Check GMAT Club Decision Tracker for the Latest School Decision Releases https://gmatclub.com/AppTrack

 It is currently 24 May 2017, 01:35

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

# Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in June
Open Detailed Calendar

# How do the airlines expect to prevent commercial plane

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

VP
Joined: 25 Nov 2004
Posts: 1486
Followers: 7

Kudos [?]: 104 [2] , given: 0

How do the airlines expect to prevent commercial plane [#permalink]

### Show Tags

20 Apr 2005, 00:17
2
KUDOS
1
This post was
BOOKMARKED
00:00

Difficulty:

25% (medium)

Question Stats:

68% (02:47) correct 32% (01:29) wrong based on 931 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

How do the airlines expect to prevent commercial plane crashes? Studies have shown that pilot error contributes to two-thirds of all such crashes. To address this problem, the airlines have upgraded their training programs by increasing the hours of classroom instruction and emphasizing communication skills in the cockpit. But it is unrealistic to expect such measures to compensate for pilotsâ€™ lack of actual flying time. Therefore, the airlines should rethink their training approach to reducing commercial crashes.

Which one of the following is an assumption upon which the argument depends?

(A) Training programs can eliminate pilot errors.
(B) Commercial pilots routinely undergo additional training throughout their careers.
(C) The number of airline crashes will decrease if pilot training programs focus on increasing actual flying time.
(D) Lack of actual flying time is an important contributor to pilot error in commercial plane crashes.
(E) Communication skills are not important to pilot training programs.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
If you have any questions
New!
Director
Joined: 03 May 2007
Posts: 876
Schools: University of Chicago, Wharton School
Followers: 6

Kudos [?]: 208 [3] , given: 7

How do the airlines expect to prevent commercial plane [#permalink]

### Show Tags

19 Aug 2007, 22:13
3
KUDOS
15
This post was
BOOKMARKED
How do the airlines expect to prevent commercial plane crashes? Studies have shown that pilot error contributes to two-thirds of all such crashes. To address this problem, the airlines have upgraded their training programs by increasing the hours of classroom instruction and emphasizing communication skills in the cockpit. But it is unrealistic to expect such measures to compensate for pilots’ lack of actual flying time. Therefore, the airlines should rethink their training approach to reducing commercial crashes.

Which one of the following is an assumption upon which the argument depends?

(A) Training programs can eliminate pilot errors.
(B) Commercial pilots routinely undergo additional training throughout their careers.
(C) The number of airline crashes will decrease if pilot training programs focus on increasing actual flying time.
(D) Lack of actual flying time is an important contributor to pilot error in commercial plane crashes.
(E) Communication skills are not important to pilot training programs.

Last edited by aditya8062 on 11 Dec 2014, 22:43, edited 1 time in total.
OA not provided
SVP
Joined: 30 Oct 2003
Posts: 1790
Location: NewJersey USA
Followers: 6

Kudos [?]: 101 [2] , given: 0

### Show Tags

20 Apr 2005, 06:19
2
KUDOS
I believe it is (D). I came close to chosing (C).

The author says that lack flying time cannot be compensated by training on other factors. That means lack of flying time must an important factor.
(C) is a trap because if we negate (C) we get

The number of airline crashes will not decrease if pilot training programs focus on increasing actual flying time.

Well this could be true if the airline companies just focused on more flying time and other factors could lead to crashes. This does not break the author's argument but (D) does.
GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 07 Jul 2004
Posts: 5045
Location: Singapore
Followers: 31

Kudos [?]: 376 [1] , given: 0

### Show Tags

20 Apr 2005, 19:49
1
KUDOS
1) How do the airlines expect to prevent commercial plane crashes?

2) Studies have shown that pilot error contributes to two-thirds of all such crashes.

3) To address this problem, the airlines have upgraded their training programs by increasing the hours of classroom instruction and emphasizing communication skills in the cockpit.

4) But it is unrealistic to expect such measures to compensate for pilotsâ€™ lack of actual flying time.

5) Therefore, the airlines should rethink their training approach to reducing commercial crashes. <--conclusion

Which one of the following is an assumption upon which the argument depends?

