alexpavlos wrote:
If 4 points are indicated on a line and 5 points are indicated on another line that is parallel to the first line, how many triangles can be formed whose vertices are among the 9 points?
A. 20
B. 30
C. 40
D. 70
E. 90
Tried doing a few options, but couldn't get it right and the answer provided left me more confused!
Approach #1:There are two types of triangles possible:
With two vertices on the line with 4 points and the third vertex on the line with 5 points --> \(C^2_4*C^1_5=30\);
With two vertices on the line with 5 points and the third vertex on the line with 4 points --> \(C^2_5*C^1_4=40\);
Total: \(30+40=70\).
Answer: D.
Approach #2:All
different 3 points out of total 4+5=9 points will create a triangle EXCEPT those 3 points which are collinear.
\(C^3_{9}-(C^3_4+C^3_5)=84-(4+10)=70\) (where \(C^3_4\) and \(C^3_4\) are # of different 3 collinear points possible from the line with 4 points and the line with 5 points, respectively).
Answer: D.
Hope it's clear.