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# His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land,

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His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land, [#permalink]

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30 Jun 2003, 11:28
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His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land, far outside the range of present-day glaciers, led Louis Agassiz in 1837 to propose the concept of an age in which great ice sheets had existed in now currently temperate areas.

(A) in which great ice sheets had existed in now currently temperate areas
(B) in which great ice sheets existed in what are now temperate areas
(C) when great ice sheets existed where there were areas now temperate
(D) when great ice sheets had existed in current temperate areas
(E) when great ice sheets existed in areas now that are temperate

[Reveal] Spoiler:
It's either B or E. Is it due to idioms( in which vs. when) or since the age is in the past; it is unlikely that the great ice sheets existed in areas now. I know diction is important on GMAT. In ( now) temperate areas , does now function as an adjective?

Victor
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Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land, [#permalink]

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28 Jun 2007, 05:38
jimmyjamesdonkey wrote:
"to propose" is simple present? What about "lead"? isn't that past tense?

"lead" is simple present too. "Led" would be simple past
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Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land, [#permalink]

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28 Jun 2007, 07:02
leeye84 wrote:
C, D, E uses 'when'. However, the correct usage should be 'in which' because:

Louis proposes the concept of an ice age in which ...

'of an ice age' is just a modifier for 'the concept'. Concepts do not go with 'when'

Between A and B, B is the better choice.

Answer A contains ' now' and 'currently'. We only need one.

hmm, I thought 'in which' referred to the ice age and not the concept, how can great ice sheets exist in a concept??
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Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land, [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2007, 08:43
His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine homeland, far outside the range of present-day glaciers, led Louis Agassiz in 1837 to propose the concept of an age in which great ice sheets had existed in now currently temperate areas.
(A) in which great ice sheets had existed in now currently temperate areas
(B) in which great ice sheets existed in what are now temperate areas
(C) when great ice sheets existed where there were areas now temperate
(D) when great ice sheets had existed in current temperate areas
(E) when great ice sheets existed in areas now that are temperate

I am confused between B and D do we use “in which” to denote a time period or “when”?
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Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land, [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2007, 12:55
pawan82 wrote:
His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine homeland, far outside the range of present-day glaciers, led Louis Agassiz in 1837 to propose the concept of an age in which great ice sheets had existed in now currently temperate areas.

(A) in which great ice sheets had existed in now currently temperate areas
(B) in which great ice sheets existed in what are now temperate areas
(C) when great ice sheets existed where there were areas now temperate
(D) when great ice sheets had existed in current temperate areas
(E) when great ice sheets existed in areas now that are temperate

I am confused between B and D do we use “in which” to denote a time period or “when”?

should be B cuz "in which" is better than when.

when is used to indicate a specific point o time where as "in which' is used for a period of time.
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Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land, [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2007, 14:22
age is a period, so we need 'in which'. 'when' is used if a specifice year/era was used.
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Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land, [#permalink]

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22 Jul 2007, 04:43
332.His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine homeland, far outside the range of present-day glaciers, led Louis Agassiz in 1837 to propose the concept of an age in which great ice sheets had existed in now currently temperate areas.
(A) in which great ice sheets had existed in now currently temperate areas
(B) in which great ice sheets existed in what are now temperate areas
(C) when great ice sheets existed where there were areas now temperate
(D) when great ice sheets had existed in current temperate areas
(E) when great ice sheets existed in areas now that are temperate
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Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land, [#permalink]

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01 Aug 2007, 08:46
Paul wrote:
Can someone tell me the difference between "in which" and "when" in this context. I chose B by finding flaws other than when/in which in the other sentences. By being able to eliminate CDE on the basis that they use "when" would be much more simple.

I think "areas now that are temperate" is awkward.

"When" = "In Which"? This is new to me. Thanks!
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Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land, [#permalink]

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01 Aug 2007, 10:09
jimmyjamesdonkey wrote:

OA is B. Question is -- Why not use Past Perfect tense here? We have to events going on in the past at different times. One event is in 1837 when he made his proposal, the other event is in the way past talking about the ice age.

I hate sentence correction questions that require you to think.

i proposed a theory of [the period when the earth was covered by glaciers.]
i proposed a theory of [the period when the earth had been covered by glaciers.]

The second sentence talks about a period after the glacier period.
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Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land, [#permalink]

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14 Dec 2007, 21:28
1) His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine homeland, far outside the range of present-day glaciers, led Louis Agassiz in 1837 to propose the concept of an age in which great ice sheets had existed in now currently temperate areas.

A) in which great ice sheets had existed in now currently temperate areas
B) in which great ice sheets existed in what are now temperate areas
C) when great ice sheets existed where there were areas now temperate
D) when great ice sheets had existed in current temperate areas
E) when great ice sheets existed in areas now that are temperate

can someone plz explain why the simple past is used instead of the past perfect. i thought if there are two things happening at different times in the past, we should use the past perfect
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Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land, [#permalink]

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14 Dec 2007, 21:48
jimjohn wrote:
1) His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine homeland, far outside the range of present-day glaciers, led Louis Agassiz in 1837 to propose the concept of an age in which great ice sheets had existed in now currently temperate areas.
1
A) in which great ice sheets had existed in now currently temperate areas
B) in which great ice sheets existed in what are now temperate areas
C) when great ice sheets existed where there were areas now temperate
D) when great ice sheets had existed in current temperate areas
E) when great ice sheets existed in areas now that are temperate

can someone plz explain why the simple past is used instead of the past perfect. i thought if there are two things happening at different times in the past, we should use the past perfect

I think the tense is not being tested here.
First
we have 2/3 split between "in which" and "when".
Usage of "when" is wrong here because the subject which is being modified is "concept of age" and not "age" .
And "when" should modify time not concept .
So in which is correct.

