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# If a b > a + b, where a and b are integers, which of the

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If a b > a + b, where a and b are integers, which of the [#permalink]

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30 Jan 2011, 22:18
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If a – b > a + b, where a and b are integers, which of the following must be true?

I. a < 0
II. b < 0
III. ab < 0

A I only
B II only
C I and II
D I and III
E II and III

though the OA is revealed, but I am not conviced with the answer
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA
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If a – b > a + b, where a and b are integers, which of the following m [#permalink]

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23 Aug 2015, 09:53
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If a – b > a + b, where a and b are integers, which of the following must be true?

I. a < 0
II. b < 0
III. ab < 0

A. I only
B. II only
C. I and II only
D. I and III only
E. II and III only
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Re: AB positive or negitive [#permalink]

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31 Jan 2011, 02:17
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Unless you know whether a is positive or not you cannot determine how the inequality will look like after you multiply it by a. You cannot still prove III to be true.

Lets consider the two cases here:
Suppose a is positive (3, say)
3-b>3+b
Multiply the inequality by 3
9-3b>9+3b
6b<0
b<0

hence, ab<0

Now, suppose a=-3
plug in the values:

-3-b>-3+b
Multiply by a(-3)
9+3b<9-3b
6b<0
b<0

hence, ab > 0

Thus the sign of ab will vary depending on the sign of a. Hope this clears up the confusion
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Re: If a b > a + b, where a and b are integers, which of the [#permalink]

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24 Aug 2015, 09:46
2
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Bunuel wrote:
If a – b > a + b, where a and b are integers, which of the following must be true?

I. a < 0
II. b < 0
III. ab < 0

A. I only
B. II only
C. I and II only
D. I and III only
E. II and III only

Merging topics.

Please refer to the discussion above.

can we not sqaure both sides of a – b > a + b ?
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Re: AB positive or negitive [#permalink]

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30 Jan 2011, 22:28
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girishkakkar wrote:
If a – b > a + b, where a and b are integers, which of the following must be true?

I. a < 0
II. b < 0
III. ab < 0

A I only
B II only
C I and II
D I and III
E II and III

though the OA is revealed, but I am not conviced with the answer

Simplify the inequality:
a – b > a + b
b<0

We know for certain that II is true.

We don't have info about the value of a. Hence, I cannot be derived.

For III ab can be positive or negative depending on the value of a. Since we don't know about a, III cannot be inferred.

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Re: If a b > a + b, where a and b are integers, which of the [#permalink]

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23 Aug 2015, 10:09
1
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Expert's post
If a – b > a + b, where a and b are integers, which of the following must be true?

I. a < 0
II. b < 0
III. ab < 0

A. I only
B. II only
C. I and II only
D. I and III only
E. II and III only

Merging topics.

Please refer to the discussion above.
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Re: AB positive or negitive [#permalink]

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31 Jan 2011, 01:07
well agreed.....however, if we multiply both side of the equation by "a", we get to know that III is also true.....which follows that I is also true?
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Re: AB positive or negitive [#permalink]

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02 Feb 2011, 06:02
Q: If a – b > a + b, where a and b are integers, which of the following must be true?

I. a < 0
II. b < 0
III. ab < 0

Through inequality; I just derived that b is -ve
a – b > a + b
-b > b --> subtracting 'a' from both sides
-2b > 0 --> subtracting 'b' from both sides
-b > 0 --> dividing both sides by 2
b < 0 --> multiplying -ve sign on both sides

The rest two; I ruled out using numbers

Let b, as we know is -ve, to be equal to -1

Case I
a=+ve, say 100
a - b = 100 – (-1) = 101
a + b = 100 + (-1) = 99

a-b > a+b

Case II
a=-ve, say -100
a - b = -100 – (-1) = -100 + 1 = -99
a + b = -100 + (-1) = -100 - 1 = -101

So, a - b > a + b

Thus, a - b > a + b is true for both +ve and -ve 'a'

We just proved that a-b>a+b is true for both +ve and -ve values of a.

We can't conclusively say that a < 0. Statement I is ruled out.

for a=+ve; ab = +ve * -ve = -ve
and
for a=+ve; ab = -ve * -ve = +ve

So, we can't conclusively say ab < 0. Statement III is ruled out.

Ans: B
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Re: AB positive or negitive [#permalink]

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02 Feb 2011, 06:33
Expert's post
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girishkakkar wrote:
If a – b > a + b, where a and b are integers, which of the following must be true?

