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If Mary and Sue enter a 750 meter swimming competition in which Mary g
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11 Jul 2019, 08:00
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If Mary and Sue enter a 750 meter swimming competition in which Mary gives Sue a 2 minute headstart, will Mary overtake Sue over the course of the race? (1) Mary swims at a constant rate greater than 1.5 meters per second (2) Sue swims at a constant rate less than 1.3 meters per second
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Re: If Mary and Sue enter a 750 meter swimming competition in which Mary g
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11 Jul 2019, 08:12
IMO Answer is C:
from 1: we do not know Sue's rate of swimming, so not suff from 2: we do not know Mary's swimming rate so not suff 1+2, we know the max and min rates of Mary and Sue with which we can determine if they ever catch up, so C



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Re: If Mary and Sue enter a 750 meter swimming competition in which Mary g
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11 Jul 2019, 08:14
Answer has to be C. because unless we know the speed of both participants we cannot tell that mary could overtake sue or not.
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If Mary and Sue enter a 750 meter swimming competition in which Mary g
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If Mary and Sue enter a 750 meter swimming competition in which Mary gives Sue a 2 minute headstart, will Mary overtake Sue over the course of the race? (1) Mary swims at a constant rate greater than 1.5 meters per second (2) Sue swims at a constant rate less than 1.3 meters per second Gevin P: Mary and Sue enter a 750 meter swimming competition in which Mary gives Sue a 2 minute headstart Question Q: Will Mary overtake Sue over the course of the race? Statement S1: Mary swims at a constant rate greater than 1.5 meters per second Mary will complete 750 m in less than 750/1.5 = 500 seconds Mary will overtake Sue if she covers headstart distance before Sue reaches the end of the race or completes 750 m. Since Sue's speed is not known NOT SUFFICIENT Statement S2: (2) Sue swims at a constant rate less than 1.3 meters per second Sue had a headstart of <1.3*2*60 = 156 m Sue had to swim > 750  156 = 594 m before Mary complete 750m Since Mary's speed is not known NOT SUFFICIENT Statement S1 & S2 together: S1: Mary swims at a constant rate greater than 1.5 meters per second S2: Sue swims at a constant rate less than 1.3 meters per second Mary swims the entire distance of 750m in < 750/1.5 = 500 seconds Sue had a headstart of 2 mins or <156m She swims the balance (>(700156) or >594 m) in greater than 594/1.3 > 456.92 seconds If Sue takes more than 500 seconds time to finish than Mary will definitely overtake her, otherwise it will depend on their actual speeds. NOT SUFFICIENT. IMO E
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Originally posted by Kinshook on 11 Jul 2019, 08:28.
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Re: If Mary and Sue enter a 750 meter swimming competition in which Mary g
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11 Jul 2019, 08:33
(1) Mary swims at a constant rate greater than 1.5 meters per second  Insufficient, No information on Sue's speed (2) Sue swims at a constant rate less than 1.3 meters per second  Insufficient, No information on Mary's speed (3) Combined  if at the lowest net speed (Marysue) provides that Mary can overtake then sufficient else insufficient.At lowest  Mary's will be 1.500000..1~1.5 and Sue's 1.2999999999~1.3. So in 2 minutes Mary will be behind by distance covered by Sue  1.3*120 = 156. Net speed gained by Mary per minute is 0.2*60=12 meters/min To cover 156 Meters Mary will require 13 minutes while sue will complete the race by 750/78~less than 10 minutes  So not enough for Mary to overtake Sue. As per above logic on (3)  Insufficient IMO E
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Re: If Mary and Sue enter a 750 meter swimming competition in which Mary g
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11 Jul 2019, 08:33
E.
Clearly each statement alone is not sufficient since we need some idea about their relative velocity.
Now, for Mary to catch up before finishing line, lets assume RV is the relative velocity of Mary wrt Sue, so RV*2*60 < 750 (for catching up before finishing line) => RV < 6.25 m/s.
Now, from given statements, RV>1.5  1.3 = 0.2 m/s
So, RV may very well be more than 6.25 m/s in which case Mary wont catch up before finishing line or may catch up if RV < 6.25 m/s. So cant find out with certainty.



