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If motorization continues to expand, it is expected to significantly

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If motorization continues to expand, it is expected to significantly  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Sep 2018, 19:47
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A
B
C
D
E

Difficulty:

  35% (medium)

Question Stats:

73% (01:40) correct 27% (01:59) wrong based on 141 sessions

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If motorization continues to expand, it is expected to significantly increase air pollution levels and cause substantial hazards to residents in highly populated areas. An initiative was taken to reform the sales tax, so that tax brackets will be determined according to the emission levels of vehicles. By providing an incentive to purchase smaller cars, the pollution rate will deteriorate.

Which of the following assumptions is crucial for the success of the new tax reform?

A. Citizens are expected to purchase fewer cars, thus lowering the motorization level.
B. Implementation of the new sales tax will result in increased use of public transportation instead of privately own cars.
C. The reformed sales tax will not cause polluting car manufacturers to deliberately alter the emission levels in their reports to the tax authorities.
D. Most people consider air pollution an important environmental issue that should be addressed by the authorities.
E. Vehicles with polluting engines could be sold to countries with lower motorization levels.

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Re: If motorization continues to expand, it is expected to significantly  [#permalink]

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New post 25 Sep 2018, 20:08
aragonn wrote:
If motorization continues to expand, it is expected to significantly increase air pollution levels and cause substantial hazards to residents in highly populated areas. An initiative was taken to reform the sales tax, so that tax brackets will be determined according to the emission levels of vehicles. By providing an incentive to purchase smaller cars, the pollution rate will deteriorate.

Which of the following assumptions is crucial for the success of the new tax reform?

A. Citizens are expected to purchase fewer cars, thus lowering the motorization level.
B. Implementation of the new sales tax will result in increased use of public transportation instead of privately own cars.
C. The reformed sales tax will not cause polluting car manufacturers to deliberately alter the emission levels in their reports to the tax authorities.
D. Most people consider air pollution an important environmental issue that should be addressed by the authorities.
E. Vehicles with polluting engines could be sold to countries with lower motorization levels.


+1 for C

A. Citizens are expected to purchase fewer cars, thus lowering the motorization level.
--> Fewer cars? What if the the cars bought have very high emission levels. Not helping the cause. Eliminate
B. Implementation of the new sales tax will result in increased use of public transportation instead of privately own cars.
--> Use of public transportation ? So are people still buying those vehicles with high emission levels? Not sufficient. Eliminate
C. The reformed sales tax will not cause polluting car manufacturers to deliberately alter the emission levels in their reports to the tax authorities.
--> This is important. If the car manufacturers deliberately alter emission levels in their reports then this will result in more high emission vehicles in the area after the tax reform is implemented
D. Most people consider air pollution an important environmental issue that should be addressed by the authorities.
--> Out of scope
E. Vehicles with polluting engines could be sold to countries with lower motorization levels.
--> Out of scope
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If motorization continues to expand, it is expected to significantly  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Sep 2018, 20:32
aragonn wrote:
If motorization continues to expand, it is expected to significantly increase air pollution levels and cause substantial hazards to residents in highly populated areas. An initiative was taken to reform the sales tax, so that tax brackets will be determined according to the emission levels of vehicles. By providing an incentive to purchase smaller cars, the pollution rate will deteriorate.

Which of the following assumptions is crucial for the success of the new tax reform?

A. Citizens are expected to purchase fewer cars, thus lowering the motorization level.
B. Implementation of the new sales tax will result in increased use of public transportation instead of privately own cars.
C. The reformed sales tax will not cause polluting car manufacturers to deliberately alter the emission levels in their reports to the tax authorities.
D. Most people consider air pollution an important environmental issue that should be addressed by the authorities.
E. Vehicles with polluting engines could be sold to countries with lower motorization levels.

Official Explanation:


We’ll look for an answer that tells us something that is crucial to the reform’s success in lowering air pollution.

(A) and (B) aren’t crucial assumptions – the argument demands that people purchase smaller cars, not that they drive less in private cars altogether.
(C) is a crucial assumption – if manufacturers alter the emission levels, the whole reform will miss its goal altogether.
(D) isn’t really relevant – the plan is to give people an economic reason to pollute less, regardless of what they think of environmental issues.
(E) isn’t directly relevant to the success of the reform in the places where it is implemented.
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Thanks!
Do give some kudos.

Simple strategy:
“Once you’ve eliminated the impossible, whatever remains, however improbable, must be the truth.”

Want to improve your Score:
GMAT Ninja YouTube! Series 1| GMAT Ninja YouTube! Series 2

My Notes:
Reading comprehension | Critical Reasoning | Absolute Phrases

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Re: If motorization continues to expand, it is expected to significantly  [#permalink]

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New post 27 Sep 2018, 04:24
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Why can't it be D? The plan to incentivise people to buy smaller cars can only work if they think that pollution is an issue that needs to be addressed.
It says 'By providing an incentive to purchase smaller cars, the pollution rate will deteriorate' but if they don't succumb to the incentive, will they not buy big cars?
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+1 Kudos if this helped :)

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Re: If motorization continues to expand, it is expected to significantly &nbs [#permalink] 27 Sep 2018, 04:24
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