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# Ideally, scientific laws should display the virtues of

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Director
Joined: 14 Jul 2004
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Ideally, scientific laws should display the virtues of [#permalink]

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24 May 2005, 18:13
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Ideally, scientific laws should display the virtues of precision and generality, as do the laws of physics. However, because of the nature of their subject matter, laws of social science often have to use terms that are imprecise; for example, one knows only vaguely what is meant by "republicanism" or "class". As for generality, laws that apply only in certain social systems are typically the only ones possible for the social sciences.

Which one of the following statements is most strongly supported by the information above?

A) All else being equal, a precise, general scientific law is to be prefered over one that is not
B) The social sciences would benefit if they redirected their focus to the subject matter of teh physical sciences.
C) Terms such as "class" should be more precisely formulated by social scientists.
D) Social scientists should make an effort to construct more loaws that apply to all socities
E) The laws of social sciences are invariably not truly scientific.

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Senior Manager
Joined: 13 Jan 2005
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24 May 2005, 18:47
E it is.

GA

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Intern
Joined: 20 Mar 2005
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24 May 2005, 20:43
I think it is A.

A. "Ideally, scientific laws should display the virtues of precision and generality, as do the laws of physics" supports this statement
B. benefits are out of scope
C. Some imprecise terms are necessary bcos of the nature of the subject matter. So, doing this won't solve anything.
D. Nothing in the passage tells us that this should be done.
E. extreme. often doesn't mean invariably not scientific
_________________

krish

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Director
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02 Jun 2005, 11:19

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VP
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02 Jun 2005, 11:57
"E"

A...no one is talking abt preferring one to the other
B....out of scope
C....out of scope
D.....again out of scope
E.....By the definition of truly scientific laws, social sc doesn't fit the bill...correct choice

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Manager
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02 Jun 2005, 20:04
Another one for E

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Senior Manager
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02 Jun 2005, 20:19
I too vote for E.

I'll try and explain why the only other answer A is not OK.

There is nothing which suggest that precision/generality is better than ones which are now, we only know one thing for certain, the charecteristics of a scientific idea , and we are also told that Social science don't comply to it, so the only thing we can "safely" conclude is that SS are not scientific.

HMTG.

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GMAT Club Legend
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02 Jun 2005, 20:36
A) All else being equal, a precise, general scientific law is to be prefered over one that is not
- nothing in the passage suggest this

B) The social sciences would benefit if they redirected their focus to the subject matter of teh physical sciences.
- not supported for

C) Terms such as "class" should be more precisely formulated by social scientists.
- not supported for

D) Social scientists should make an effort to construct more loaws that apply to all socities
- not supported for

E) The laws of social sciences are invariably not truly scientific.

E is the best. The two premises indicate that laws of social sciences are not truly scientific since they cannot achieve the ideal scientific laws, that is, to possess virtues of precision and generality

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Director
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04 Jun 2005, 12:20
my vote for (E)

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Director
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22 Jun 2005, 06:15
The OA is A. Could someone explain how the author reaches this conclusion?

From LSAT material:

"The first sentence of the passage indicates that generality is a virtue of scientific laws. This implies that greater generality makes one scientific law preferable to a competing scientific law, provided that the competing law is not superior in terms of some other virtue. So (A) is strongly supported by the information in the first sentence"

Could someone explain the "leap of faith" taken by the author. How does the first sentence in the passage stem enable us to reach conclusions on "preferrences" [all else being equal, a precise, general scientific law is preferred over one that is not general].

I can see why B, D, E are wrong.

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22 Jun 2005, 06:15
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