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Re: If Mary and Sue enter a 750 meter swimming competition in which Mary g
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11 Jul 2019, 08:35
If Mary and Sue enter a 750 meter swimming competition in which Mary gives Sue a 2 minute headstart, will Mary overtake Sue over the course of the race?
Before moving to the question stems, let's analyze the question. Distance = speed *Time Distance is 750m
Mary time = t Sue = t2
To figure out the answer we need the speed.
(1) Mary swims at a constant rate greater than 1.5 meters per second This statement is insufficient as we don't know about sue's speed.
(2) Sue swims at a constant rate of fewer than 1.3 meters per second This statement is insufficient as we don't know the speed of Mary.
Combining the statements: we see that Mary's speed is greater than 90 meters per minute. Sue's speed is less than 78 meters per minute.
Given the scenario, we cannot tell if mary will overtake Sue. hence combining will be insufficient.
The answer is E.



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Re: If Mary and Sue enter a 750 meter swimming competition in which Mary g
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11 Jul 2019, 08:36
This is the relative speed question. As both will swim in the same direction we need to find both individual speeds. Distance = 750 m Heads up = 120 seconds
1. Mary swims at a constant rate greater than 1.5 meters per second. Mary` speed > 1.5 m/s but it does not give any idea about sue `s speed. Insufficient.
2. Sue swims at a constant rate of fewer than 1.3 meters per second Sue`s speed < 1.3 m/s but again we don`t know about Mary` speed. Insufficient.
Combining both, we have can have a relative speed for both. As we can see also that there is difference between their speeds. Let Mary`s speed = 2 and Sue`s speed = 1 Then the relative speed will be (21) m/s. This is sufficient to answer the question. We don`t need to calculate whether Mary will catch Sue or not.
IMO the answer is C.
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Re: If Mary and Sue enter a 750 meter swimming competition in which Mary g
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11 Jul 2019, 08:38
A  speed greater than 1.5m/s . Since, there is no greater limit. It can go upto infinite and can be 1.6m/s nevertheless,we cannot get to the concerete answer. B  on the same line as A. the speed can be almost 0 to 1.3m/s no info about the speed of A hence, inconclusive. Combining A and B at the border take 1.5m/s at A's speed(90m/min) and 1.3m/s (78m/s)as B's speed. In 2 minutes B would have travelled 156m Distance = speed X Time 156 = (9078) X time Time = 13 min In 13+2 min B would have travelled 15X78, which is greater than 750 m > A will not catch B if we choose the value of A as 20m/s then A will catch B so, combining 1st and 2nd statement is inconclusive. Hence,E is the answer.
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Re: If Mary and Sue enter a 750 meter swimming competition in which Mary g
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11 Jul 2019, 08:38
(1) Speed of Mary > 1.5m/sec > 90m/min Not sufficient (2) Speed of Sue < 1.3 m/sec < 78m/min Not sufficient (1)+(2) If we consider speed of Mary to be 91 m/min and speed of Sue to be 77m/min Mary will overtake Sue. Answer should be C.
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Re: If Mary and Sue enter a 750 meter swimming competition in which Mary g
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11 Jul 2019, 08:39
IMO correct ans is C  Explanation given as
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Re: If Mary and Sue enter a 750 meter swimming competition in which Mary g
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11 Jul 2019, 08:41
