GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

It is currently 20 Oct 2019, 19:46

Close

GMAT Club Daily Prep

Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track
Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

Close

Request Expert Reply

Confirm Cancel

If J = 2 + 4 + 6 + 8 + . . . 98 + 100, and K = 1 + 3 + 5 + 7 + . . . +

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  
Author Message
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Find Similar Topics 
GMAT Club Legend
GMAT Club Legend
User avatar
V
Joined: 12 Sep 2015
Posts: 4015
Location: Canada
If J = 2 + 4 + 6 + 8 + . . . 98 + 100, and K = 1 + 3 + 5 + 7 + . . . +  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 May 2017, 07:06
Top Contributor
27
00:00
A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  95% (hard)

Question Stats:

40% (02:28) correct 60% (02:17) wrong based on 223 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

If J = 2 + 4 + 6 + 8 + . . . 98 + 100, and K = 1 + 3 + 5 + 7 + . . . + 97 + 99, then \(1^2 - 2^2 + 3^2 - 4^2 + 5^2 - 6^2 + . . . . . + 97^2 - 98^2 + 99^2 - 100^2 =\)

A) J² - K²
B) -50(J² - K²)
C) -K - J
D) K² - J²
E) (-J - K)²

*kudos for all correct solutions

_________________
Test confidently with gmatprepnow.com
Image
Most Helpful Expert Reply
GMAT Club Legend
GMAT Club Legend
User avatar
V
Joined: 12 Sep 2015
Posts: 4015
Location: Canada
Re: If J = 2 + 4 + 6 + 8 + . . . 98 + 100, and K = 1 + 3 + 5 + 7 + . . . +  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 10 May 2017, 14:07
12
Top Contributor
7
GMATPrepNow wrote:
If J = 2 + 4 + 6 + 8 + . . . 98 + 100, and K = 1 + 3 + 5 + 7 + . . . + 97 + 99, then \(1^2 - 2^2 + 3^2 - 4^2 + 5^2 - 6^2 + . . . . . + 97^2 - 98^2 + 99^2 - 100^2 =\)

A) J² - K²
B) -50(J² - K²)
C) -K - J
D) K² - J²
E) (-J - K)²


We have several differences of squares hiding in the expression 1² - 2² + 3² - 4² + 5² - 6² + . . . . . + 97² - 98² + 99² - 100²

1² - 2² + 3² - 4² + 5² - 6² + . . . . . + 97² - 98² + 99² - 100² = 1² - 2² + 3² - 4² + 5² - 6² + . . . . . + 97² - 98² + 99² - 100²
= (1 - 2)(1 + 2) + (3 - 4)(3 + 4) + (5 - 6)(5 + 6) + . . . . . + (97 - 98)(97 + 98) + (99 - 100)(99 + 100)
= (-1)(1 + 2) + (-1)(3 + 4) + (-1)(5 + 6) + . . . . . + (-1)(97 + 98) + (-1)(99 + 100)
= (-1)[(1 + 2) + (3 + 4) + (5 + 6) + . . . . . + (97 + 98) + (99 + 100)]
= (-1)(1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + . . . . . 97 + 98 + 99 + 100)

IMPORTANT: within the sum, 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + . . . . . 97 + 98 + 99 + 100, we have all of the ODD integers from 1 to 99 inclusive, and we have all of the EVEN integers from 2 to 100 inclusive.

So, we can say that 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + . . . . . 97 + 98 + 99 + 100 = K + J

So, we're replace 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + . . . . . 97 + 98 + 99 + 100 with K + J.
We get: (-1)(1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + . . . . . 97 + 98 + 99 + 100) = (-1)(K + J)
= -K - J

Answer:

Cheers,
Brent
_________________
Test confidently with gmatprepnow.com
Image
Most Helpful Community Reply
VP
VP
User avatar
D
Joined: 05 Mar 2015
Posts: 1000
Reviews Badge
If J = 2 + 4 + 6 + 8 + . . . 98 + 100, and K = 1 + 3 + 5 + 7 + . . . +  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 May 2017, 07:53
6
1
GMATPrepNow wrote:
If J = 2 + 4 + 6 + 8 + . . . 98 + 100, and K = 1 + 3 + 5 + 7 + . . . + 97 + 99, then \(1^2 - 2^2 + 3^2 - 4^2 + 5^2 - 6^2 + . . . . . + 97^2 - 98^2 + 99^2 - 100^2 =\)

