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Historians have been struggling for centuries to find the exact

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Historians have been struggling for centuries to find the exact [#permalink]

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Historians have been struggling for centuries to find the exact location where Santa Maria, the ship on which Christopher Columbus set sail from Spain in August 1492, looking for a westward route to Asia, capsized on its way back to Europe. A maritime archaeological investigator claims that a newly-discovered ship abandoned near the coast of South Haiti possesses artifacts that belonged to the Santa Maria, as noted in Columbus's extensive detailed diaries.

The force of the evidence cited above would be most strengthened if which of the following is true?

A. Ocean currents in the Atlantic are strong enough to shift an entire ship from one place to another.
B. The last few entries in Columbus's extensively detailed diaries noted a solar eclipse which astronomers confirmed was visible from Haiti in the year that Santa Maria drowned.
C. The port of South Haiti was known for its maritime importance during the fifteenth century.
D. Ships such as Santa Maria were custom built and possessed articats that were uniquely made for them.
E. Santa Maria had three smaller ships onboard it as does the newly-discovered ship abondened near the coast of South Haiti

Source: Experts Global
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

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Re: Historians have been struggling for centuries to find the exact [#permalink]

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pushpitkc wrote:
Historians have been struggling for centuries to find the exact location where Santa Maria, the ship on which Christopher Columbus set sail from Spain in August 1492, looking for a westward route to Asia, capsized on its way back to Europe. A maritime archaeological investigator claims that a newly-discovered ship abandoned near the coast of South Haiti possesses artifacts that belonged to the Santa Maria, as noted in Columbus's extensive detailed diaries.

The force of the evidence cited above would be most strengthened if which of the following is true?

A. Ocean currents in the Atlantic are strong enough to shift an entire ship from one place to another.
B. The last few entries in Columbus's extensively detailed diaries noted a solar eclipse which astronomers confirmed was visible from Haiti in the year that Santa Maria drowned.
C. The port of South Haiti was known for its maritime importance during the fifteenth century.
D. Ships such as Santa Maria were custom built and possessed articats that were uniquely made for them.
E. Santa Maria had three smaller ships onboard it as does the newly-discovered ship abondened near the coast of South Haiti

Source: Experts Global


Only A and D are relevant to the argument. Choice A contribute nothing to the argument. Only D strengthens the argument since the uniqueness will link two objects together.
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Re: Historians have been struggling for centuries to find the exact [#permalink]

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New post 05 Dec 2017, 04:11
Here is my thought process. The conclusion states that the ships must be similar because the artifacts are similar. Something that tells us that artifacts were unique to the ship is the correct strengthener.

This is the gap in the logic and choice D makes the argument almost airtight.
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Re: Historians have been struggling for centuries to find the exact [#permalink]

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New post 05 Dec 2017, 08:23
Historians have been struggling for centuries to find the exact location where Santa Maria, the ship on which Christopher Columbus set sail from Spain in August 1492, looking for a westward route to Asia, capsized on its way back to Europe. A maritime archaeological investigator claims that a newly-discovered ship abandoned near the coast of South Haiti possesses artifacts that belonged to the Santa Maria, as noted in Columbus's extensive detailed diaries.

The force of the evidence cited above would be most strengthened if which of the following is true?

A. Ocean currents in the Atlantic are strong enough to shift an entire ship from one place to another. -We don't know the location of Haiti island.
B. The last few entries in Columbus's extensively detailed diaries noted a solar eclipse which astronomers confirmed was visible from Haiti in the year that Santa Maria drowned. -Okay, Columbus might have seen the eclipse and then moved on to some other place where the ship drowned
C. The port of South Haiti was known for its maritime importance during the fifteenth century. -out of scope
D. Ships such as Santa Maria were custom built and possessed articats that were uniquely made for them. -Correct. As per the reasoning given in the argument and information in the option, we can conclude that the artifacts indeed belonged only to Santa Maria.
E. Santa Maria had three smaller ships onboard it as does the newly-discovered ship abondened near the coast of South Haiti -Many ships can have similar structure. It wasn't unique to Santa Maria
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Re: Historians have been struggling for centuries to find the exact   [#permalink] 05 Dec 2017, 08:23
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