1) Assume Rate of Mary=2.5 and Rate of Sue=1 In 2 mnute headstart, course covered by Sue=120m. Race Course left to finish race for Sue=630m Now time taken by Mary to catch Sue=120/2.5=48s And in 48s Sue would have to still cover 63048=582m to finish race. Sufficient. 2) Clearly not sufficient. Hence IMO option A.
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Re: If Mary and Sue enter a 750 meter swimming competition in which Mary g
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11 Jul 2019, 08:43
Total distance = 750 m Sue starts 2 mins before Mary =120 sec A. Mary swims at a constant rate greater than 1.5 meters per second This can be 1.51 or 1.6m/sec or greater than that This doesn't help us as we don't know Sue's speed Option A is insufficientB. Sue swims at a constant rate less than 1.3 meters per second This can be 1.29 m/s or 1.2 m/s or lesser than that. This doesn't help us as we don't know Mary's speed Option B is insufficient.The answer can either be C or E The difference between Mary and Sue's time should be >120 sec If Mary's speed is 1.51 m/s and Sue is 1.29m/s then the time difference nearly equal to 85 sec  This case answer is NoIf Mary's speed is 1.6 m/s and Sue is 1.2m/s then the time difference nearly equal to 157 sec  This case answer is YesSo both options together is insufficient.Answer : Option E
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If Mary and Sue enter a 750 meter swimming competition in which Mary g
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If Mary and Sue enter a 750 meter swimming competition in which Mary gives Sue a 2 minute headstart, will Mary overtake Sue over the course of the race? (1) Mary swims at a constant rate greater than 1.5 meters per second (2) Sue swims at a constant rate less than 1.3 meters per second Total distance = 750m. Mary's time = Sue's + 120sec (1) Mary swims at a constant rate greater than 1.5 meters per second If mary's speed = 1.5m/s, time taken would be 750/1.5 = 500s (max time) This is not sufficient since we do not know about Sue's speed (2) Sue swims at a constant rate less than 1.3 meters per second If sue's speed = 1.3m/s, time taken = 750/1.3 = 576s (min time) This is not sufficient since we do not know about Mary's speed Combining both statements together, mary's time < 500, if speed = 2m/s, time = 375s sue's time > 576, if speed = 1m/s, time = 750 s In this scenario Mary will definitely overtake. However, if mary's speed is close to 1.5, time slightly less than 500s similarly if sue's speed is close to 1.3m/s, time taken is slightly more than 576s The difference is < 120 sec In this scenario Mary will not overtake. Both statements together are not sufficient. Option E Posted from my mobile device
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Originally posted by prashanths on 11 Jul 2019, 08:44.
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Re: If Mary and Sue enter a 750 meter swimming competition in which Mary g
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11 Jul 2019, 08:48
IMO : E
If Mary and Sue enter a 750 meter swimming competition in which Mary gives Sue a 2 minute headstart, will Mary overtake Sue over the course of the race?
(1) Mary swims at a constant rate greater than 1.5 meters per second (2) Sue swims at a constant rate less than 1.3 meters per second
1)if mary swims at 1.5 m per second then she will take 500 seconds to finish. but we dont know the speed for sue, so this is not sufficient
2)sue swims at less than 1.3 , lets assume 1.3 then she will take 750/1.3 =577 (aprox) seconds to finish. we dont know the speed of Mary, so not sufficient.
C: from above it is known that Mary can out swim sue in the last 77 seconds but we know that sue already had 120 second head start. so she cannot out swim her at 1.5 m per second, but she might be able to if she swims 3 m per second. but we dont know what is here speed. and there is considerable scope to say that we cant say.
therefore E seems to be the best choice.



