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If a portion of a half water/half alcohol mix is replaced [#permalink]

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04 Jul 2014, 05:33

PareshGmat wrote:

Water .......... Alcohol ......... Total

50 .............. 50 ....................... 100

Let "x" quantity is removed

50 - 0.5x ....... 50 - 0.5x ............... 100-x

Same "x" quantity Alcohol is added of 25% concentration

50 - 0.5x......... 50 - 0.5x + 0.25x .......... 100 - x + x

Post addition, Alcohol concentration is 30%

\(50 - 0.25x = \frac{30}{100} * 100\)

0.25x = 20

x = 80%

Answer = E

what you are trying to explain?

You have calculated X. This is the question-

If a portion of a half water/half alcohol mix is replaced with 25% alcohol solution, resulting in a 30% alcohol solution, what percentage of the original alcohol was replaced?

A. 3% B. 20% C. 66% D. 75% E. 80%

Even I was saying this the question didn't asked what %age of total solution was replaced, but the question asked what %age of original alcohol was replaced. X here is the amount of total solution replaced.

50- 0.5x = The amount of alcohol replaced, which is equal to 40 and is also 80% coincidentally because alcohol was 1/2 the Original mixture but neither yous nor the original solution addressed this.
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Re: If a portion of a half water/half alcohol mix is replaced [#permalink]

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06 Jul 2014, 17:42

honchos wrote:

PareshGmat wrote:

Water .......... Alcohol ......... Total

50 .............. 50 ....................... 100

Let "x" quantity is removed

50 - 0.5x ....... 50 - 0.5x ............... 100-x

Same "x" quantity Alcohol is added of 25% concentration

50 - 0.5x......... 50 - 0.5x + 0.25x .......... 100 - x + x

Post addition, Alcohol concentration is 30%

\(50 - 0.25x = \frac{30}{100} * 100\)

0.25x = 20

x = 80%

Answer = E

what you are trying to explain?

You have calculated X. This is the question-

If a portion of a half water/half alcohol mix is replaced with 25% alcohol solution, resulting in a 30% alcohol solution, what percentage of the original alcohol was replaced?

A. 3% B. 20% C. 66% D. 75% E. 80%

Even I was saying this the question didn't asked what %age of total solution was replaced, but the question asked what %age of original alcohol was replaced. X here is the amount of total solution replaced.

50- 0.5x = The amount of alcohol replaced, which is equal to 40 and is also 80% coincidentally because alcohol was 1/2 the Original mixture but neither yous nor the original solution addressed this.

Can you elaborate as to how the highlighted value was computed?
_________________

If a portion of a half water/half alcohol mix is replaced with 25% alcohol solution, resulting in a 30% alcohol solution, what percentage of the original alcohol was replaced?

A. 3% B. 20% C. 66% D. 75% E. 80%

Even I was saying this the question didn't asked what %age of total solution was replaced, but the question asked what %age of original alcohol was replaced. X here is the amount of total solution replaced.

50- 0.5x = The amount of alcohol replaced, which is equal to 40 and is also 80% coincidentally because alcohol was 1/2 the Original mixture but neither yous nor the original solution addressed this.

Honchos, it is not 80% coincidentally. It has to be 80% because 80% of the solution was replaced. Look at my explanation given in the post above:

"we find the value of x, which is the fraction of the 50% SOLUTION that was replaced. We found that 4/5th of the original solution was replaced. Note that we assume solutions to be homogeneous. This means that if 4/5th of the solution was replaced, 4/5th of the original alcohol was replaced and 4/5th of the original water was replaced. Say you had 100 ml solution with 50 ml each of water and alcohol. You removed 4/5th of this solution i.e. 80 ml. So you removed 40 ml of each -water and alcohol i.e. you removed 4/5th of alcohol and 4/5th of water."
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Re: If a portion of a half water/half alcohol mix is replaced [#permalink]

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18 Mar 2015, 03:46

I am thinking about that for over one hour now... I don't understand why 80% can be the answer to the question what percentage of the original alcohol was replaced?

0.5(100−x)+0.25x=0.3*100 → x=80

First we take out 80 liters (x) of 100 liters solution. 20 Liters remain, of which 10 are alcohol. Then we add to that 20 liters 80 liters, which consist only of 25% alcohol (20 liters pure alcohol). Therefore the new solution logically consists of 70 (10+60) liters water and 30 (10+20) liters alcohol.

Now 80 liters or 80% of the of 100, is what we take out and add of the WHOLE solution. First we take 80 liters out than we add 80 liters. In my opinion 30 liters of alcohol we being replaced by water so 3/5.

Can somebody explain that to me comprehensibly? Thanks a lot.

I am thinking about that for over one hour now... I don't understand why 80% can be the answer to the question what percentage of the original alcohol was replaced?

0.5(100−x)+0.25x=0.3*100 → x=80

First we take out 80 liters (x) of 100 liters solution. 20 Liters remain, of which 10 are alcohol. Then we add to that 20 liters 80 liters, which consist only of 25% alcohol (20 liters pure alcohol). Therefore the new solution logically consists of 70 (10+60) liters water and 30 (10+20) liters alcohol.