I. a < 0
II. b < 0
III. ab < 0

A I only
B II only
C I and II
D I and III
E II and III

You don't need number plugging at all.

Given: $$a-b>a+b$$ --> $$a$$ cancels out (which means that from given info we can say nothing about it: it can be positive, negative or zero, so it can be ANY number) --> $$2b<0$$ --> $$b<0$$.

As we know nothing about $$a$$ and know that $$b<0$$, so only II must be true.

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Re: If a b > a + b, where a and b are integers, which of the [#permalink]

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15 Oct 2014, 16:22
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Re: If a b > a + b, where a and b are integers, which of the [#permalink]

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24 Aug 2015, 09:55
Bunuel wrote:
If a – b > a + b, where a and b are integers, which of the following must be true?

I. a < 0
II. b < 0
III. ab < 0

A. I only
B. II only
C. I and II only
D. I and III only
E. II and III only

Merging topics.

Please refer to the discussion above.

can we not sqaure both sides of a – b > a + b ?

1. No. We can raise both parts of an inequality to an even power if we know that both parts of an inequality are non-negative (the same for taking an even root of both sides of an inequality). Check for more here: inequalities-tips-and-hints-175001.html

2. Why do you want to square?
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Re: If a b > a + b, where a and b are integers, which of the [#permalink]

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24 Aug 2015, 09:56
Bunuel wrote:
If a – b > a + b, where a and b are integers, which of the following must be true?

I. a < 0
II. b < 0
III. ab < 0

A. I only
B. II only
C. I and II only
D. I and III only
E. II and III only

Merging topics.

Please refer to the discussion above.

can we not sqaure both sides of a – b > a + b ?

You are only complicating the simple expression given by squaring it.

Also, as a general rule of inequalities, squaring variables in the inequalities is not a good idea until you know for sure the sign of a-b as multiplication by a negative number reverses the inequality.
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Re: If a b > a + b, where a and b are integers, which of the [#permalink]

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24 Aug 2015, 10:01
girishkakkar wrote:
If a – b > a + b, where a and b are integers, which of the following must be true?

I. a < 0
II. b < 0
III. ab < 0

A I only
B II only
C I and II
D I and III
E II and III

though the OA is revealed, but I am not conviced with the answer

Sorry I got my mistake
-3>-5
but 9< 25

actually after squaring we get 0>4ab , and thought III is also true
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If a b > a + b, where a and b are integers, which of the [#permalink]

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19 Feb 2016, 22:40
Bunuel wrote:
girishkakkar wrote:
If a – b > a + b, where a and b are integers, which of the following must be true?

I. a < 0
II. b < 0
III. ab < 0

A I only
B II only
C I and II
D I and III
E II and III

You don't need number plugging at all.

Given: $$a-b>a+b$$ --> $$a$$ cancels out (which means that from given info we can say nothing about it: it can be positive, negative or zero, so it can be ANY number) --> $$2b<0$$ --> $$b<0$$.

As we know nothing about $$a$$ and know that $$b<0$$, so only II must be true.

Hi Bunuel,

I cannot understand, how could we cancel 'a' here when we do not know about its sign? Please explain this.

Thanks.
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Re: If a b > a + b, where a and b are integers, which of the [#permalink]

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20 Feb 2016, 00:21
HKD1710 wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
girishkakkar wrote:
If a – b > a + b, where a and b are integers, which of the following must be true?

I. a < 0
II. b < 0
III. ab < 0

A I only
B II only
C I and II
D I and III
E II and III

You don't need number plugging at all.

Given: $$a-b>a+b$$ --> $$a$$ cancels out (which means that from given info we can say nothing about it: it can be positive, negative or zero, so it can be ANY number) --> $$2b<0$$ --> $$b<0$$.

As we know nothing about $$a$$ and know that $$b<0$$, so only II must be true.

Hi Bunuel,

I cannot understand, how could we cancel 'a' here when we do not know about its sign? Please explain this.

Thanks.

There is a difference between reducing (dividing/multiplying) an inequality by a variable and subtracting/adding a variable to both parts of an inequality. The first one we cannot do unless we know the sign of the variable but subtracting/adding is always applicable.

Solving Quadratic Inequalities - Graphic Approach
Inequality tips

DS Inequalities Problems
PS Inequalities Problems

700+ Inequalities problems
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Re: If a b > a + b, where a and b are integers, which of the [#permalink]

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04 Apr 2017, 11:30
Hello from the GMAT Club BumpBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: If a b > a + b, where a and b are integers, which of the   [#permalink] 04 Apr 2017, 11:30
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