MathRevolution wrote:

[GMAT math practice question]

If \(0<2x+3y<10\) and \(-10<3x+2y<0\), then which of the following must be true?

\(I. x<0\)

\(II. y<0\)

\(III. x<y\)

A. I only

B. II only

C. I & II

D. I & III

E. I, II, &III

We see that x and y can’t be both positive or both negative. If x and y are both positive, then the second inequality will not hold. Similarly, if x and y are both negative, then the first inequality will not hold. Therefore, we must consider two separate cases: (1) x is negative and y is positive and (2) x is positive and y is negative.

Case 1. Let’s assume that x is negative and y is positive.

For example, If x = -5 and y = 5, we see that we do have 0 < 2x + 3y < 10 and -10 < 3x + 2y < 0.

Case 2. Now let’s assume that x is positive and y is negative. We see that the absolute value of y must be greater than the absolute value of x in order for the second inequality to hold.

For example, if x = 2, y has to be less than -3 in order to have -10 < 3x + 2y < 0. However, in that case, the first inequality will never hold since 2x + 3y will be negative. Thus we can’t have x as positive and y as negative.

Thus it must be true that x is negative and y is positive and in that case we also have x < y. Thus, Statements I and III must be true.

Answer: D

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