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Humans have been damaging the environment for centuries by

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Humans have been damaging the environment for centuries by [#permalink]

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18 Aug 2007, 08:49
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Humans have been damaging the environment for centuries by overcutting trees and farming too intensively, and though some protective measures, like the establishment of national forests and wildlife sanctuaries, having been taken decades ago, great increases in population and in the intensity of industrialization are causing a worldwide ecological crisis.

A. though some protective measures, like the establishment of national forests and wildlife sanctuaries, having been taken decades ago, great increases in population

B. though some protective measures, such as the establishment of national forests and wildlife sanctuaries, were taken decades ago, great increases in population

C. though some protective measures, such as establishing national forests and wildlife sanctuaries having been taken decades ago, great population increases

D. with some protective measures, like establishing national forests and wildlife sanctuaries that were taken decades ago, great increases in population

E. with some protective measures, such as the establishment of national forests and wildlife sanctuaries, having been taken decades ago, great population increases

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Ok I realized it as soon as I posted the question.

"the establishment" should be parallel with "the measure".

"establishing" is not parallel (in word form) with "the measures" in word form

[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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Re: Humans have been damaging the environment for centuries by [#permalink]

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18 Aug 2007, 09:17
solidcolor wrote:
Humans have been damaging the environment for centuries by overcutting trees and farming too intensively, and though some protective measures, like the establishment of national forests and wildlife sanctuaries, having been taken decades ago, great increases in population and in the intensity of industrialization are causing a worldwide ecological crisis.

A. though some protective measures, like the establishment of national forests and wildlife sanctuaries, having been taken decades ago, great increases in population

B. though some protective measures, such as the establishment of national forests and wildlife sanctuaries, were taken decades ago, great increases in population

C. though some protective measures, such as establishing national forests and wildlife sanctuaries having been taken decades ago, great population increases

D. with some protective measures, like establishing national forests and wildlife sanctuaries that were taken decades ago, great increases in population

E. with some protective measures, such as the establishment of national forests and wildlife sanctuaries, having been taken decades ago, great population increases

~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~~

Ok I realized it as soon as I posted the question.

"the establishment" should be parallel with "the measure".

"establishing" is not parallel (in word form) with "the measures" in word form

u r completely right, but the issue is not about establishment or establishing, but about Like or Such as,

Like is normally used to say the similarities, while Such as is used to give examples. so we should use SUCH AS here to give examples of protective measures such as....
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Re: Humans have been damaging the environment for centuries by [#permalink]

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18 Aug 2007, 09:22
solidcolor wrote:
Humans have been damaging the environment for centuries by overcutting trees and farming too intensively, and though some protective measures, like the establishment of national forests and wildlife sanctuaries, having been taken decades ago, great increases in population and in the intensity of industrialization are causing a worldwide ecological crisis.

A. though some protective measures, like the establishment of national forests and wildlife sanctuaries, having been taken decades ago, great increases in population
B. though some protective measures, such as the establishment of national forests and wildlife sanctuaries, were taken decades ago, great increases in population
C. though some protective measures, such as establishing national forests and wildlife sanctuaries having been taken decades ago, great population increases
D. with some protective measures, like establishing national forests and wildlife sanctuaries that were taken decades ago, great increases in population
E. with some protective measures, such as the establishment of national forests and wildlife sanctuaries, having been taken decades ago, great population increases

B. such as is good here. the clauses (dependent and independent) should also be considered.
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Re: Humans have been damaging the environment for centuries by [#permalink]

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18 Aug 2007, 09:26
Ravshonbek wrote:
u r completely right, but the issue is not about establishment or establishing, but about Like or Such as,

Like is normally used to say the similarities, while Such as is used to give examples. so we should use SUCH AS here to give examples of protective measures such as....

Yup. Thanks for re-stating the rule of LIKE and SUCH AS.

At first I ruled out A and D, for I determined SUCH AS is preferred here. That leaves B, C and E.

THOUGH is needed in this context, instead of WITH. So I continued to rule out E, leaving B and C on the table.

The question is now choosing between THE ESTABLISHMENT and ESTABLISHING.
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Re: Humans have been damaging the environment for centuries by [#permalink]

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18 Aug 2007, 09:38
The forest reserves have been estableshed decades ago.

