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# I found this one, it is pretty good in a way. Jennifer:

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I found this one, it is pretty good in a way. Jennifer: [#permalink]

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09 Oct 2010, 20:31
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I found this one, it is pretty good in a way.

Jennifer: Video rental outlets in Centerville together handled 10,000 fewer video rentals in 1994 than in 1993. The decline in rentals was probably due almost entirely to the February 1994 opening of Videorama, the first and only video rental outlet in the area that, in addition to renting videos, also sold them cheaply.

Brad: There must be another explanation: as you yourself said, the decline was on the order of 10,000 rentals. Yet Videorama sold only 4,000 videos in 1994.

Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the force of the objection that Brad presents to Jennifer's explanation?

(A) In 1994 Videorama rented out more videos than it sold.
(B) In 1994 two new outlets that rent but that do not sell videos opened in Centerville.
(C) Most of the video rental outlets in Centerville rent videos at a discount on certain nights of the week.
(D) People often buy videos of movies that they have previously seen in a theater.
(E) People who own videos frequently loan them to their friends.
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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09 Oct 2010, 21:32
gautrang wrote:
I found this one, it is pretty good in a way.

Jennifer: Video rental outlets in Centerville together handled 10,000 fewer video rentals in 1994 than in 1993. The decline in rentals was probably due almost entirely to the February 1994 opening of Videorama, the first and only video rental outlet in the area that, in addition to renting videos, also sold them cheaply.

Brad: There must be another explanation: as you yourself said, the decline was on the order of 10,000 rentals. Yet Videorama sold only 4,000 videos in 1994.

Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the force of the objection that Brad presents to Jennifer's explanation?

(A) In 1994 Videorama rented out more videos than it sold.
(B) In 1994 two new outlets that rent but that do not sell videos opened in Centerville.
(C) Most of the video rental outlets in Centerville rent videos at a discount on certain nights of the week.
(D) People often buy videos of movies that they have previously seen in a theater.
(E) People who own videos frequently loan them to their friends.

I cannot understand why the OA something else. I went with option A.

The conclusion or argument in the stimulus is -- The decline in rentals was probably due almost entirely to the February 1994 opening of Videorama,. And Brad's objection is -- Videorama sold only 4,000 videos in 1994 and his statement is defending Videorama. If we have to seriously weaken the force of Brad's objection we need to prove that the fall in rental numbers is directly or at least in good part because of Videorama.

Option A attacks Videorama and hence should be the correct option. Option E is in fact strengthening Brad's stance but pointing to a different cause in the fall of rental.

Any other thoughts ???
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10 Oct 2010, 06:08
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ezhilkumarank wrote:
gautrang wrote:
I found this one, it is pretty good in a way.

Jennifer: Video rental outlets in Centerville together handled 10,000 fewer video rentals in 1994 than in 1993. The decline in rentals was probably due almost entirely to the February 1994 opening of Videorama, the first and only video rental outlet in the area that, in addition to renting videos, also sold them cheaply.

Brad: There must be another explanation: as you yourself said, the decline was on the order of 10,000 rentals. Yet Videorama sold only 4,000 videos in 1994.

Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the force of the objection that Brad presents to Jennifer's explanation?

(A) In 1994 Videorama rented out more videos than it sold.
(B) In 1994 two new outlets that rent but that do not sell videos opened in Centerville.
(C) Most of the video rental outlets in Centerville rent videos at a discount on certain nights of the week.
(D) People often buy videos of movies that they have previously seen in a theater.
(E) People who own videos frequently loan them to their friends.

I cannot understand why the OA something else. I went with option A.

The conclusion or argument in the stimulus is -- The decline in rentals was probably due almost entirely to the February 1994 opening of Videorama,. And Brad's objection is -- Videorama sold only 4,000 videos in 1994 and his statement is defending Videorama. If we have to seriously weaken the force of Brad's objection we need to prove that the fall in rental numbers is directly or at least in good part because of Videorama.

Option A attacks Videorama and hence should be the correct option. Option E is in fact strengthening Brad's stance but pointing to a different cause in the fall of rental.

Any other thoughts ???

J: The loss of 10,000 rentals was all Videorama's fault.
B: That's not possible, since Videorama only sold 4000 videos.

That means brad's objection is based on the fact that 4000 is a smaller number than 10,000.

Thus to to WEAKEN brad's objection,COME UP WITH A WAY FOR 4000 SALES TO CANCEL OUT 10,000 RENTALS.

(a) is irrelevant to this issue.

(e) provides a perfect reason why the 4000 sales could, indeed, compensate for the 10,000 rentals: if the sold videos are loaned around, then each of them could cancel out multiple rentals.