(A) Training programs can eliminate pilot errors.
- No. The author here is challenging airliens to rethink their trainig approach by providing more actual flying time. A is out.

(B) Commercial pilots routinely undergo additional training throughout their careers.
- If so, any form of training will do. B is out.

(C) The number of airline crashes will decrease if pilot training programs focus on increasing actual flying time.
- C is close, but 'will' says that the number of crashes decreasing is definite as long as there is an increase in actual flying time.

(D) Lack of actual flying time is an important contributor to pilot error in commercial plane crashes.
- This is the assumption required. If lack of actual flying time contributes to pilot error in plane crahses, then the pilot should be given more actual flying time so he/she becomes more proficient.

(E) Communication skills are not important to pilot training programs.
- Out of scope.

D is best.
GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 07 Jul 2004
Posts: 5045
Location: Singapore
Followers: 31

Kudos [?]: 376 [1] , given: 0

### Show Tags

20 Apr 2005, 20:08
1
KUDOS
anandnk wrote:
I believe it is (D). I came close to chosing (C).

The author says that lack flying time cannot be compensated by training on other factors. That means lack of flying time must an important factor.
(C) is a trap because if we negate (C) we get

The number of airline crashes will not decrease if pilot training programs focus on increasing actual flying time.

Well this could be true if the airline companies just focused on more flying time and other factors could lead to crashes. This does not break the author's argument but (D) does.

Just to touch on a little bit more on negation here:

If we negate (D), then it will read as:

Lack of actual flying time is not an important contributor to pilot error in commercial plane crashes.

Obviously, by negating D, the conclusion can no longer hold.

However, if you negate (C), then it will read as:

The number of airlines crashes will not decrease if pilot training program focus on increasing actual flying time.

Okay, by negating this, we know that the number of airline crashes will not decrease, but it does not improve either. So negating C does not hold up the conclusion.
Manager
Joined: 02 Jan 2011
Posts: 197
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 53 [1] , given: 22

Re: How do the airlines expect to prevent commercial plane [#permalink]

### Show Tags

21 May 2012, 01:24
1
KUDOS
(A) Training programs can eliminate pilot errors. - It is already stated in the argument. Cannot be an assumption. Argument talks about increasing the training programs. - Incorrect

(B) Commercial pilots routinely undergo additional training throughout their careers. - This is also a given piece of information which can be inferred from the given passage. - Incorrect

(C) The number of airline crashes will decrease if pilot training programs focus on increasing actual flying time. - The use of words like "will" makes it an obvious thing. Focusing on actual flying time may not decrease crashes. - Incorrect

(D) Lack of actual flying time is an important contributor to pilot error in commercial plane crashes. - "Important contributor" states that the lact of actual flying time is one of the contributors for pilor errors. This fills the gap in the argument. Hence this is the assumption - Correct

(E) Communication skills are not important to pilot training programs. - It can be considered to be out of scope - Incorrect
Manager
Joined: 21 Jun 2004
Posts: 237
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 4 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

20 Apr 2005, 00:22
should be D

A - out of scope - doesnt talk about the lack of flying time or anything related to the arguments.

B - out of scope, what trainings ? is not specified.

c - close, but doesnt look an assumption to me.

d- my choice.

e- absurd !
VP
Joined: 25 Nov 2004
Posts: 1486
Followers: 7

Kudos [?]: 104 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

20 Apr 2005, 00:26
Lets wait for others postings.
Director
Joined: 27 Dec 2004
Posts: 901
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 45 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

20 Apr 2005, 05:56
(A) Training programs can eliminate pilot errors. (this might be it) It is not said that lack of training or insufficient training is the cause of pilot errors.
(B) Commercial pilots routinely undergo additional training throughout their careers. (out of scope)
(C) The number of airline crashes will decrease if pilot training programs focus on increasing actual flying time. (well the passage didnâ€™t say that)
(D) Lack of actual flying time is an important contributor to pilot error in commercial plane crashes. ( could be this as well, but the stem does not really emphasize lack of actual flying time that much)
(E) Communication skills are not important to pilot training programs. (out of scope)