A) J² - K²
B) -50(J² - K²)
C) -K - J
D) K² - J²
E) (-J - K)²

*kudos for all correct solutions



simply put j= 2+4
k= 1+3

then 1^2- 2^2 + 3^2 - 4^2 = 1-4+9-16= -10


also j= 2+4= 6 && k = 1+3 =4
j^2= 36 && k^2 =16

just plug in values to option to get -10 as our answer

only option C does

Ans C
General Discussion
Math Expert
avatar
V
Joined: 02 Aug 2009
Posts: 7992
Re: If J = 2 + 4 + 6 + 8 + . . . 98 + 100, and K = 1 + 3 + 5 + 7 + . . . +  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 May 2017, 08:25
7
GMATPrepNow wrote:
If J = 2 + 4 + 6 + 8 + . . . 98 + 100, and K = 1 + 3 + 5 + 7 + . . . + 97 + 99, then \(1^2 - 2^2 + 3^2 - 4^2 + 5^2 - 6^2 + . . . . . + 97^2 - 98^2 + 99^2 - 100^2 =\)

A) J² - K²
B) -50(J² - K²)
C) -K - J
D) K² - J²
E) (-J - K)²

*kudos for all correct solutions



Hi,

\(1^2 - 2^2 + 3^2 - 4^2 + 5^2 - 6^2 + . . . . . + 97^2 - 98^2 + 99^2 - 100^2 =\) .....
Here take all inpairs \(1^2-2^2\), \(3^2-4^2\), and so on till \(99^2-100^2\)..
1^2-2^2=(1-2)(1+2)=-1(1+2)=-1-2...
3^2-4^2=(3-4)(3+4)=-1(3+4)=-3-4..
So the equation becomes -1-2-3-4-......-99-100=-(1+2+3+4+...+99+100)= -[(2+4+6....+98+100)+(1+3+5+...+97+99)]=-[(j)+(k)]=-j-k
C
_________________
Director
Director
avatar
P
Joined: 14 Nov 2014
Posts: 598
Location: India
GMAT 1: 700 Q50 V34
GPA: 3.76
Re: If J = 2 + 4 + 6 + 8 + . . . 98 + 100, and K = 1 + 3 + 5 + 7 + . . . +  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 08 May 2017, 10:52
1
GMATPrepNow wrote:
If J = 2 + 4 + 6 + 8 + . . . 98 + 100, and K = 1 + 3 + 5 + 7 + . . . + 97 + 99, then \(1^2 - 2^2 + 3^2 - 4^2 + 5^2 - 6^2 + . . . . . + 97^2 - 98^2 + 99^2 - 100^2 =\)

A) J² - K²
B) -50(J² - K²)
C) -K - J
D) K² - J²
E) (-J - K)²

*kudos for all correct solutions


We can break the problem into a^2 - b ^2 = 1^2 - 2^2 = (1+2) (1-2) = -3
similarly other pair will give = -7 ,next pair will give = -11
final pair will give -199
Now the question stem is reduced to below seq:
-3 -7-11.....-199

-3 = -(1+2)
-7 = -(3+4)
-11 = -(5+6)

-(1+3+5....)-(2+4+6...)
-(j)-(k)
-(j+k)..Ans
Senior SC Moderator
User avatar
V
Joined: 14 Nov 2016
Posts: 1348
Location: Malaysia
GMAT ToolKit User
If J = 2 + 4 + 6 + 8 + . . . 98 + 100, and K = 1 + 3 + 5 + 7 + . . . +  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 May 2017, 22:52
GMATPrepNow wrote:
If \(J = 2 + 4 + 6 + 8 + . . . 98 + 100\), and \(K = 1 + 3 + 5 + 7 + . . . + 97 + 99\), then \(1^2 - 2^2 + 3^2 - 4^2 + 5^2 - 6^2 + . . . . . + 97^2 - 98^2 + 99^2 - 100^2 =\)

A) J² - K²
B) -50(J² - K²)
C) -K - J
D) K² - J²
E) (-J - K)²

*kudos for all correct solutions


From Matt (Veritas Prep)

We could also cheat with a pattern:

\(n² - (n + 1)² => n² - (n² + 2n + 1) => -(2n + 1) => -(n + n + 1)\) for any value of n.

