
(D) when great ice sheets had existed in current temperate areas
(E) when great ice sheets existed in areas now that are temperate

here a clue, "which" is almost always used wrong on GMAT sentence corrections. It should always trigger you when you see "which" and in this case, "which" is used wrong because it could either refer to his studies or refer to ice polished rocks. A and B are gone, now let's work with CDE.

"had" is used wrong, you only you had if there is another event following it, "it had existed before it was destroyed" for example so D is out

Between C and E......... hmmmm go with E, less wordy. Please slam me if I am wrong

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Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land, [#permalink]

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18 Feb 2006, 18:03
His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home-
land, far outside the range of present-day glaciers,
led Louis Agassiz in 1837 to propose the concept of
an age in which great ice sheets had existed in now
currently temperate areas.

(A) in which great ice sheets had existed in now
currently temperate areas
(B) in which great ice sheets existed in what are
now temperate areas
(C) when great ice sheets existed where there were
areas now temperate
(D) when great ice sheets had existed in current
temperate areas
(E) when great ice sheets existed in areas now that
are temperate

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Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land, [#permalink]

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18 Feb 2006, 19:58
His studies of ice-polished rocks led Louis Agassiz to propose the concept of an age in which great ice sheets had existed in now
currently temperate areas.

(A) in which great ice sheets had existed in now currently temperate areas

(C) when great ice sheets existed where there were areas now temperate

"there were areas now temperate" - no

(D) when great ice sheets had existed in current temperate areas

--
Leaves us with:

(B) in which great ice sheets existed in what are now temperate areas
versus
(E) when great ice sheets existed in areas now that are temperate

Since the phrase "what are now temperate" modifies areas, you want that phrase to precede areas, so I choose B.

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Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land, [#permalink]

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18 Feb 2006, 21:06
oa is B

my reasoning

a-past perfect not necessary, now/currently redundant

c-akward/wordy

d-past perfect not necessary

e-awkard/wordy

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Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land, [#permalink]

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18 Feb 2006, 21:21
Agree with it its B.

Also,
concept of an age in which

Also its talking about "concept" for which usgaes of "in which" is proper instead of "when" which refer to time.

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Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land, [#permalink]

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02 Nov 2006, 18:47
How do you know that past-perfect tense is not necessary in this sentence? I originally picked A because I missed the redundant "..now currently.." but other than that, I won't know whether A or B is correct.

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Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land, [#permalink]

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29 Apr 2007, 17:32
here simple past tense would do..we dont need to use past particple cause we are NOT trying to distinguish between two or more events that happened in the past.

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Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land, [#permalink]

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27 Jun 2007, 10:55
His studies of ice polished rocks in his alpine homeland ,far outside the range of present day glaciers,led Louis to propose the concept of an age in which great ice sheets had existed in now currently temperate areas.

A

B in which great ice sheets existed in what are now temperate areas

C when great ice sheets existed where there were areas now temperate.

D when great ice sheets had existed in now current temperate areas

E when great ice sheets existed in areas that are now temperate

OA is B. Question is -- Why not use Past Perfect tense here? We have to events going on in the past at different times. One event is in 1837 when he made his proposal, the other event is in the way past talking about the ice age.

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Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land,   [#permalink] 27 Jun 2007, 10:55

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