This is down to A and D.
I will pick A
VP
Joined: 26 Apr 2004
Posts: 1213
Location: Taiwan
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 687 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

20 Apr 2005, 06:16
MA wrote:
How do the airlines expect to prevent commercial plane crashes? Studies have shown that pilot error contributes to two-thirds of all such crashes. To address this problem, the airlines have upgraded their training programs by increasing the hours of classroom instruction and emphasizing communication skills in the cockpit. But it is unrealistic to expect such measures to compensate for pilotsâ€™ lack of actual flying time. Therefore, the airlines should rethink their training approach to reducing commercial crashes.

Which one of the following is an assumption upon which the argument depends?

(A) Training programs can eliminate pilot errors.
(B) Commercial pilots routinely undergo additional training throughout their careers.
(C) The number of airline crashes will decrease if pilot training programs focus on increasing actual flying time.
(D) Lack of actual flying time is an important contributor to pilot error in commercial plane crashes.
(E) Communication skills are not important to pilot training programs.

b/w C and D, I go with D.

C is too absolute.
Director
Joined: 03 Nov 2004
Posts: 858
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 54 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

20 Apr 2005, 06:30
I will go with 'D'

The 'will decrease' in 'C' is too strong.
VP
Joined: 26 Apr 2004
Posts: 1213
Location: Taiwan
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 687 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

20 Apr 2005, 06:37
Folaa3 wrote:
(A) Training programs can eliminate pilot errors. (this might be it) It is not said that lack of training or insufficient training is the cause of pilot errors.
(B) Commercial pilots routinely undergo additional training throughout their careers. (out of scope)
(C) The number of airline crashes will decrease if pilot training programs focus on increasing actual flying time. (well the passage didnâ€™t say that)
(D) Lack of actual flying time is an important contributor to pilot error in commercial plane crashes. ( could be this as well, but the stem does not really emphasize lack of actual flying time that much)
(E) Communication skills are not important to pilot training programs. (out of scope)

This is down to A and D.
I will pick A

(A) Training programs can eliminate pilot errors. (this might be it) It is not said that lack of training or insufficient training is the cause of pilot errors.

(D) Lack of actual flying time is an important contributor to pilot error in commercial plane crashes. ( could be this as well, but the stem does not really emphasize lack of actual flying time that much)

Hi, the author said training programs such as increasing the hours of classroom instruction or emphasizing communication skills in the cockpit are not the major factors to reduce crashes. We do not know whether pilot errors are caused by the lack of training programs because he said it is unrealistic to expect such measures.

Also, he implied in fact pilots' flying time is the major factors. So, the lack of actual flying time is an important contributor to pilot error.
VP
Joined: 18 Nov 2004
Posts: 1436
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 39 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

20 Apr 2005, 07:15
It's bet C and D....but "D" is better. Once u negate it argument falls apart.
Director
Joined: 05 Jan 2005
Posts: 558
Followers: 2

Kudos [?]: 22 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

20 Apr 2005, 09:58
(C) and (D) are close, but i'll take (D).
(C) is too strongly worded (training programs should focus)
VP
Joined: 25 Nov 2004
Posts: 1486
Followers: 7

Kudos [?]: 104 [0], given: 0

### Show Tags

20 Apr 2005, 10:30
thanx guys, OA is D.
Current Student
Joined: 28 Dec 2004
Posts: 3363
Location: New York City
Schools: Wharton'11 HBS'12
Followers: 15

Kudos [?]: 297 [0], given: 2

### Show Tags

21 Apr 2005, 09:49
I pick D

Here the assumption is that flying time will decrease pilot errors...

A) is to broad in its scope
B)out of context
c) is the conclusion not the assumption!
d) correct
e) not true...
Manager
Joined: 20 Jun 2005
Posts: 145
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 134 [0], given: 0

Re: How do the airlines expect to prevent commercial plane [#permalink]

### Show Tags

20 Aug 2007, 00:47
I would go with C.

D could not be right here.

