GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 24 Jun 2018, 17:26

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

Events & Promotions

Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine homeland, far outside

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

1 KUDOS received
Manager
Manager
User avatar
B
Joined: 14 Dec 2015
Posts: 50
Concentration: Entrepreneurship, General Management
WE: Information Technology (Computer Software)
Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine homeland, far outside [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 21 Jan 2016, 10:15
1
chetan2u Thank you! I got it now.

Engr2012 sorry about posting this question, by the time I posted this very question I was merely 3-4 days old in gmatclub. I have figured it out though in past few days yet thanks for reminding.
_________________

"Fight the HARDEST battle that anyone can ever imagine"

Manager
Manager
User avatar
Joined: 15 Apr 2016
Posts: 83
Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine homeland, far outside [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 20 Jul 2016, 21:52
His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine homeland, far outside the range of present-day glaciers, led Louis Agassiz in 1837 to propose the concept of an age in which great ice sheets had
existed in now currently temperate areas

(A) in which great ice sheets had existed in now currently temperate areas
(B) in which great ice sheets existed in what are now temperate areas
(C) when great ice sheets existed where there were areas now temperate
(D) when great ice sheets had existed in current temperate areas
(E) when great ice sheets existed in areas now that are temperate

Well this is how i approached :

for age/era - we need 'in which'
So C D E are out.

In A - now and currently are redundant.

So B
_________________

Cheers,
Shri
-------------------------------
GMAT is not an Exam... it is a war .. Let's Conquer !!!

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 17 Sep 2016
Posts: 272
Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine homeland, far outside [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 23 Sep 2016, 02:01
His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine homeland, far outside the range of present-day glaciers, led Louis Agassiz in 1837 to propose the concept of an age in which great ice sheets had existed in now currently temperate areas.
(A) in which great ice sheets had existed in now currently temperate areas
(B) in which great ice sheets existed in what are now temperate areas
(C) when great ice sheets existed where there were areas now temperate
(D) when great ice sheets had existed in current temperate areas
(E) when great ice sheets existed in areas now that are temperate


hi instructors,

I am always sunk in the issue that clause + prep + WH- pronouns

I am have no idea that
1/
relative pronoun stands for. the noun proceeding WH- or noun after WH-,

2/
what's the order of the prep + WH- clause ,

in this case, please help clarify.
it will be great if provide more examples.

thanks a lot
have a nice day

>_~
Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 17 Sep 2016
Posts: 272
Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine homeland, far outside [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Sep 2016, 01:21
hi instructors,

I am always sunk in the issue that clause + prep + WH- pronouns

I am have no idea that
1/
relative pronoun stands for. the noun proceeding WH- or noun after WH-,

2/
what's the order of the prep + WH- clause ,

in this case, please help clarify.
it will be great if provide more examples.

thanks a lot
have a nice day

>_~
Top Contributor
1 KUDOS received
Director
Director
User avatar
S
Affiliations: CrackVerbal
Joined: 03 Oct 2013
Posts: 518
Location: India
GMAT 1: 780 Q51 V46
Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine homeland, far outside [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Sep 2016, 01:09
1
Top Contributor
Here the 'in which' refers to the word 'age'. And the subject of the 'in which' is 'great ice sheets'.

In general, when you encounter a 'preposition + which' construction, the subject can be found in the clause that follows 'which'.
But, in a 'which' construction, the subject occurs before the 'which'.

For example - 1. the box of toffees, which is on the table, is expensive. Note that the subject of the which clause occurs before the which clause. Also, 'which' modifies that subject (the box).
(the subject is 'the box'; also note that since 'which' is followed by a singular verb, it cannot refer to 'toffees').

2. the box, in which toffees are kept, is made of aluminum. Here, the subject of the 'in which' clause is 'toffees'. But the 'in which' clause modifies 'the box'.

Hope this helps
_________________

Register for CrackVerbal MBA Achiever's Summit here -
http://crackverbal.com/mba-summit-2018

Enroll for our GMAT Trial Course here -
http://gmatonline.crackverbal.com/

For more info on GMAT and MBA, follow us on @AskCrackVerbal

Retired Moderator
User avatar
S
Joined: 18 Sep 2014
Posts: 1174
Location: India
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member Reviews Badge
Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine homeland, far outside [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 15 Oct 2016, 10:35
existence of rocks didn't happen before any other event so we need past tense only.

A and D are incorrect for using the past perfect tense. Also A has redundancy with words now and currently.

In E, that needs to refer areas but incorrectly seems to refer to word now.

Active voice is preferred to passive form of construction, thereby eliminating C and hence B is the correct choice.
_________________

The only time you can lose is when you give up. Try hard and you will suceed.
Thanks = Kudos. Kudos are appreciated

http://gmatclub.com/forum/rules-for-posting-in-verbal-gmat-forum-134642.html
When you post a question Pls. Provide its source & TAG your questions
Avoid posting from unreliable sources.


