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How do the airlines expect to prevent commercial plane

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How do the airlines expect to prevent commercial plane [#permalink]

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How do the airlines expect to prevent commercial plane crashes? Studies have shown that pilot error contributes to two-thirds of all such crashes. To address this problem, the airlines have upgraded their training programs by increasing the hours of classroom instruction and emphasizing communication skills in the cockpit. But it is unrealistic to expect such measures to compensate for pilots' lack of actual flying time. Therefore, the airlines should rethink their training approach to reducing commercial crashes.

Which one of the following is an assumption upon which the argument depends?

(A) Training programs can eliminate pilot errors.
(B) Commercial pilots routinely undergo additional training throughout their careers.
(C) The number of airline crashes will decrease if pilot training programs focus on increasing actual flying time.
(D) Lack of actual flying time is an important contributor to pilot error in commercial plane crashes.
(E) Communication skills are not important to pilot training programs.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: How do the airlines expect to prevent commercial plane [#permalink]

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New post 20 Apr 2005, 00:22
should be D

A - out of scope - doesnt talk about the lack of flying time or anything related to the arguments.

B - out of scope, what trainings ? is not specified.

c - close, but doesnt look an assumption to me.

d- my choice.

e- absurd !
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Re: How do the airlines expect to prevent commercial plane [#permalink]

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New post 20 Apr 2005, 00:26
Lets wait for others postings.
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Re: How do the airlines expect to prevent commercial plane [#permalink]

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New post 20 Apr 2005, 05:56
(A) Training programs can eliminate pilot errors. (this might be it) It is not said that lack of training or insufficient training is the cause of pilot errors.
(B) Commercial pilots routinely undergo additional training throughout their careers. (out of scope)
(C) The number of airline crashes will decrease if pilot training programs focus on increasing actual flying time. (well the passage didn’t say that)
(D) Lack of actual flying time is an important contributor to pilot error in commercial plane crashes. ( could be this as well, but the stem does not really emphasize lack of actual flying time that much)
(E) Communication skills are not important to pilot training programs. (out of scope)

This is down to A and D.
I will pick A
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Re: How do the airlines expect to prevent commercial plane [#permalink]

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New post 20 Apr 2005, 06:16
MA wrote:
How do the airlines expect to prevent commercial plane crashes? Studies have shown that pilot error contributes to two-thirds of all such crashes. To address this problem, the airlines have upgraded their training programs by increasing the hours of classroom instruction and emphasizing communication skills in the cockpit. But it is unrealistic to expect such measures to compensate for pilots’ lack of actual flying time. Therefore, the airlines should rethink their training approach to reducing commercial crashes.

Which one of the following is an assumption upon which the argument depends?

(A) Training programs can eliminate pilot errors.
(B) Commercial pilots routinely undergo additional training throughout their careers.
(C) The number of airline crashes will decrease if pilot training programs focus on increasing actual flying time.
(D) Lack of actual flying time is an important contributor to pilot error in commercial plane crashes.
(E) Communication skills are not important to pilot training programs.


b/w C and D, I go with D.

C is too absolute.
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Re: How do the airlines expect to prevent commercial plane [#permalink]

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New post 20 Apr 2005, 06:19
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I believe it is (D). I came close to chosing (C).

The author says that lack flying time cannot be compensated by training on other factors. That means lack of flying time must an important factor.
(C) is a trap because if we negate (C) we get

The number of airline crashes will not decrease if pilot training programs focus on increasing actual flying time.

Well this could be true if the airline companies just focused on more flying time and other factors could lead to crashes. This does not break the author's argument but (D) does.
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Re: How do the airlines expect to prevent commercial plane [#permalink]

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New post 20 Apr 2005, 06:30
I will go with 'D'

The 'will decrease' in 'C' is too strong.
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Re: How do the airlines expect to prevent commercial plane [#permalink]

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New post 20 Apr 2005, 06:37
Folaa3 wrote:
(A) Training programs can eliminate pilot errors. (this might be it) It is not said that lack of training or insufficient training is the cause of pilot errors.
(B) Commercial pilots routinely undergo additional training throughout their careers. (out of scope)
(C) The number of airline crashes will decrease if pilot training programs focus on increasing actual flying time. (well the passage didn’t say that)
(D) Lack of actual flying time is an important contributor to pilot error in commercial plane crashes. ( could be this as well, but the stem does not really emphasize lack of actual flying time that much)
(E) Communication skills are not important to pilot training programs. (out of scope)

This is down to A and D.
I will pick A


(A) Training programs can eliminate pilot errors. (this might be it) It is not said that lack of training or insufficient training is the cause of pilot errors.

