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# Horace wrote, “conquered Greece took captive her conqueror”: when they

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SC Moderator
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Horace wrote, “conquered Greece took captive her conqueror”: when they  [#permalink]

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25 Sep 2018, 19:39
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Horace wrote, “conquered Greece took captive her conqueror”: when they conquered Greece, the Roman Empire did not really extinguish Greek culture, they assimilate it more, thoroughly embracing Greek philosophy and arts and spreading these widely throughout the Empire.

A. when they conquered Greece, the Roman Empire did not really extinguish Greek culture, they assimilated it more, thoroughly embracing
B. when the Roman Empire conquered Greece, it was not like extinguishing Greek culture, but like assimilating it, and they thoroughly embraced
C. in the conquest of Greece, the Roman Empire assimilated Greek culture more than extinguishing it, and it thoroughly embraced
D. in conquering Greece, the Roman Empire did not so much extinguish Greek culture as assimilate it, thoroughly embracing
E. in the conquest of Greece, the Roman Empire was more like an assimilator of Greek culture than like an extinguisher of it, and they thoroughly embraced

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Re: Horace wrote, “conquered Greece took captive her conqueror”: when they  [#permalink]

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25 Sep 2018, 19:52
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aragonn wrote:
Horace wrote, “conquered Greece took captive her conqueror”: when they conquered Greece, the Roman Empire did not really extinguish Greek culture, they assimilate it more, thoroughly embracing Greek philosophy and arts and spreading these widely throughout the Empire.

A. when they conquered Greece, the Roman Empire did not really extinguish Greek culture, they assimilated it more, thoroughly embracing
B. when the Roman Empire conquered Greece, it was not like extinguishing Greek culture, but like assimilating it, and they thoroughly embraced
C. in the conquest of Greece, the Roman Empire assimilated Greek culture more than extinguishing it, and it thoroughly embraced
D. in conquering Greece, the Roman Empire did not so much extinguish Greek culture as assimilate it, thoroughly embracing
E. in the conquest of Greece, the Roman Empire was more like an assimilator of Greek culture than like an extinguisher of it, and they thoroughly embraced

+1 for D

If we observe the non-underlined part of the sentence, then we have only one split which will take us to the answer.

Split 1:
We have a parallel list here
thoroughly embracing Greek philosophy and arts and spreading these
Embracing and spreading need to be in parallel
Eliminate B, C and E
Option A has pronoun ambiguity. Hence, D is our winner

--> Apart from correct parallelism, option D also uses the correct idiom Not so much A as B
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Re: Horace wrote, “conquered Greece took captive her conqueror”: when they  [#permalink]

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26 Sep 2018, 20:36
aragonn wrote:
Horace wrote, “conquered Greece took captive her conqueror”: when they conquered Greece, the Roman Empire did not really extinguish Greek culture, they assimilate it more, thoroughly embracing Greek philosophy and arts and spreading these widely throughout the Empire.

A. when they conquered Greece, the Roman Empire did not really extinguish Greek culture, they assimilated it more, thoroughly embracing
B. when the Roman Empire conquered Greece, it was not like extinguishing Greek culture, but like assimilating it, and they thoroughly embraced
C. in the conquest of Greece, the Roman Empire assimilated Greek culture more than extinguishing it, and it thoroughly embraced
D. in conquering Greece, the Roman Empire did not so much extinguish Greek culture as assimilate it, thoroughly embracing
E. in the conquest of Greece, the Roman Empire was more like an assimilator of Greek culture than like an extinguisher of it, and they thoroughly embraced

Official Explanation

A question about the great Roman poet Horace.

Split #1: pronouns

Obviously, there were quite a few people in the “Roman Empire,” but that noun is singular and requires a singular pronoun. Using the plural pronoun “they” constitutes a pronoun mistake. Choices (A) & (E) make this mistake and are incorrect.

Similarly, the pronoun “it” in (B) is incorrect. The antecedent of pronoun must be a noun: a pronoun can’t refer to the action of a clause, as “it” does here. Choice (B) is incorrect.

Split #2: repeated pronouns

In a particular region in a sentence, the same pronoun needs to refer to the same thing. In choice (C), in the phrase “... extinguishing it, and it thoroughly embraced …” the first “it” refers to “Greek culture,” and the second “it” refers to the “Roman Empire.” That’s also a pronoun mistake.

The only possible answer is (D).
_________________
Simple strategy:
“Once you’ve eliminated the impossible, whatever remains, however improbable, must be the truth.”

GMAT Ninja YouTube! Series 1| GMAT Ninja YouTube! Series 2 | How to Improve GMAT Quant from Q49 to a Perfect Q51 | Time management

My Notes:
Reading comprehension | Critical Reasoning | Absolute Phrases | Subjunctive Mood
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Re: Horace wrote, “conquered Greece took captive her conqueror”: when they  [#permalink]

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14 Oct 2018, 01:39
Horace wrote, “conquered Greece took captive her conqueror”: when they conquered Greece, the Roman Empire did not really extinguish Greek culture, they assimilate it more, thoroughly embracing Greek philosophy and arts and spreading these widely throughout the Empire.

A. when they conquered Greece, the Roman Empire did not really extinguish Greek culture, they assimilated it more, thoroughly embracing
B. when the Roman Empire conquered Greece, it was not like extinguishing Greek culture, but like assimilating it, and they thoroughly embraced
C. in the conquest of Greece, the Roman Empire assimilated Greek culture more than extinguishing it, and it thoroughly embraced --> pronoun ambiguity: both the "it"s are not refer to the same antecedent
D. in conquering Greece, the Roman Empire did not so much extinguish Greek culture as assimilate it, thoroughly embracing --> correct
E. in the conquest of Greece, the Roman Empire was more like an assimilator of Greek culture than like an extinguisher of it, and they thoroughly embraced
Re: Horace wrote, “conquered Greece took captive her conqueror”: when they   [#permalink] 14 Oct 2018, 01:39
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