My posts
http://gmatclub.com/forum/beauty-of-coordinate-geometry-213760.html#p1649924
http://gmatclub.com/forum/calling-all-march-april-gmat-takers-who-want-to-cross-213154.html
http://gmatclub.com/forum/possessive-pronouns-200496.html
http://gmatclub.com/forum/double-negatives-206717.html
http://gmatclub.com/forum/the-greatest-integer-function-223595.html#p1721773
https://gmatclub.com/forum/improve-reading-habit-233410.html#p1802265

Director
Director
avatar
G
Joined: 02 Sep 2016
Posts: 744
Premium Member
Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine homeland, far outside [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 26 Apr 2017, 09:49
His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine homeland, far outside the range of present-day glaciers, led Louis Agassiz in 1837 to propose the concept of an age in which great ice sheets had existed in now currently temperate areas.

1) age........in which
2) Simple past is required in the sentence (existed) and not past perfect as there are as such no related events of which we have to show sequencing.
_________________

Help me make my explanation better by providing a logical feedback.

If you liked the post, HIT KUDOS !!

Don't quit.............Do it.

Manager
Manager
avatar
S
Joined: 17 Aug 2012
Posts: 157
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Strategy
Schools: Copenhagen, ESMT"19
GPA: 3.75
WE: Consulting (Energy and Utilities)
GMAT ToolKit User
Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine homeland, far outside [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Aug 2017, 09:30
according to forum post in some other forum in which and when can be used interchangeably .

2. The Mughal period, in which Akbar ruled, is called the "the classic period".

vs.

The Mughal period, when Akbar ruled, is called the "the classic period".

both option are correct here.

then in this question how do we eliminate option E.
Wharton Thread Master
User avatar
D
Joined: 28 Mar 2017
Posts: 1022
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Technology
GMAT 1: 730 Q49 V41
GPA: 4
Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine homeland, far outside [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Aug 2017, 10:20
His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine homeland, far outside the range of present-day glaciers, led Louis Agassiz in 1837 to propose the concept of an age in which great ice sheets had existed in now currently temperate areas.

(A) in which great ice sheets had existed in now currently temperate areas
(B) in which great ice sheets existed in what are now temperate areas
(C) when great ice sheets existed where there were areas now temperate
(D) when great ice sheets had existed in current temperate areas
(E) when great ice sheets existed in areas now that are temperate

Age in which is correct; Age when is incorrect. C,D and E out.

Past perfect is used when we a have a sequence of events and both are in past, but in the sentence at hand there is only 1 event, therefore, simple past will suffice our requirement. A is out.

Answer: B
_________________

Kudos if my post helps!

Long And A Fruitful Journey - V21 to V41; If I can, So Can You!!


My study resources:
1. Useful Formulae, Concepts and Tricks-Quant
2. e-GMAT's ALL SC Compilation
3. LSAT RC compilation
4. Actual LSAT CR collection by Broal
5. QOTD RC (Carcass)
6. Challange OG RC
7. GMAT Prep Challenge RC

Retired Moderator
User avatar
P
Joined: 19 Mar 2014
Posts: 974
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Entrepreneurship
GPA: 3.5
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member
Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine homeland, far outside [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 Sep 2017, 12:24
His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine homeland, far outside the range of present-day glaciers, led Louis Agassiz in 1837 to propose the concept of an age in which great ice sheets had existed in now currently temperate areas.

(A) in which great ice sheets had existed in now currently temperate areas
(B) in which great ice sheets existed in what are now temperate areas
(C) when great ice sheets existed where there were areas now temperate
(D) when great ice sheets had existed in current temperate areas
(E) when great ice sheets existed in areas now that are temperate
_________________

"Nothing in this world can take the place of persistence. Talent will not: nothing is more common than unsuccessful men with talent. Genius will not; unrewarded genius is almost a proverb. Education will not: the world is full of educated derelicts. Persistence and determination alone are omnipotent."

Best AWA Template: https://gmatclub.com/forum/how-to-get-6-0-awa-my-guide-64327.html#p470475

Manager
Manager
User avatar
S
Status: Aiming MBA!!
Joined: 19 Aug 2017
Posts: 141
Location: India
GMAT 1: 620 Q49 V25
GPA: 3.75
WE: Web Development (Consulting)
Reviews Badge
Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine homeland, far outside [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 20 Oct 2017, 02:36
kiranjith wrote:
His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine homeland, far outside the range of present-day glaciers, led Louis Agassiz in 1837 to propose the concept of an age in which great ice sheets had existed in now currently temperate areas.

(B) in which great ice sheets existed in what are now temperate areas
in which is used to refer to long duration periods like age. Also, the placement of adverb 'now' is correct in this sentence. But the construction in what are now temperate areas is sounding awkward. Can someone explain on this part?

(E) when great ice sheets existed in areas now that are temperate
If I change the position of now, when great ice sheets existed in areas that are now temperate, is this construction correct?

Also, areas that are now temperate makes more sense than in what are now temperate areas. Is'nt it?