(D) Lack of actual flying time is an important contributor to pilot error in commercial plane crashes. ( could be this as well, but the stem does not really emphasize lack of actual flying time that much)

Hi, the author said training programs such as increasing the hours of classroom instruction or emphasizing communication skills in the cockpit are not the major factors to reduce crashes. We do not know whether pilot errors are caused by the lack of training programs because he said it is unrealistic to expect such measures.

Also, he implied in fact pilots' flying time is the major factors. So, the lack of actual flying time is an important contributor to pilot error.
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Re: How do the airlines expect to prevent commercial plane [#permalink]

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New post 20 Apr 2005, 07:15
It's bet C and D....but "D" is better. Once u negate it argument falls apart.
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Re: How do the airlines expect to prevent commercial plane [#permalink]

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New post 20 Apr 2005, 09:58
(C) and (D) are close, but i'll take (D).
(C) is too strongly worded (training programs should focus)
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Re: How do the airlines expect to prevent commercial plane [#permalink]

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New post 20 Apr 2005, 10:30
thanx guys, OA is D.
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Re: How do the airlines expect to prevent commercial plane [#permalink]

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1) How do the airlines expect to prevent commercial plane crashes?

2) Studies have shown that pilot error contributes to two-thirds of all such crashes.

3) To address this problem, the airlines have upgraded their training programs by increasing the hours of classroom instruction and emphasizing communication skills in the cockpit.

4) But it is unrealistic to expect such measures to compensate for pilots’ lack of actual flying time.

5) Therefore, the airlines should rethink their training approach to reducing commercial crashes. <--conclusion

Which one of the following is an assumption upon which the argument depends?

(A) Training programs can eliminate pilot errors.
- No. The author here is challenging airliens to rethink their trainig approach by providing more actual flying time. A is out.

(B) Commercial pilots routinely undergo additional training throughout their careers.
- If so, any form of training will do. B is out.

(C) The number of airline crashes will decrease if pilot training programs focus on increasing actual flying time.
- C is close, but 'will' says that the number of crashes decreasing is definite as long as there is an increase in actual flying time.

(D) Lack of actual flying time is an important contributor to pilot error in commercial plane crashes.
- This is the assumption required. If lack of actual flying time contributes to pilot error in plane crahses, then the pilot should be given more actual flying time so he/she becomes more proficient.

(E) Communication skills are not important to pilot training programs.
- Out of scope.

D is best.
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Re: How do the airlines expect to prevent commercial plane [#permalink]

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New post 20 Apr 2005, 20:08
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anandnk wrote:
I believe it is (D). I came close to chosing (C).

The author says that lack flying time cannot be compensated by training on other factors. That means lack of flying time must an important factor.
(C) is a trap because if we negate (C) we get

The number of airline crashes will not decrease if pilot training programs focus on increasing actual flying time.

Well this could be true if the airline companies just focused on more flying time and other factors could lead to crashes. This does not break the author's argument but (D) does.


Just to touch on a little bit more on negation here:

If we negate (D), then it will read as:

Lack of actual flying time is not an important contributor to pilot error in commercial plane crashes.

Obviously, by negating D, the conclusion can no longer hold.

However, if you negate (C), then it will read as:

The number of airlines crashes will not decrease if pilot training program focus on increasing actual flying time.

Okay, by negating this, we know that the number of airline crashes will not decrease, but it does not improve either. So negating C does not hold up the conclusion.
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Re: How do the airlines expect to prevent commercial plane [#permalink]

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New post 21 Apr 2005, 09:49
I pick D

Here the assumption is that flying time will decrease pilot errors...

A) is to broad in its scope
B)out of context
c) is the conclusion not the assumption!
d) correct
e) not true...
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Re: How do the airlines expect to prevent commercial plane [#permalink]

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How do the airlines expect to prevent commercial plane crashes? Studies have shown that pilot error contributes to two-thirds of all such crashes. To address this problem, the airlines have upgraded their training programs by increasing the hours of classroom instruction and emphasizing communication skills in the cockpit. But it is unrealistic to expect such measures to compensate for pilots’ lack of actual flying time. Therefore, the airlines should rethink their training approach to reducing commercial crashes.

Which one of the following is an assumption upon which the argument depends?