Since we've got 1² - 2² + 3² - 4² ..., we've really got -(1 + 2) -(3 + 4) .... -(99 + 100), or -1 -2 -3 -4 .... - 99 - 100, or -(1 + 2 + 3 + ... + 100), or -(K + J), or -K - J.
_________________
"Be challenged at EVERY MOMENT."

“Strength doesn’t come from what you can do. It comes from overcoming the things you once thought you couldn’t.”

"Each stage of the journey is crucial to attaining new heights of knowledge."

Rules for posting in verbal forum | Please DO NOT post short answer in your post!

Advanced Search : https://gmatclub.com/forum/advanced-search/
Director
Director
User avatar
D
Affiliations: IIT Dhanbad
Joined: 13 Mar 2017
Posts: 728
Location: India
Concentration: General Management, Entrepreneurship
GPA: 3.8
WE: Engineering (Energy and Utilities)
If J = 2 + 4 + 6 + 8 + . . . 98 + 100, and K = 1 + 3 + 5 + 7 + . . . +  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 May 2017, 23:28
1
GMATPrepNow wrote:
If J = 2 + 4 + 6 + 8 + . . . 98 + 100, and K = 1 + 3 + 5 + 7 + . . . + 97 + 99, then \(1^2 - 2^2 + 3^2 - 4^2 + 5^2 - 6^2 + . . . . . + 97^2 - 98^2 + 99^2 - 100^2 =\)

A) J² - K²
B) -50(J² - K²)
C) -K - J
D) K² - J²
E) (-J - K)²

*kudos for all correct solutions


There can be many solutions possible. But we will go with the basic solution, though it might be lengthy one to understand the concepts..
We can use tricks to solve problem as suggested by other members in exam.. Learning tricks is also very important.

J = 2+4+6+8+....+98+100
K = 1+3+5+7+....++97+99

\(1^2 - 2^2 + 3^2 - 4^2 + 5^2 - 6^2 + . . . . . + 97^2 - 98^2 + 99^2 - 100^2 =\)
= (1-2)(1+2) + (3-4) (3+4)+ (5-6)(5+6) +.......+ (97-98)(97+98) +(99-100)(99+100)
= -1[(1+2)+(3+4)(5+6) +......+ (97+98)+(99+100)]
= -1[ (1+3+5+...+97+99) + (2+4+6+...+98+100)]
= -1(K+J)
= -K-J

Anwer : C

_________________
CAT 2017 (98.95) & 2018 (98.91) : 99th percentiler
UPSC Aspirants : Get my app UPSC Important News Reader from Play store.

MBA Social Network : WebMaggu


Appreciate by Clicking +1 Kudos ( Lets be more generous friends.)



What I believe is : "Nothing is Impossible, Even Impossible says I'm Possible" : "Stay Hungry, Stay Foolish".
Intern
Intern
avatar
B
Joined: 28 Mar 2013
Posts: 7
GMAT 1: 680 Q49 V32
GMAT ToolKit User Reviews Badge CAT Tests
Re: If J = 2 + 4 + 6 + 8 + . . . 98 + 100, and K = 1 + 3 + 5 + 7 + . . . +  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 11 May 2017, 23:39
1
Answer is C .
We can pair any 2 consecutive term and apply (a+b) (a-b) in stead of a^2 - b ^2.


Sent from my Moto G (4) using GMAT Club Forum mobile app
Intern
Intern
User avatar
B
Joined: 05 Mar 2018
Posts: 3
Re: If J = 2 + 4 + 6 + 8 + . . . 98 + 100, and K = 1 + 3 + 5 + 7 + . . . +  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 30 Apr 2018, 21:01
GMATPrepNow wrote:
GMATPrepNow wrote:
If J = 2 + 4 + 6 + 8 + . . . 98 + 100, and K = 1 + 3 + 5 + 7 + . . . + 97 + 99, then \(1^2 - 2^2 + 3^2 - 4^2 + 5^2 - 6^2 + . . . . . + 97^2 - 98^2 + 99^2 - 100^2 =\)