Hence E.
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10 Oct 2010, 07:49
suyashjhawar wrote:
ezhilkumarank wrote:
gautrang wrote:
I found this one, it is pretty good in a way.

Jennifer: Video rental outlets in Centerville together handled 10,000 fewer video rentals in 1994 than in 1993. The decline in rentals was probably due almost entirely to the February 1994 opening of Videorama, the first and only video rental outlet in the area that, in addition to renting videos, also sold them cheaply.

Brad: There must be another explanation: as you yourself said, the decline was on the order of 10,000 rentals. Yet Videorama sold only 4,000 videos in 1994.

Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the force of the objection that Brad presents to Jennifer's explanation?

(A) In 1994 Videorama rented out more videos than it sold.
(B) In 1994 two new outlets that rent but that do not sell videos opened in Centerville.
(C) Most of the video rental outlets in Centerville rent videos at a discount on certain nights of the week.
(D) People often buy videos of movies that they have previously seen in a theater.
(E) People who own videos frequently loan them to their friends.

I cannot understand why the OA something else. I went with option A.

The conclusion or argument in the stimulus is -- The decline in rentals was probably due almost entirely to the February 1994 opening of Videorama,. And Brad's objection is -- Videorama sold only 4,000 videos in 1994 and his statement is defending Videorama. If we have to seriously weaken the force of Brad's objection we need to prove that the fall in rental numbers is directly or at least in good part because of Videorama.

Option A attacks Videorama and hence should be the correct option. Option E is in fact strengthening Brad's stance but pointing to a different cause in the fall of rental.

Any other thoughts ???

J: The loss of 10,000 rentals was all Videorama's fault.
B: That's not possible, since Videorama only sold 4000 videos.

That means brad's objection is based on the fact that 4000 is a smaller number than 10,000.

Thus to to WEAKEN brad's objection,COME UP WITH A WAY FOR 4000 SALES TO CANCEL OUT 10,000 RENTALS.

(a) is irrelevant to this issue.

(e) provides a perfect reason why the 4000 sales could, indeed, compensate for the 10,000 rentals: if the sold videos are loaned around, then each of them could cancel out multiple rentals.

Hence E.

But are your not making assumptions again in your answer choice by assuming that the all those people who own the videos and have loaned it to their friends have done it after purchasing the videos from Videorama. The videos could have been owned prior to 1994 or it could have been brought from some other store.

And how is that option A is irrelevant. If Videorama rented out more videos than it sold then it could explain for the decline was on the order of 10,000 rentals.
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10 Oct 2010, 10:36
Jennifer: Video rental outlets in Centerville together handled 10,000 fewer video rentals in 1994 than in 1993.....It means Videorama was also included in them....does it make any sense?
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12 Oct 2010, 04:29
ankitranjan wrote:
Jennifer: Video rental outlets in Centerville together handled 10,000 fewer video rentals in 1994 than in 1993.....It means Videorama was also included in them....does it make any sense?

This is something that confused me as well. Does these numbers include Videorama as well?
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12 Oct 2010, 05:59
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gautrang wrote:
I found this one, it is pretty good in a way.

Jennifer: Video rental outlets in Centerville together handled 10,000 fewer video rentals in 1994 than in 1993. The decline in rentals was probably due almost entirely to the February 1994 opening of Videorama, the first and only video rental outlet in the area that, in addition to renting videos, also sold them cheaply.

Brad: There must be another explanation: as you yourself said, the decline was on the order of 10,000 rentals. Yet Videorama sold only 4,000 videos in 1994.

Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the force of the objection that Brad presents to Jennifer's explanation?

Jennifer claims that video rentals in Centerville decreased by 10,000 in 1994, and blames the opening of Videorama for this decrease, because Videorama sells videos cheaply. In other words, she's stating that everyone who would be renting videos is instead buying them from Videorama. Brad disagrees, citing the fact that Videorama only sold 4,000 videos in 1994. So even if every one of those 4,000 sales was replaced by a rental, the total amount of rentals still would have gone down by 6,000. What would weaken this argument?

(A) In 1994 Videorama rented out more videos than it sold. It doesn't matter how many videos Videorama specifically rented, because the total number of rentals still decreased by 10,000.
(B) In 1994 two new outlets that rent but that do not sell videos opened in Centerville. Again, doesn't matter - Jennifer is discussing the TOTAL number of rentals in Centerville by EVERY store. So even if these stores opened, their figures are included in her argument.
(C) Most of the video rental outlets in Centerville rent videos at a discount on certain nights of the week. Irrelevant
(D) People often buy videos of movies that they have previously seen in a theater. Irrelevant
(E) People who own videos frequently loan them to their friends. Correct. Videorama may have only sold 4,000 videos, but those videos could have been loaned out to people who would have instead rented the movie, thereby decreasing the total number of rentals.
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13 Oct 2010, 01:50
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I got it wrong too but I like the later reasoning. However, small assumption included in last choice is that most of people living in Centerville have their friends living in the same town!!