(A) Training programs can eliminate pilot errors.
(B) Commercial pilots routinely undergo additional training throughout their careers.
(C) The number of airline crashes will decrease if pilot training programs focus on increasing actual flying time.
(D) Lack of actual flying time is an important contributor to pilot error in commercial plane crashes.
(E) Communication skills are not important to pilot training programs.

Last edited by aditya8062 on 11 Dec 2014, 22:43, edited 1 time in total.
OA not provided
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Re: How do the airlines expect to prevent commercial plane [#permalink]

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New post 20 Aug 2007, 00:47
I would go with C.

D could not be right here.

The passage concerns about the quality of pilot's skills. However, choice D shows us different point of view. In this case the airlines should provide training programs based on actual flying time.
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Re: How do the airlines expect to prevent commercial plane [#permalink]

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New post 20 Aug 2007, 00:59
I would go for C. At least C touches on how to improve the training program. D would be good if C was saying something else.
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Re: How do the airlines expect to prevent commercial plane [#permalink]

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New post 20 Aug 2007, 03:02
Fistail wrote:
How do the airlines expect to prevent commercial plane crashes? Studies have shown that pilot error contributes to two-thirds of all such crashes. To address this problem, the airlines have upgraded their training programs by increasing the hours of classroom instruction and emphasizing communication skills in the cockpit. But it is unrealistic to expect such measures to compensate for pilots’ lack of actual flying time. Therefore, the airlines should rethink their training approach to reducing commercial crashes.

Which one of the following is an assumption upon which the argument depends?

(A) Training programs can eliminate pilot errors.
(B) Commercial pilots routinely undergo additional training throughout their careers.
(C) The number of airline crashes will decrease if pilot training programs focus on increasing actual flying time.
(D) Lack of actual flying time is an important contributor to pilot error in commercial plane crashes.
(E) Communication skills are not important to pilot training programs.


what is the diff between C and D? why one is better (OA) than the another?


I would go with C.

I think the differences between C and D are that C focuses on training program versus D focuses on something else. The argument is really about the training program ("Therefore, the airlines should rethink their training approach to reducing commercial crashes") so C.

What's OA?
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Re: How do the airlines expect to prevent commercial plane [#permalink]

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New post 20 Aug 2007, 07:56
D.
It is argued here that But it is unrealistic to expect such measures to compensate for pilots’ lack of actual flying time. So, the airlines should rethink their training approach to reducing commercial crashes.
Option D correctly reflects the assumption upon which the argument rests.

Fistail wrote:
How do the airlines expect to prevent commercial plane crashes? Studies have shown that pilot error contributes to two-thirds of all such crashes. To address this problem, the airlines have upgraded their training programs by increasing the hours of classroom instruction and emphasizing communication skills in the cockpit. But it is unrealistic to expect such measures to compensate for pilots’ lack of actual flying time. Therefore, the airlines should rethink their training approach to reducing commercial crashes.

Which one of the following is an assumption upon which the argument depends?

(A) Training programs can eliminate pilot errors.
(B) Commercial pilots routinely undergo additional training throughout their careers.
(C) The number of airline crashes will decrease if pilot training programs focus on increasing actual flying time.
(D) Lack of actual flying time is an important contributor to pilot error in commercial plane crashes.
(E) Communication skills are not important to pilot training programs.


what is the diff between C and D? why one is better (OA) than the another?
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Re: How do the airlines expect to prevent commercial plane [#permalink]

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New post 20 Aug 2007, 09:21
Fistail wrote:
How do the airlines expect to prevent commercial plane crashes? Studies have shown that pilot error contributes to two-thirds of all such crashes. To address this problem, the airlines have upgraded their training programs by increasing the hours of classroom instruction and emphasizing communication skills in the cockpit. But it is unrealistic to expect such measures to compensate for pilots’ lack of actual flying time. Therefore, the airlines should rethink their training approach to reducing commercial crashes.

Which one of the following is an assumption upon which the argument depends?

(A) Training programs can eliminate pilot errors.
(B) Commercial pilots routinely undergo additional training throughout their careers.
(C) The number of airline crashes will decrease if pilot training programs focus on increasing actual flying time.
(D) Lack of actual flying time is an important contributor to pilot error in commercial plane crashes.
(E) Communication skills are not important to pilot training programs.


what is the diff between C and D? why one is better (OA) than the another?


Should be D.
It comes down to C and D for me. I feel C is a sure prediction and the argument did not give enough information to predict that. The argument said "rethink".
Re: How do the airlines expect to prevent commercial plane   [#permalink] 20 Aug 2007, 09:21

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