Between A and B , "now currently" is clearly redundant.
So B.
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Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land, [#permalink]

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28 Apr 2008, 01:40
332.His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine homeland, far outside the range of present-day glaciers, led Louis Agassiz in 1837 to propose the concept of an age in which great ice sheets had existed in now currently temperate areas.
(A) in which great ice sheets had existed in now currently temperate areas
(B) in which great ice sheets existed in what are now temperate areas
(C) when great ice sheets existed where there were areas now temperate
(D) when great ice sheets had existed in current temperate areas
(E) when great ice sheets existed in areas now that are temperate
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Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land, [#permalink]

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28 Apr 2008, 05:05
Age has to be qualified with the usage of when and not 'in which'.
thus eliminat A,B.

usage of past perfect is uncalled for. eliminate D

thsus between C, E.
E sounds better and simple and hence the answer..
Whats the OA ?

regards,
NEo
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Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land, [#permalink]

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28 Apr 2008, 17:27
B
sondenso wrote:
332.His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine homeland, far outside the range of present-day glaciers, led Louis Agassiz in 1837 to propose the concept of an age in which great ice sheets had existed in now currently temperate areas.
(A) in which great ice sheets had existed in now currently temperate areas
(B) in which great ice sheets existed in what are now temperate areas
(C) when great ice sheets existed where there were areas now temperate
(D) when great ice sheets had existed in current temperate areas
(E) when great ice sheets existed in areas now that are temperate
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Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land, [#permalink]

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28 Apr 2008, 20:01
Thanks all of you!

OA is B
Neochronic wrote:
Age has to be qualified with the usage of when and not 'in which'.
thus eliminat A,B.

You have the same reasoning error as mine, the error that lead me to D.

bkk145 wrote:
in A, "now currently" is redundant.

Bkk145, you must pay a careful reading. This finding is helpful for me. Thanks and a kudo for you

bkk145 wrote:
I don't see the point of using "had" here, particularly with present tense

I tried to persude me that the proposal action happened before 1837, so i choose D, wrong!

Thanks agains
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Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land, [#permalink]

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22 Jun 2008, 15:38
OG 59) His Studies of ice-polished rocks in his alpine homeland, far outside the range of present day glaciers, led LOuis Agasiz in 1837 to propose the concept of an age in which great ice sheets had existed in now currently tempereate areas

a. same
b.in which great ice sheets existed in what are now temperate areas.
c. when great ice sheets existed where there were areas now temperate
d. when great ice sheets had existed in current temperate areas
e. when great ice sheers existed in areas now that are temperate
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Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land, [#permalink]

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24 Jun 2008, 19:34
OA is B.

OE :

In which or when can be used interchangeably in this sentence. The verb form should be simple past verb tense.
A) had existed should be existed; now currently is redudant
B) correct
C) where there were areas now temperate is wordy and consuing
D) HAD EXISTED SHOULD BE EXISTED; current should be currently
E)"now" is an adverb and should be placed just after the verb are
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Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land, [#permalink]

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26 Jun 2008, 21:26
x2suresh wrote:
In which or when can be used interchangeably in this sentence.

Though I got the OA correct, I still dont agree to using "When" or "In Which" interchangeably.

Any thoughts on when to use When vs In which?

I think this is the difference..

[quote="Sunny143
..

In think it comes down to the use of "In which" vs "When". I guessthe general rule is to use "In which" when we want to use "When" but its not a time...such as an age or an era...
[/quote]

Any thoughts?
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Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land, [#permalink]

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27 Jun 2008, 14:24
Sunny143 wrote:
x2suresh wrote:
In which or when can be used interchangeably in this sentence.

Though I got the OA correct, I still dont agree to using "When" or "In Which" interchangeably.

Any thoughts on when to use When vs In which?

I think this is the difference..

[quote="Sunny143
..

In think it comes down to the use of "In which" vs "When". I guessthe general rule is to use "In which" when we want to use "When" but its not a time...such as an age or an era...

Any thoughts?[/quote]

If we are referring to a period of time "when" could have made sense
Here we are referring to concept of age .Thats why we need "which"
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Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land, [#permalink]

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02 Aug 2008, 12:27
His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine homeland, far outside the range of present-day glaciers, led Louis Agassiz in 1837 to propose the concept of an age in which great ice sheets had existed in now currently temperate areas.
(A) in which great ice sheets had existed in now currently temperate areas
(B) in which great ice sheets existed in what are now temperate areas
(C) when great ice sheets existed where there were areas now temperate
(D) when great ice sheets had existed in current temperate areas
(E) when great ice sheets existed in areas now that are temperate
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Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land, [#permalink]

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02 Aug 2008, 13:29
"had existed" is incorrect because this requires another simple past tense verb in the sentence to distinguish two events in the past. eliminated A and D.

use "when" for an actual point in time and "in which" to describe concept. So B is best choice.
Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine home land,   [#permalink] 02 Aug 2008, 13:29

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