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If 5x – 5x - 3 = (124)(5y), what is y in terms of x? A. x B. x - 6 C. x - 3 D. 2x + 3 E. 2x + 6 Answer:

Question should read:

If 5^x – 5^(x- 3) = 124*5^y, what is y in terms of x? A. x B. x - 6 C. x - 3 D. 2x + 3 E. 2x + 6

\(5^x-5^{x-3}=124*5^y\) --> factor out \(5^{x-3}\): \(5^{x-3}(5^3-1)=124*5^y\) --> \(5^{x-3}=5^y\) --> bases are equal so we can equate the powers: \(y=x-3\).

Answer: C.

alltimeacheiver format the questions correctly. _________________

Re: If 5^x – 5^(x- 3) = 124*5^y, what is y in terms of x? [#permalink]

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07 Aug 2015, 17:29

3

This post received KUDOS

ok this is how you solve this

you have 5^x -5^x-3 = (124) (5^y) step 1: 5^x (1-5^-3) =(124) (5^y) Step 2: 5^x(1 - 1/5^3) = (124) (5^y) Step 3: 5^x(1- 1/125) = (124) (5^y) Step 4: 5^x (125-1)/125 = (124) (5^y) Step 5: 5^x (124/125) = (124) (5^y) Step 6: 5^x =[(124) (5^y) (125) ]/124 Step 7: 5^x = (125) (5^y) Step 8: 5^x = 5^3 (5^y) Step 9: x = 3 +y --> y = x -3 for explaining purposes I broke it down in to 9 steps. It should not take you more than 5 steps to solve this in term of y.

If 5^x – 5^(x- 3) = 124*5^y, what is y in terms of x?

A. x B. x - 6 C. x - 3 D. 2x + 3 E. 2x + 6

Given that 5^x – 5^(x- 3) = 124*5^y So, 5^(x-3+3) - 5^(x- 3) = 124*5^y So, 5^(x-3) [5^3 - 1] = 124*5^y So, 5^(x-3)*124 = 124*5^y So, 5^(x-3) = 5^y So, x-3 = y

I have a very hard time believing this is a sub 600 level question

The trick with GMAT quant is not the level of questions but the time constraint. For PS, you either adopt the traditional algebraic method that can sometimes very time consuming or you can use the options to your advantage as mentioned below.

Let x=3 as you have a power of 3 and I wanted non negative powers of 5. Let see if we get values of 3 or -3 or 0 or 9 or 12 (based on the 5 options given) for y when we do RHS = LHS from the given equation of 5^x – 5^(x- 3) = 124*5^y.

When x =0, the LHS becomes

5^x-5^(x-3)=5^3-5^0=125-1=124.

RHS = 124*5^y and for LHS=RHS , the only way this is possible is when y=0 , giving you y=x-3 as the correct answer. Thus, C is the correct answer.

Re: If 5^x – 5^(x- 3) = 124*5^y, what is y in terms of x? [#permalink]

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20 Sep 2012, 14:05

Bunuel wrote:

alltimeacheiver wrote:

If 5x – 5x - 3 = (124)(5y), what is y in terms of x? A. x B. x - 6 C. x - 3 D. 2x + 3 E. 2x + 6 Answer:

Question should read:

If 5^x – 5^(x- 3) = 124*5^y, what is y in terms of x? A. x B. x - 6 C. x - 3 D. 2x + 3 E. 2x + 6

\(5^x-5^{x-3}=124*5^y\) --> factor out \(5^{x-3}\): \(5^{x-3}(5^3-1)=124*5^y\) --> \(5^{x-3}=5^y\) --> bases are equal so we can equate the powers: \(y=x-3\).

Answer: C.

alltimeacheiver format the questions correctly.

Hi Bunuel, I', trying to understand your factorization, but I find some troubles when I have to factorize some value with exponent an expression like in the question (x-3 or x+4), Could you explain me that or do you have a deck where I could dive into this argument? Thank you in advance

If 5x – 5x - 3 = (124)(5y), what is y in terms of x? A. x B. x - 6 C. x - 3 D. 2x + 3 E. 2x + 6 Answer:

Question should read:

If 5^x – 5^(x- 3) = 124*5^y, what is y in terms of x? A. x B. x - 6 C. x - 3 D. 2x + 3 E. 2x + 6

\(5^x-5^{x-3}=124*5^y\) --> factor out \(5^{x-3}\): \(5^{x-3}(5^3-1)=124*5^y\) --> \(5^{x-3}=5^y\) --> bases are equal so we can equate the powers: \(y=x-3\).