A) J² - K²
B) -50(J² - K²)
C) -K - J
D) K² - J²
E) (-J - K)²


We have several differences of squares hiding in the expression 1² - 2² + 3² - 4² + 5² - 6² + . . . . . + 97² - 98² + 99² - 100²

1² - 2² + 3² - 4² + 5² - 6² + . . . . . + 97² - 98² + 99² - 100² = 1² - 2² + 3² - 4² + 5² - 6² + . . . . . + 97² - 98² + 99² - 100²
= (1 - 2)(1 + 2) + (3 - 4)(3 + 4) + (5 - 6)(5 + 6) + . . . . . + (97 - 98)(97 + 98) + (99 - 100)(99 + 100)
= [color=red](-1)(1 + 2) + (-1)(3 + 4) + (-1)(5 + 6) + . . . . . + (-1)(97 + 98) + (-1)(99 + 100)
= (-1)[(1 + 2) + (3 + 4) + (5 + 6) + . . . . . + (97 + 98) + (99 + 100)]
= (-1)(1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + . . . . . 97 + 98 + 99 + 100)

IMPORTANT: within the sum, 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + . . . . . 97 + 98 + 99 + 100, we have all of the ODD integers from 1 to 99 inclusive, and we have all of the EVEN integers from 2 to 100 inclusive.

So, we can say that 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + . . . . . 97 + 98 + 99 + 100 = K + J

So, we're replace 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + . . . . . 97 + 98 + 99 + 100 with K + J.
We get: (-1)(1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + . . . . . 97 + 98 + 99 + 100) = (-1)(K + J)
= -K - J

Answer:

Cheers,
Brent


Hi Brent, I did't understand the step 3. Can you please elaborate, how did you write
(1-2)(1+2) = (-1)(1 + 2)
(3-4)(3+4) =(-1)(3+4)... and so on...?
GMAT Club Legend
GMAT Club Legend
User avatar
V
Joined: 12 Sep 2015
Posts: 4015
Location: Canada
Re: If J = 2 + 4 + 6 + 8 + . . . 98 + 100, and K = 1 + 3 + 5 + 7 + . . . +  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 May 2018, 08:16
2
Top Contributor
MayurAgrawal wrote:
GMATPrepNow wrote:
GMATPrepNow wrote:
If J = 2 + 4 + 6 + 8 + . . . 98 + 100, and K = 1 + 3 + 5 + 7 + . . . + 97 + 99, then \(1^2 - 2^2 + 3^2 - 4^2 + 5^2 - 6^2 + . . . . . + 97^2 - 98^2 + 99^2 - 100^2 =\)

A) J² - K²
B) -50(J² - K²)
C) -K - J
D) K² - J²
E) (-J - K)²


We have several differences of squares hiding in the expression 1² - 2² + 3² - 4² + 5² - 6² + . . . . . + 97² - 98² + 99² - 100²

1² - 2² + 3² - 4² + 5² - 6² + . . . . . + 97² - 98² + 99² - 100² = 1² - 2² + 3² - 4² + 5² - 6² + . . . . . + 97² - 98² + 99² - 100²
= (1 - 2)(1 + 2) + (3 - 4)(3 + 4) + (5 - 6)(5 + 6) + . . . . . + (97 - 98)(97 + 98) + (99 - 100)(99 + 100)
= (-1)(1 + 2) + (-1)(3 + 4) + (-1)(5 + 6) + . . . . . + (-1)(97 + 98) + (-1)(99 + 100)
= (-1)[(1 + 2) + (3 + 4) + (5 + 6) + . . . . . + (97 + 98) + (99 + 100)]
= (-1)(1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + . . . . . 97 + 98 + 99 + 100)

IMPORTANT: within the sum, 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + . . . . . 97 + 98 + 99 + 100, we have all of the ODD integers from 1 to 99 inclusive, and we have all of the EVEN integers from 2 to 100 inclusive.

So, we can say that 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + . . . . . 97 + 98 + 99 + 100 = K + J

So, we're replace 1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + . . . . . 97 + 98 + 99 + 100 with K + J.
We get: (-1)(1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + . . . . . 97 + 98 + 99 + 100) = (-1)(K + J)
= -K - J

Answer:

Cheers,
Brent


Hi Brent, I did't understand the step 3. Can you please elaborate, how did you write
(1-2)(1+2) = (-1)(1 + 2)
(3-4)(3+4) =(-1)(3+4)... and so on...?