No??
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13 Oct 2010, 04:16
good one..
E
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13 Oct 2010, 07:13
gmatexam2009 wrote:
I got it wrong too but I like the later reasoning. However, small assumption included in last choice is that most of people living in Centerville have their friends living in the same town!!

No??

The answer is telling you that these people will lend to their friends, you're supposed to take it as true. You'd be adding in your own assumption to think otherwise.
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21 Oct 2010, 01:36
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What is the source of the source of this question? This is a pretty tricky question where A and E both have good reasons to be right I read it like this:

The decline in rentals was probably due almost entirely to the February 1994 opening of Videorama, the first and only video rental outlet in the area that, in addition to renting videos, also sold them cheaply.

Thus if the 10,000 rental drop is coming from videorama, wouldn't it make sense for A to be a choice as well as E?

This is how it looks to me:

A: If 4000 dvds were sold, and it states there were more rentals than movie sales, then at least 4001 copies were rented out. This would account for the majority, and would take a big chunk out of the other company's business right?

E: If 4000 dvds were sold, and if those people were more likely to lend their dvds, then it would equate to at least one extra person watching that movie who would have rented.

This is where it gets tricky to me. Are we to decide that because of these people giving the video out to others, does that mean it is due to videorama or the consumer? Additionally, if we are to say this is due to videorama, wouldn't A be the choice? If someone can explain this based on the points made I would like to know why this is E and not A. Please provide the source of this question.
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21 Oct 2010, 02:37
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rooster wrote:
What is the source of the source of this question? This is a pretty tricky question where A and E both have good reasons to be right I read it like this:

The decline in rentals was probably due almost entirely to the February 1994 opening of Videorama, the first and only video rental outlet in the area that, in addition to renting videos, also sold them cheaply.

Thus if the 10,000 rental drop is coming from videorama, wouldn't it make sense for A to be a choice as well as E?

This is how it looks to me:

A: If 4000 dvds were sold, and it states there were more rentals than movie sales, then at least 4001 copies were rented out. This would account for the majority, and would take a big chunk out of the other company's business right?

E: If 4000 dvds were sold, and if those people were more likely to lend their dvds, then it would equate to at least one extra person watching that movie who would have rented.

This is where it gets tricky to me. Are we to decide that because of these people giving the video out to others, does that mean it is due to videorama or the consumer? Additionally, if we are to say this is due to videorama, wouldn't A be the choice? If someone can explain this based on the points made I would like to know why this is E and not A. Please provide the source of this question.

You're misunderstanding the argument. The argument isn't that Videorama rented or sold 10,000 videos that would have come as rentals from other stores. The argument is that the total of ALL video rentals (including whatever Videorama rented) in the area decreased by 10,000 in the given year. So in 1993, people in Centerville rented a grand total of, say, 100,000 videos, but in 1994 after Videorama opened, people in Centerville only rented 90,000 videos. The number of videos that Videorama rented is irrelevant, because it's included in that 90,000 figure.
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21 Oct 2010, 18:54
why cannot be it C ..

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22 Oct 2010, 02:57
vitamingmat wrote:
why cannot be it C ..

Why would it be C? What would discounts on certain nights of the week do to rental sales?
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22 Oct 2010, 08:12
piyushagarwal wrote:
ankitranjan wrote:
Jennifer: Video rental outlets in Centerville together handled 10,000 fewer video rentals in 1994 than in 1993.....It means Videorama was also included in them....does it make any sense?

This is something that confused me as well. Does these numbers include Videorama as well?

IMO:
Jennifer's argument states that there was a decline of 10,000 from 1993 to 1994. The number of rentals has to be compared with the same quantity of video rental stores. Since, Videorama opened only in Feb 1994, it did not contribute in rental volume of 1993, hence should not be considered in the group that is being compared.
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22 Oct 2010, 08:30
bhooshang wrote:
piyushagarwal wrote:
ankitranjan wrote:
Jennifer: Video rental outlets in Centerville together handled 10,000 fewer video rentals in 1994 than in 1993.....It means Videorama was also included in them....does it make any sense?

This is something that confused me as well. Does these numbers include Videorama as well?