The passage concerns about the quality of pilot's skills. However, choice D shows us different point of view. In this case the airlines should provide training programs based on actual flying time.
GMAT Club Legend
Joined: 07 Jul 2004
Posts: 5045
Location: Singapore
Followers: 31

Kudos [?]: 376 [0], given: 0

Re: How do the airlines expect to prevent commercial plane [#permalink]

### Show Tags

20 Aug 2007, 00:59
I would go for C. At least C touches on how to improve the training program. D would be good if C was saying something else.
Manager
Joined: 14 May 2006
Posts: 200
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 11 [0], given: 0

Re: How do the airlines expect to prevent commercial plane [#permalink]

### Show Tags

20 Aug 2007, 03:02
Fistail wrote:
How do the airlines expect to prevent commercial plane crashes? Studies have shown that pilot error contributes to two-thirds of all such crashes. To address this problem, the airlines have upgraded their training programs by increasing the hours of classroom instruction and emphasizing communication skills in the cockpit. But it is unrealistic to expect such measures to compensate for pilots’ lack of actual flying time. Therefore, the airlines should rethink their training approach to reducing commercial crashes.

Which one of the following is an assumption upon which the argument depends?

(A) Training programs can eliminate pilot errors.
(B) Commercial pilots routinely undergo additional training throughout their careers.
(C) The number of airline crashes will decrease if pilot training programs focus on increasing actual flying time.
(D) Lack of actual flying time is an important contributor to pilot error in commercial plane crashes.
(E) Communication skills are not important to pilot training programs.

what is the diff between C and D? why one is better (OA) than the another?

I would go with C.

I think the differences between C and D are that C focuses on training program versus D focuses on something else. The argument is really about the training program ("Therefore, the airlines should rethink their training approach to reducing commercial crashes") so C.

What's OA?
Manager
Status: Post MBA, working in the area of Development Finance
Joined: 09 Oct 2006
Posts: 169
Location: Africa
Followers: 1

Kudos [?]: 3 [0], given: 1

Re: How do the airlines expect to prevent commercial plane [#permalink]

### Show Tags

20 Aug 2007, 07:56
D.
It is argued here that But it is unrealistic to expect such measures to compensate for pilots’ lack of actual flying time. So, the airlines should rethink their training approach to reducing commercial crashes.
Option D correctly reflects the assumption upon which the argument rests.

Fistail wrote:
How do the airlines expect to prevent commercial plane crashes? Studies have shown that pilot error contributes to two-thirds of all such crashes. To address this problem, the airlines have upgraded their training programs by increasing the hours of classroom instruction and emphasizing communication skills in the cockpit. But it is unrealistic to expect such measures to compensate for pilots’ lack of actual flying time. Therefore, the airlines should rethink their training approach to reducing commercial crashes.

Which one of the following is an assumption upon which the argument depends?

(A) Training programs can eliminate pilot errors.
(B) Commercial pilots routinely undergo additional training throughout their careers.
(C) The number of airline crashes will decrease if pilot training programs focus on increasing actual flying time.
(D) Lack of actual flying time is an important contributor to pilot error in commercial plane crashes.
(E) Communication skills are not important to pilot training programs.

what is the diff between C and D? why one is better (OA) than the another?
Re: How do the airlines expect to prevent commercial plane   [#permalink] 20 Aug 2007, 07:56

Go to page    1   2   3   4    Next  [ 62 posts ]

Similar topics Replies Last post
Similar
Topics:
3 Commercial: At the Soupcon Soup Company 3 27 Jun 2016, 19:21
2 Commercial Passenger Airplanes 0 04 Jun 2015, 03:52
1 Sulforaphane, a cancer-preventing compound found in 1 14 Aug 2013, 07:31
To prevent overcrowding, last month the town zoning board 5 26 Aug 2013, 22:04
8 How do the airlines expect to prevent commercial plane 16 19 Oct 2015, 14:40
Display posts from previous: Sort by

# How do the airlines expect to prevent commercial plane

 Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group and phpBB SEO Kindly note that the GMAT® test is a registered trademark of the Graduate Management Admission Council®, and this site has neither been reviewed nor endorsed by GMAC®.