Sure thing.
Let's take (1 - 2)(1 + 2) + (3 - 4)(3 + 4) + (5 - 6)(5 + 6) + . . . . . + (97 - 98)(97 + 98) + (99 - 100)(99 + 100) and break it into its individual parts:
(1 - 2)(1 + 2) = (-1)(1 + 2) because 1 - 2 = -1
(3 - 4)(3 + 4) = (-1)(3 + 4) because 3 - 4 = -1
(5 - 6)(5 + 6) = (-1)(5 + 6) because 5 - 6 = -1
.
.
.

(97 - 98)(97 + 98) = (-1)(97 + 98) because 97 - 98 = -1
(99 - 100)(99 + 100) = (-1)(99 + 100) because 99 - 100 = -1

So, we get: (-1)(1 + 2) + (-1)(3 + 4) + (-1)(5 + 6) + . . . . . + (-1)(97 + 98) + (-1)(99 + 100)
From here, we can factor out the -1 to get: (-1)[(1 + 2) + (3 + 4) + (5 + 6) + . . . . . + (97 + 98) + (99 + 100)]
Which is the same as: (-1)(1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + . . . . . 97 + 98 + 99 + 100)

Does that help?

Cheers,
Brent
_________________
Test confidently with gmatprepnow.com
Image
Intern
Intern
User avatar
B
Joined: 05 Mar 2018
Posts: 3
Re: If J = 2 + 4 + 6 + 8 + . . . 98 + 100, and K = 1 + 3 + 5 + 7 + . . . +  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 01 May 2018, 18:00
Quote:
Quote:
Hi Brent, I did't understand the step 3. Can you please elaborate, how did you write
(1-2)(1+2) = (-1)(1 + 2)
(3-4)(3+4) =(-1)(3+4)... and so on...?


Sure thing.
Let's take (1 - 2)(1 + 2) + (3 - 4)(3 + 4) + (5 - 6)(5 + 6) + . . . . . + (97 - 98)(97 + 98) + (99 - 100)(99 + 100) and break it into its individual parts:
(1 - 2)(1 + 2) = (-1)(1 + 2) because 1 - 2 = -1
(3 - 4)(3 + 4) = (-1)(3 + 4) because 3 - 4 = -1
(5 - 6)(5 + 6) = (-1)(5 + 6) because 5 - 6 = -1
.
.
.

(97 - 98)(97 + 98) = (-1)(97 + 98) because 97 - 98 = -1
(99 - 100)(99 + 100) = (-1)(99 + 100) because 99 - 100 = -1

So, we get: (-1)(1 + 2) + (-1)(3 + 4) + (-1)(5 + 6) + . . . . . + (-1)(97 + 98) + (-1)(99 + 100)
From here, we can factor out the -1 to get: (-1)[(1 + 2) + (3 + 4) + (5 + 6) + . . . . . + (97 + 98) + (99 + 100)]
Which is the same as: (-1)(1 + 2 + 3 + 4 + . . . . . 97 + 98 + 99 + 100)

Does that help?

Cheers,
Brent


Silly Me. I totally missed subtraction. Thank you very much for clearing doubt. :)
Non-Human User
User avatar
Joined: 09 Sep 2013
Posts: 13318
Re: If J = 2 + 4 + 6 + 8 + . . . 98 + 100, and K = 1 + 3 + 5 + 7 + . . . +  [#permalink]

Show Tags

New post 10 May 2019, 11:41
Hello from the GMAT Club BumpBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
_________________
GMAT Club Bot
Re: If J = 2 + 4 + 6 + 8 + . . . 98 + 100, and K = 1 + 3 + 5 + 7 + . . . +   [#permalink] 10 May 2019, 11:41
Display posts from previous: Sort by

If J = 2 + 4 + 6 + 8 + . . . 98 + 100, and K = 1 + 3 + 5 + 7 + . . . +

  new topic post reply Question banks Downloads My Bookmarks Reviews Important topics  





Powered by phpBB © phpBB Group | Emoji artwork provided by EmojiOne