IMO:
Jennifer's argument states that there was a decline of 10,000 from 1993 to 1994. The number of rentals has to be compared with the same quantity of video rental stores. Since, Videorama opened only in Feb 1994, it did not contribute in rental volume of 1993, hence should not be considered in the group that is being compared.

No it doesn't. All she says is that the total number of rentals in a certain city went down by 10,000. Videorama opened in that city, so it's part of that number.
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22 Nov 2010, 20:00
People who own videos frequently loan them to their friends
How does E account for the change in sales from '93 to '94?
E doesn't say that the people started lending after '93, they may very be lending videos to friends in '93.
Frequently loan them to friends - in no way account for the 6000 deficit.

Brad's objection is that Videorama cannot be singly held accountable for the loss of sales, hence there must be an alternate reason for this. Choice E provides that alternate reason and in a way lends force to what Brad is saying. Choice E in no way weakens Brad's objection.

I wouldnt agree with choice A either.
(A) In 1994 Videorama rented out more videos than it sold. Videorama sold 4000,and rented say (4001) what happened to the other 1999 videos?
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23 Nov 2010, 21:47
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I picked A but then realized it has to be E.

A is wrong for the reason mentioned above: what happened to the other 1999 videos?

In a 'weaken' question the burden of proof is just to present sufficient evidence to tilt the balance. Its like the legal standard used in civil cases: balance of probabilities -- just need to make it more likely; not beyond reasonable doubt (which is the criminal law standard)

E says "people who OWN"; another key word: "frequently" ---> these clearly suggest that that the 4000 videos sold resulted in owners who would then loan the videos around. This is a likely explanation for why Videorama alone is the culprit for the overall reduction in rentals. The 6000 most likely got loaned around and therefore ate into the rental market resulting in a fall in the numbers of rentals.
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24 Nov 2010, 06:25
I agree with you gmat101, and you summed it up really well:
In a 'weaken' question the burden of proof is just to present sufficient evidence to tilt the balance. Its like the legal standard used in civil cases: balance of probabilities -- just need to make it more likely; not beyond reasonable doubt (which is the criminal law standard)

Jennifer: Video rental outlets in Centerville together handled 10,000 fewer video rentals in 1994 than in 1993. Coupled with the fact that Videorama sold 4000 videos in 1994 - suggests that there has to be an alternate explanation. The most likely answer, I agree, is E: if most video owners (including those who bought them from videorama) frequently started to lend their videos - it could account for the drop in sales.

What bothers me is the question stem:

Brad: There must be another explanation: as you yourself said, the decline was on the order of 10,000 rentals. Yet Videorama sold only 4,000 videos in 1994.

Which of the following, if true, would most seriously weaken the force of the objection that Brad presents to Jennifer's explanation?

Brad says(an objection if you will) there must be an alternate explanation for the decline in sales than just the 4000 videos videorama sold. Option E is that alternate explanation. The question stem is asking us which statement if true weakens that objection ( there must be an alternate explanation). Option E in my opinion strengthens that objection rather than weaken it.

Just a FYI - this a GMATPrep question and the OA is E
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25 Dec 2010, 11:53
Very well explained.

TehJay wrote:
rooster wrote:
What is the source of the source of this question? This is a pretty tricky question where A and E both have good reasons to be right I read it like this:

The decline in rentals was probably due almost entirely to the February 1994 opening of Videorama, the first and only video rental outlet in the area that, in addition to renting videos, also sold them cheaply.

Thus if the 10,000 rental drop is coming from videorama, wouldn't it make sense for A to be a choice as well as E?

This is how it looks to me:

A: If 4000 dvds were sold, and it states there were more rentals than movie sales, then at least 4001 copies were rented out. This would account for the majority, and would take a big chunk out of the other company's business right?

E: If 4000 dvds were sold, and if those people were more likely to lend their dvds, then it would equate to at least one extra person watching that movie who would have rented.

This is where it gets tricky to me. Are we to decide that because of these people giving the video out to others, does that mean it is due to videorama or the consumer? Additionally, if we are to say this is due to videorama, wouldn't A be the choice? If someone can explain this based on the points made I would like to know why this is E and not A. Please provide the source of this question.

You're misunderstanding the argument. The argument isn't that Videorama rented or sold 10,000 videos that would have come as rentals from other stores. The argument is that the total of ALL video rentals (including whatever Videorama rented) in the area decreased by 10,000 in the given year. So in 1993, people in Centerville rented a grand total of, say, 100,000 videos, but in 1994 after Videorama opened, people in Centerville only rented 90,000 videos. The number of videos that Videorama rented is irrelevant, because it's included in that 90,000 figure.

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Re: Jennifer Video rental   [#permalink] 25 Dec 2010, 11:53

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