Now 80 liters or 80% of the of 100, is what we take out and add of the WHOLE solution. First we take 80 liters out than we add 80 liters. In my opinion 30 liters of alcohol we being replaced by water so 3/5.

Can somebody explain that to me comprehensibly? Thanks a lot.

hi madmax1000, the Q asks us how much original alcohol is replaced... as found by you and taken by you.... original alcohol =50l and after removing 80 l, 40 l of original alcohol has been replaced.. what is later added is not the replaced(original) alcohol but the replacement alcohol and what has been asked is the original alcohol, which has come down from 50 to 10... so replaced alcohol=40/50.. hope it helped..
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I am thinking about that for over one hour now... I don't understand why 80% can be the answer to the question what percentage of the original alcohol was replaced?

0.5(100−x)+0.25x=0.3*100 → x=80

First we take out 80 liters (x) of 100 liters solution. 20 Liters remain, of which 10 are alcohol. Then we add to that 20 liters 80 liters, which consist only of 25% alcohol (20 liters pure alcohol). Therefore the new solution logically consists of 70 (10+60) liters water and 30 (10+20) liters alcohol.

Now 80 liters or 80% of the of 100, is what we take out and add of the WHOLE solution. First we take 80 liters out than we add 80 liters. In my opinion 30 liters of alcohol we being replaced by water so 3/5.

Can somebody explain that to me comprehensibly? Thanks a lot.

Say, you have a 100 ml glass of 50% water + 50% alcohol solution. So water is 50 ml in it and alcohol is 50 ml in it homogeneously mixed.

Now, of the 100 ml, say you take out, 20 ml solution (i.e. you take out 20% of the solution). How much water and how much alcohol did you take out? Since the solution has 50-50 alcohol and water, the 20 ml will have 10 ml water and 10 ml alcohol, right?

So of the 50 ml alcohol originally, you took out 10 ml alcohol. This means you took out 20% of the original alcohol. Of the 50 ml water originally, you took out 10 ml water. This means you took out 20% of the original water.

So by taking out 20% of the original solution (which was 100 ml), you took out 20% of original water (which was 10 ml of 50 ml) and 20% of original alcohol (which was 10 ml of 50 ml).

Re: If a portion of a half water/half alcohol mix is replaced [#permalink]

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08 Aug 2016, 08:02

Hi Can anyone explain the meaning of the question?? I've been trying to comprehend..say the solution is 100 ml 50 ml water and 50 ml alcohol.. now it says half water/half alcohol is replaced... as in each component is 25ml each and so 25+25=50? I dint understand this.can anyone help please?

Hi Can anyone explain the meaning of the question?? I've been trying to comprehend..say the solution is 100 ml 50 ml water and 50 ml alcohol.. now it says half water/half alcohol is replaced... as in each component is 25ml each and so 25+25=50? I dint understand this.can anyone help please?

The question says:

"If a portion of a half water/half alcohol mix is replaced with 25% alcohol solution"

So half water/half alcohol is the kind of original mix we have. We have a solution made of 50% alcohol and the other 50% is water. We replace some part of it with a 25% alcohol solution (so it has 25% alcohol and 75% water) How much of it do we replace, we do not know. If of the original, say 100 ml, we replace 20 ml, then we will take out 20 ml of 50% solution (so 10 ml alcohol 10 ml water) and instead put 20 ml of 25% solution (5 ml alcohol and 15 ml water).

Now we would have alcohol -> 40 ml + 5 ml = 45 ml and we would have water -> 40 ml + 15 ml = 55 ml

So the resulting solution will be 45% alcohol solution.

Re: If a portion of a half water/half alcohol mix is replaced [#permalink]

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08 Aug 2016, 08:49

Hi Karishma,

Thanks so much, I did understand the question now.. Original composition = 50% water + 50% alcohol ; after replacement 25% alcohol + 75 % water = 30% alcohol.. Now if I apply allegation: old alcohol new alcohol 50 25 30 5 20 old alcohol/new alcohol = 1/4 How can I proceed after this...? Also I am finding it difficult to construct the same through equations..could you please help?

Thanks so much, I did understand the question now.. Original composition = 50% water + 50% alcohol ; after replacement 25% alcohol + 75 % water = 30% alcohol.. Now if I apply allegation: old alcohol new alcohol 50 25 30 5 20 old alcohol/new alcohol = 1/4 How can I proceed after this...? Also I am finding it difficult to construct the same through equations..could you please help?

Did you check the post for which I provided the link above?

So in the final solution, there will be only 1 part solution 1 for every 4 parts of solution 2. So how much of solution 1 was replaced by solution 2? Out of 5 parts of solution 1, 4 parts were removed and replaced by 4 parts of solution 2. Hence, 4/5th of solution 1 was replaced. This is 80%.
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Nice explanation indeed. But I want to know what does 50% represents? Is it water or alcohol?

25% and 30% are the concentrations of alcohol. So basically we are working with alcohol. Hence 50% is also the concentration of alcohol.
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