B stands
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Re: Humans have been damaging the environment for centuries by [#permalink]

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18 Aug 2007, 09:40
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trivikram wrote:
The forest reserves have been estableshed decades ago.

B stands

it is B cuz.

protective measures, .........,...were taken decades ago,......

so
though some protective measures, such as the establishment of national forests and wildlife sanctuaries, were taken decades ago, great increases in population

sb verb modification

Last edited by Ravshonbek on 18 Aug 2007, 09:41, edited 1 time in total.
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Re: Humans have been damaging the environment for centuries by [#permalink]

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18 Aug 2007, 09:41
Ravshonbek wrote:
trivikram wrote:
The forest reserves have been estableshed decades ago.

B stands

it is B cuz.

protective measures, .........,...were taken decades ago,......

I agree....
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Re: Humans have been damaging the environment for centuries by [#permalink]

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18 Aug 2007, 09:43
Ravshonbek wrote:
it is B cuz.

protective measures, .........,...were taken decades ago,......

so
though some protective measures, such as the establishment of national forests and wildlife sanctuaries, were taken decades ago, great increases in population

sb verb modification

Arghh.... simply enough!! Thanks mate!
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Re: Humans have been damaging the environment for centuries by [#permalink]

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12 Sep 2010, 07:22
A & D out becaus of "like'
among B,C and E, B maintains the parallelism.
great increases in population is parallel to in the intensity of the industrialisation..
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Re: Humans have been damaging the environment for centuries by [#permalink]

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11 Jun 2011, 22:36
Usage of like takes out A & D
and in the intensity in no-underlined part is parallel to only in population. This takes out C & E
Left with B
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Re: Humans have been damaging the environment for centuries by [#permalink]

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11 Jun 2011, 23:08
+1 B

"such as" is required to provide examples.
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Re: Humans have been damaging the environment for centuries by [#permalink]

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12 Jun 2011, 08:44
D and E - with some protective measures is incorrect - OUT
"LIke" is incorrect in A - OUT
having been taken decades ago in C is incorrect - OUT

B is correct
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Re: Humans have been damaging the environment for centuries by [#permalink]

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31 Aug 2011, 22:47
My ans is B and here is the explaination :

use of like is wrong , such as to be used so options reduced to B,C,E , in C and E having been is used incorrectly , were is more appropriate for the subject protective measures.
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Re: Humans have been damaging the environment for centuries by [#permalink]

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01 Sep 2011, 05:05
B.
A and D are out because of the use of Such as. In C and E 'Great Increases' is not referring to both population and the intensity of industrialization. Thus D.
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Re: Humans have been damaging the environment for centuries by [#permalink]

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22 Dec 2011, 05:36
Please, explain, why E is wrong.

the structure "with..." in E is not wrong. in B, there is a contrast. in E there is a context provided by "with...". Both structure/meanings are correct.

pls, help
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Re: Humans have been damaging the environment for centuries by [#permalink]

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25 Sep 2014, 21:27
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

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Re: Humans have been damaging the environment for centuries by [#permalink]

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06 Oct 2014, 07:29
Humans have been damaging the environment for centuries by overcutting trees and farming too intensively, and though some protective measures, like the establishment of national forests and wildlife sanctuaries, having been taken decades ago, great increases in population and in the intensity of industrialization are causing a worldwide ecological crisis.

A. though some protective measures, like the establishment of national forests and wildlife sanctuaries, having been taken decades ago, great increases in population : Absence of Verb and use of Like to give examples

B. though some protective measures, such as the establishment of national forests and wildlife sanctuaries, were taken decades ago, great increases in population

C. though some protective measures, such as establishing national forests and wildlife sanctuaries having been taken decades ago, great population increases - Absence of verb

D. with some protective measures, like establishing national forests and wildlife sanctuaries that were taken decades ago, great increases in population - No contrast and use of Like

E. with some protective measures, such as the establishment of national forests and wildlife sanctuaries, having been taken decades ago, great population increases - No contrast and absence of verb

B is clear Answer.
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Re: Humans have been damaging the environment for centuries by [#permalink]

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23 Feb 2017, 11:19
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
Re: Humans have been damaging the environment for centuries by   [#permalink] 23 Feb 2017, 11:19
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