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Hopes that the European Central Bank will reach a deal to help Spain a

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Hopes that the European Central Bank will reach a deal to help Spain a  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jul 2017, 09:01
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Question Stats:

69% (01:19) correct 31% (01:30) wrong based on 248 sessions

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Recently, hopes that the European Central Bank will reach a deal to help Spain and Italy borrow at cheaper rates has nudged financial markets higher.

A. Spain and Italy borrow at cheaper rates has nudged financial markets higher

B. Spain and Italy borrow at cheaper rates have nudged financial markets to higher levels

C. Spain and Italy borrow at cheaper rates has nudged financial markets to higher levels

D. Spain and Italy borrow at cheaper rates nudged financial markets to higher levels

E. Spain and Italy borrow at cheaper rates nudged financial markets higher

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Hasan Mahmud
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Hopes that the European Central Bank will reach a deal to help Spain a  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jul 2017, 09:03
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A. Step 1: Identifying What Is Tested

o Looking at the options, it is evident that some of the options use the singular present perfect construction “has nudged”, some use the simple past “nudged” and one uses the plural present perfect “have nudged”. Also, some options end with the word “higher” and others with “to higher levels”.

B. Step 2: Understanding the Sentence

o The subject of the sentence is the plural word “hopes”. Therefore, the singular “has nudged” would be incorrect.

o The timeline in the sentence is “recently”. The sentence is describing something that began some time ago and is still happening. Because the word “recently” indicates that the action is not yet complete, the usage of the simple past “nudged” would be incorrect.

o Because the sentence is discussing “financial markets”, “to higher levels” makes better sense because the markets are measured in index levels.

C. Step 3: Eliminating Options

o Choices (A) and (C) can be eliminated for the usage of the singular verb “has nudged”, when the subject is the plural noun “hopes”. The usage of just the word “higher” is another reason to eliminate the option.

o Choice (E) can be eliminated for the usage of both the simple past “nudged” and the construction “higher”.

o Choice (D) uses the incorrect tense construction. The present perfect “have nudged” is the correct usage, given the timeline of the sentence.

Choice B is the correct answer.


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Hasan Mahmud
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Re: Hopes that the European Central Bank will reach a deal to help Spain a  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jul 2017, 10:06
Mahmud6 wrote:
Recently, hopes that the European Central Bank will reach a deal to help Spain and Italy borrow at cheaper rates has nudged financial markets higher.

A. Spain and Italy borrow at cheaper rates has nudged financial markets higher

B. Spain and Italy borrow at cheaper rates have nudged financial markets to higher levels

C. Spain and Italy borrow at cheaper rates has nudged financial markets to higher levels

D. Spain and Italy borrow at cheaper rates nudged financial markets to higher levels

E. Spain and Italy borrow at cheaper rates nudged financial markets higher


two point to notice here :
1--SV agreement
2- Tense ---we need present perfect as in non underline part we have "Recently".

A--SV error --hopes --has is wrong here
B--correct
C--SV error again --hopes --has is wrong here
D--wrong tense
E- wrong tense
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Re: Hopes that the European Central Bank will reach a deal to help Spain a  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jul 2017, 11:51
Mahmud6 wrote:
Recently, hopes that the European Central Bank will reach a deal to help Spain and Italy borrow at cheaper rates has nudged financial markets higher.

A. Spain and Italy borrow at cheaper rates has nudged financial markets higher

B. Spain and Italy borrow at cheaper rates have nudged financial markets to higher levels

C. Spain and Italy borrow at cheaper rates has nudged financial markets to higher levels

D. Spain and Italy borrow at cheaper rates nudged financial markets to higher levels

E. Spain and Italy borrow at cheaper rates nudged financial markets higher



(A) and (C) can be eliminated for the usage of the singular verb “has nudged”, when the subject is the plural noun “hopes”. The usage of just the word “higher” is another reason to eliminate the option.

(E) can be eliminated for the usage of both the simple past “nudged” and the construction “higher”.

(D) uses the incorrect tense construction. The present perfect “have nudged” is the correct usage, given the timeline of the sentence.


Choice B is the correct answer. It uses the correct tense and also has Subject-Verb agreement.

Hope this helps. :D
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Re: Hopes that the European Central Bank will reach a deal to help Spain a  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Jul 2017, 22:20
first split i can see is 'hopes' needs plural subject....
also,,, since recently is used, the action is still conitnuing and perfect tense is apt..


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Re: Hopes that the European Central Bank will reach a deal to help Spain a  [#permalink]

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New post 28 May 2020, 20:13
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Re: Hopes that the European Central Bank will reach a deal to help Spain a   [#permalink] 28 May 2020, 20:13

Hopes that the European Central Bank will reach a deal to help Spain a

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