Answer: C.

alltimeacheiver format the questions correctly.

Hi Bunuel, I', trying to understand your factorization, but I find some troubles when I have to factorize some value with exponent an expression like in the question (x-3 or x+4), Could you explain me that or do you have a deck where I could dive into this argument? Thank you in advance

Re: If 5^x – 5^(x- 3) = 124*5^y, what is y in terms of x? [#permalink]

Show Tags

19 Dec 2015, 13:57

Rookie124 wrote:

ok this is how you solve this

you have 5^x -5^x-3 = (124) (5^y) step 1: 5^x (1-5^-3) =(124) (5^y) Step 2: 5^x(1 - 1/5^3) = (124) (5^y) Step 3: 5^x(1- 1/125) = (124) (5^y) Step 4: 5^x (125-1)/125 = (124) (5^y) Step 5: 5^x (124/125) = (124) (5^y) Step 6: 5^x =[(124) (5^y) (125) ]/124 Step 7: 5^x = (125) (5^y) Step 8: 5^x = 5^3 (5^y) Step 9: x = 3 +y --> y = x -3 for explaining purposes I broke it down in to 9 steps. It should not take you more than 5 steps to solve this in term of y.

Your answer may be right. But it is not good practice to do long steps in GMAT. Time is critical. _________________

Discipline does not mean control. Discipline means having the sense to do exactly what is needed.

Re: If 5^x – 5^(x- 3) = 124*5^y, what is y in terms of x? [#permalink]

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21 Oct 2016, 14:15

Bunuel wrote:

alltimeacheiver wrote:

If 5x – 5x - 3 = (124)(5y), what is y in terms of x? A. x B. x - 6 C. x - 3 D. 2x + 3 E. 2x + 6 Answer:

Question should read:

If 5^x – 5^(x- 3) = 124*5^y, what is y in terms of x? A. x B. x - 6 C. x - 3 D. 2x + 3 E. 2x + 6

\(5^x-5^{x-3}=124*5^y\) --> factor out \(5^{x-3}\): \(5^{x-3}(5^3-1)=124*5^y\) --> \(5^{x-3}=5^y\) --> bases are equal so we can equate the powers: \(y=x-3\).

Answer: C.

alltimeacheiver format the questions correctly.

Hi Bunuel

Would factoring it like this be correct?

\(5^x-5^{x-3}=124*5^y\) \(5^{x}(1-5^{-3})=124*5^y\) --> x-3 = y

Re: If 5^x – 5^(x- 3) = 124*5^y, what is y in terms of x? [#permalink]

Show Tags

23 Mar 2017, 13:05

Bunuel wrote:

alltimeacheiver wrote:

If 5x – 5x - 3 = (124)(5y), what is y in terms of x? A. x B. x - 6 C. x - 3 D. 2x + 3 E. 2x + 6 Answer:

Question should read:

If 5^x – 5^(x- 3) = 124*5^y, what is y in terms of x? A. x B. x - 6 C. x - 3 D. 2x + 3 E. 2x + 6

\(5^x-5^{x-3}=124*5^y\) --> factor out \(5^{x-3}\): \(5^{x-3}(5^3-1)=124*5^y\) --> \(5^{x-3}=5^y\) --> bases are equal so we can equate the powers: \(y=x-3\).

Answer: C.

alltimeacheiver format the questions correctly.

Factorizing this way also works but do you have any advice for performing factorizations in the simplest way possible. Why or how did you know to factor out 5^(x-3) and not 5^x? Should you take factor out the most complicated term?

If 5^x - 5^x-3 = (124)(5^y), what is y in terms of x?

A) x

B) x - 6

C) x - 3

D) 2x + 3

E) 2x + 6

\(5^x - 5^{x-3} = (124)(5^y)\)

i.e. \(5^{x-3}(5^3 - 1) = (124)(5^y)\)

i.e. \(5^{x-3}(124) = (124)(5^y)\)

i.e. \(5^{x-3} = (5^y)\)

i.e. y = x-3

Answer: Option C
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