Any expert please review my comments. Thanks!
3 KUDOS received
Senior SC Moderator
User avatar
V
Joined: 14 Nov 2016
Posts: 1314
Location: Malaysia
GMAT ToolKit User Premium Member CAT Tests
Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine homeland, far outside [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 29 Oct 2017, 22:07
3
kiranjith wrote:
The Official Guide for GMAT Review, 2015

Practice Question
Question No.: SC 72
Page: 685

His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine homeland, far outside the range of present-day glaciers, led Louis Agassiz in 1837 to propose the concept of an age in which great ice sheets had existed in now currently temperate areas.

(A) in which great ice sheets had existed in now currently temperate areas
(B) in which great ice sheets existed in what are now temperate areas
(C) when great ice sheets existed where there were areas now temperate
(D) when great ice sheets had existed in current temperate areas
(E) when great ice sheets existed in areas now that are temperate


First Glance

The underline starts with in which. Glance at the answers to notice that other choices offer when instead. The sentence might contain a Modifier issue.

Issues

(1) Verb: had existed

The original sentence uses the past perfect: Ice sheets had existed. Other answers use the simple past existed. Which is correct?

Past perfect is used to denote the longer-ago of two past actions. In this case, the had existed action is paired with a comment about the climate in those same areas now. It's acceptable, then, to use simple past existed; don't use a more complex tense when a simple tense is acceptable. Eliminate answers (A) and (D).

(2) Meaning

In answer (A), now currently is redundant—both words mean the same thing. Eliminate answer (A), and examine the meaning in the other answers:

(B) existed in what are now temperate areas
(C) existed where there were areas now temperate
(D) existed in current temperate areas
(E) existed in areas now that are temperate

Answer (D) drops now and switches from currently to current. That word is modifying the adjective temperate, so it needs to be in the adverb form (currently). The adjective form current can only be used to modify nouns. Eliminate answer (D).

The other answers drop currently and use only now. Answers (B) and (C) are okay, but answer (E) has a meaning problem. The word now must be tied to a particular action or event: Something happened now. In answer (E), the word now is actually tied to existed: Sheets existed now that are temperate. Something can't be simultaneously in the past (existed) and happening now. Eliminate answer (E).

Answer (C) also mixes two time frames: were and now. They were [not] temperate before; they are temperate now. Eliminate answer (C).

The Correct Answer

Correct answer (B) fixes the initial verb error by switching to the simple past existed. The construction in what are now temperate areas properly indicates that the climate has changed in these areas. they used to be cold; they are now temperate.

Miscellaneous

Note: The in which versus when split turned out be a red herring! Both versions are acceptable.
_________________

"Be challenged at EVERY MOMENT."

“Strength doesn’t come from what you can do. It comes from overcoming the things you once thought you couldn’t.”

"Each stage of the journey is crucial to attaining new heights of knowledge."

Rules for posting in verbal forum | Please DO NOT post short answer in your post!

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 17 Sep 2016
Posts: 272
Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine homeland, far outside [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 28 Apr 2018, 05:00
Quote:
(B) in which great ice sheets existed in what are now temperate areas


Hi mikemcgarry, GMATNinjaTwo, GMATNinja, MagooshExpert Carolyn,
sayantanc2
VeritasPrepKarishma

Anyone can help to understand the option B ?

I read a lot of posts, No one mentioned "what",
I crossed off B because i think it is illogical if say "what are now temperate areas", areas are a geographocal location, what are areas sounds weird for me, but B is correct, so i think i must miss something.

Would you please help point out?

Thanks in advance
Have a nice day

>_~
Manager
Manager
avatar
B
Joined: 09 Jun 2017
Posts: 50
GMAT 1: 640 Q44 V35
Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine homeland, far outside [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 10 Jun 2018, 12:02
Quote:
I read a lot of posts, No one mentioned "what",
I crossed off B because i think it is illogical if say "what are now temperate areas", areas are a geographocal location, what are areas sounds weird for me, but B is correct, so i think i must miss something.

I have the same question ..
if c is not clearly wrong , (in general ) shouldn't we prefer "where" to "what" to describe areas ?
I think that this was mentioned in one of the GMAT OG questions , not sure which one
_________________

Hope this helps
Give kudos if it does

Senior Manager
Senior Manager
avatar
G
Status: Countdown Begins...
Joined: 03 Jul 2016
Posts: 312
Location: India
Concentration: Technology, Strategy
Schools: IIMB
GMAT 1: 580 Q48 V22
GPA: 3.7
WE: Information Technology (Consulting)
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge
Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine homeland, far outside [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 Jun 2018, 21:23
GMATNinja, request your expert reply on this.
I read all the posts, but I am unable to determine the difference between age "in which" vs "when".
Re: His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine homeland, far outside   [#permalink] 11 Jun 2018, 21:23

Go to page   Previous    1   2   [ 35 posts ] 

Display posts from previous: Sort by

His studies of ice-polished rocks in his Alpine homeland, far outside

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  


GMAT Club MBA Forum Home| About| Terms and Conditions and Privacy Policy| GMAT Club Rules| Contact| Sitemap

Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne

Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.