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Historian: In the Drindian Empire, censuses were conducted annually to

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Intern
Joined: 12 Feb 2013
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Location: India
Concentration: Strategy, Entrepreneurship
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Re: Historian: In the Drindian Empire, censuses were conducted annually to  [#permalink]

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15 Jan 2016, 02:35
2
To analyze the argument, consider each of the statements one by one:

Boldface 1: Village census records for the last half of the 1600’s are remarkably complete. This is a FACT.

Boldface 2: (Therefore, it is reasonable to think that) the reported declines did not happen. This is the CONCLUSION.

Now as per the terms above, we know that “consideration” / “to acknowledge” are terms for fact. We also know that “position” is a term for the conclusion.

Check the options for this question now:

A. The first supplies a context for the historian’s argument; the second acknowledges a consideration that has been used to argue against the position the historian seeks to establish.
B. The first presents evidence to support the position that the historian seeks to establish; the second acknowledges a consideration that has been used to argue against that position.
C. The first provides a context for certain evidence that supports the position that the historian seeks to establish; the second is that position.
D. The first is a position for which the historian argues; the second is an assumption that serves as the basis of that argument.
E. The first is an assumption that the historian explicitly makes in arguing for a certain position; the second acknowledges a consideration that calls that assumption into question.

Options A, B, E say that ‘second (boldface)’ acknowledges a consideration (fact) … WRONG as per the above analysis. The second is a ‘conclusion’.

Option D says that ‘first (boldface)’ is a position (conclusion) … WRONG as per the above analysis. The first is a ‘fact’.

Option C is correct.
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Re: Historian: In the Drindian Empire, censuses were conducted annually to  [#permalink]

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19 Oct 2016, 10:43
This question can be answered in less than a minute. The second bolded statement is clearly a conclusion. Only choice (C) mentions "the second is that position". No other choice mentions that the second bolded statement is a conclusion. On these grounds, you can pick C without even reading the first part of the answer choice, or even any answer choice.
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Re: Historian: In the Drindian Empire, censuses were conducted annually to  [#permalink]

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07 Jul 2019, 01:52
Historian: In the Drindian Empire, censuses were conducted annually to determine the
population of each village. Village census records for the last half of the 1600’s are
remarkably complete. This very completeness makes one point stand out; in five
different years, villages overwhelmingly reported significant population declines.
Tellingly, each of those five years immediately followed an increase in a certain Drindian
tax. This tax, which was assessed on villages, was computed by the central government
using the annual census figures. Obviously, whenever the tax went up, villages had an
especially powerful economic incentive to minimize the number of people they recorded;
and concealing the size of a village’s population from government census takers would
have been easy. Therefore, it is reasonable to think that the reported declines did not
happen.
In the historian’s argument, the two portions in boldface play which of the following
roles?
A. The first supplies a context for the historian’s argument; the second acknowledges
a consideration that has been used to argue against the position the historian seeks
to establish.
B. The first presents evidence to support the position that the historian seeks to
establish; the second acknowledges a consideration that has been used to argue
against that position.
C. The first provides a context for certain evidence that supports the position that the
historian seeks to establish; the second is that position.
D. The first is a position for which the historian argues; the second is an assumption
that serves as the basis of that argument.
E. The first is an assumption that the historian explicitly makes in arguing for a
certain position; the second acknowledges a consideration that calls that
assumption into question.
Intern
Joined: 30 Sep 2019
Posts: 13
Re: Historian: In the Drindian Empire, censuses were conducted annually to  [#permalink]

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04 Oct 2019, 09:34
GMATNinja You took up a similar question in a recent live webinar .
I have a doubt, how is the first boldface and second bold face not opposing each other?
Re: Historian: In the Drindian Empire, censuses were conducted annually to   [#permalink] 04 Oct 2019, 09:34

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