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Re: If Mary and Sue enter a 750 meter swimming competition in which Mary g
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11 Jul 2019, 08:49
If Mary and Sue enter a 750 meter swimming competition in which Mary gives Sue a 2 minute headstart, will Mary overtake Sue over the course of the race?
Ok, it is obvious that to solve this problem we have to know speeds od both Mary and sue (1) Mary swims at a constant rate greater than 1.5 meters per second Not sufficient. We have to know Sue's speed (2) Sue swims at a constant rate less than 1.3 meters per second Not sufficient. We have to know Mary's speed
Taking both statements together. Ok, here it becomes more interesting. Let's take extremes. Mary = something a little bit faster than 1,5 m/s Sue = something a little bit slower than 1,3 m/s
1.3*120 + 1.3*t=1.5t 156=0.2t t=780 they will meet in 780 sec after 2 min headstart 1,5*780=1170 meters. So, the answer is no, Mary will not overtake Sue.
Let's take another example. Mary= 3 m/s Sue = 0,1 m/s
0.1*120 +0.1t=3t 12=2.9t t=4.13 3*4.13=12
In this situation, Mary will definitely overtake Sue.
Thus the answer is E



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Re: If Mary and Sue enter a 750 meter swimming competition in which Mary g
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11 Jul 2019, 08:51
IMO E. [Both statements together are insufficient]
To know if Mary can over take Sue we need to know their respective speeds which are given through the statements. Hence, options A,B and D are eliminated.
Case 1: Mary's speed is 1.51 m/sec and Sue's speed is 1.29 m/secs. In 2 minutes Sue would have covered 1.29 * 120 = 154.8 meters. For Mary to overtake Sue it would take her 154.8 / (1.511.29 ) seconds = 703.636 seconds. Hence, the total distance Sue would have travelled would be ( 703 + 120 ) * 1.29 = 1061 meters. In this case, Mary will not be able to overtake Sue.
Case 2: Mary's speed be 5 m/sec and Sue's speed be 1m/sec. In 2 minutes Sue would have covered 120 meters. For Mary to overtake Sue it would take her 120 / (51 ) seconds = 30 seconds. Hence, the total distance Sue would have travelled would be ( 120 + 30 ) * 1 = 150 meters. In this case, Mary will be able to overtake Sue.
Hence, both statements together are insufficient to answer the question.



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Re: If Mary and Sue enter a 750 meter swimming competition in which Mary g
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11 Jul 2019, 08:51
total distance ; 750 mtrs time of Mary ; t and Sue ; t+120 #1 Mary swims at a constant rate greater than 1.5 meters per second but speed of Sue not given ; insufficient #2 Sue swims at a constant rate less than 1.3 meters per second speed of Mary not given ; insufficient from 1 &2 from given info speed of mary is > than speed of sue , but with that we get both yes & no as supposedly if speed of Mary is 1.51 m/sec then time taken by Mary; would be beaten ; else when Mary is at speed 1.62 m/sec she would beat sue IMO E If Mary and Sue enter a 750 meter swimming competition in which Mary gives Sue a 2 minute headstart, will Mary overtake Sue over the course of the race? (1) Mary swims at a constant rate greater than 1.5 meters per second (2) Sue swims at a constant rate less than 1.3 meters per second
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If Mary and Sue enter a 750 meter swimming competition in which Mary g
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I am really cautious when statements say greater or lesser than, because that won't mean a certain number, but imply a range. Any number from the range may affect the result of the problem differently. Thus I understand that I need to check both polar opposites. What popped up first in my mind was C, but the answer shouldn’t be so easy because there is no fun in that. 1  Case. It’s clear that neither statement itself is sufficient. Thus we will analyze both statements. We know that Sue has \(120\) second headstart. Keeping this in mind, let’s check whether that headstart can ever help Sue to come first  if Mary swims as slow as possible while Sue swims as fast as possible. Slowest rate of Mary \(\approx{1.5}\) meter per second Fastest rate of Sue \(\approx{1.3}\) meter per second Mary spends \(750/1.5=500\) seconds to reach the finish Sue spends \(750/1.3\approx{577}\) seconds to reach the finish So if they started at the same time Sue would come about \(77\) seconds later than Mary. However, if Sue started \(120\) seconds earlier than Mary, then Mary would come about \(43\) seconds later than Sue. Thus Sue would have a chance to win. 2 – Case. If Mary swims at any speed greater than \(1.7\) meter per second, then she will definitely be first. Using both statements we are still uncertain who will win. Thus both statements together are insufficient. Hence E
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Re: If Mary and Sue enter a 750 meter swimming competition in which Mary g
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11 Jul 2019, 08:58
E  Took longer than it should, but still original thought C, I am still working on getting better at these problem types.
But my thought process:
1) Insufficient, do not know anything about Sue's rate of speed 2) Insufficient, do not know anything about Mary's rate of speed.
Combine the two:
Even using the extreme of 1.501, Mary would take ~8 mins and 20 seconds to swim the 750 meter distance. Have to convert the rates from second to minute.
Using 1.299 for sue, Sue would complete the 750 ~ 9 mins 40 seconds. However, Sue given a two minute head start would cover ~156 meters in two minutes leaving only 594 meters to finish. Sue would complete this distance in less than ~8 minutes. Mary would never catch here.
Scenario two: if Mary swam 5 meters per second and Sue .5 meters per second, Mary would catch her.




Re: If Mary and Sue enter a 750 meter swimming competition in which Mary g
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