Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track Your Progress

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Not interested in getting valuable practice questions and articles delivered to your email? No problem, unsubscribe here.

It appears that you are browsing the GMAT Club forum unregistered!

Signing up is free, quick, and confidential.
Join other 500,000 members and get the full benefits of GMAT Club

Registration gives you:

Tests

Take 11 tests and quizzes from GMAT Club and leading GMAT prep companies such as Manhattan GMAT,
Knewton, and others. All are free for GMAT Club members.

Applicant Stats

View detailed applicant stats such as GPA, GMAT score, work experience, location, application
status, and more

Books/Downloads

Download thousands of study notes,
question collections, GMAT Club’s
Grammar and Math books.
All are free!

Thank you for using the timer!
We noticed you are actually not timing your practice. Click the START button first next time you use the timer.
There are many benefits to timing your practice, including:

If n > 2, then the sum, S, of the integers from 1 through n [#permalink]

Show Tags

07 Jun 2012, 04:53

1

This post received KUDOS

4

This post was BOOKMARKED

00:00

A

B

C

D

E

Difficulty:

35% (medium)

Question Stats:

69% (02:04) correct
31% (00:49) wrong based on 161 sessions

HideShow timer Statistics

If n > 2, then the sum, S, of the integers from 1 through n can be calculated by the following formula: S = n(n + 1)/2. Which one of the following statements about S must be true?

A. S is always odd. B. S is always even. C. S must be a prime number D. S must not be a prime number E. S must be a perfect square

Can you please explain between B & D. Both need to be correct in order for the question to be valid right ?

(S needs to be even to be divisible by 2 & S shouldn't be a prime number)

If n > 2, then the sum, S, of the integers from 1 through n can be calculated by the following formula: S = n(n + 1)/2. Which one of the following statements about S must be true? A. S is always odd. B. S is always even. C. S must be a prime number D. S must not be a prime number E. S must be a perfect square

Notice that we are asked "which of the following MUST be true, not COULD be true. For such kind of questions if you can prove that a statement is NOT true for one particular set of numbers, it will mean that this statement is not always true and hence not a correct answer.

A. S is always odd --> not necessarily true if n=3 then 1+2+3=6=even. B. S is always even --> not necessarily true if n=5 then 1+2+3+4+5=15=odd. C. S must be a prime number --> not true if n=3 then 1+2+3=6=not prime. E. S must be a perfect square --> not necessarily true if n=3 then 1+2+3=6=not a perfect square.

Re: If n > 2, then the sum, S, of the integers from 1 through n [#permalink]

Show Tags

06 Nov 2012, 04:43

Correct me if I am not right, but since n > 2, S is always even since odd * even = even and 2 is the only even prime number S can never be a prime number!

Correct me if I am not right, but since n > 2, S is always even since odd * even = even and 2 is the only even prime number S can never be a prime number!

No, that's not correct. If S is always even, then B must also be correct. But if n=5 then 1+2+3+4+5=15=odd.
_________________

Re: If n > 2, then the sum, S, of the integers from 1 through n [#permalink]

Show Tags

06 Jan 2013, 01:05

shreya717 wrote:

If n > 2, then the sum, S, of the integers from 1 through n can be calculated by the following formula: S = n(n + 1)/2. Which one of the following statements about S must be true?

A. S is always odd. B. S is always even. C. S must be a prime number D. S must not be a prime number E. S must be a perfect square

Can you please explain between B & D. Both need to be correct in order for the question to be valid right ?

(S needs to be even to be divisible by 2 & S shouldn't be a prime number)

Thanks, Shreya

S = [n(n+1)]/2 for n>2 S should be divisible by either n or n+1 (for n = odd S is divisible by n and for n=even S is divisible by n+1) so it cannot be a prime no. Answer: D

If n > 2, then the sum, S, of the integers from 1 through n can be calculated by the following formula: S = n(n + 1)/2. Which one of the following statements about S must be true? (A) S is always odd. (B) S is always even. (C) S must be a prime number. (D) S must not be a prime number. (E) S must be a perfect square.

If n > 2, then the sum, S, of the integers from 1 through n can be calculated by the following formula: S = n(n + 1)/2. Which one of the following statements about S must be true? (A) S is always odd. (B) S is always even. (C) S must be a prime number. (D) S must not be a prime number. (E) S must be a perfect square.

Though i agree that the OA is right but even option B should be correct.

Put n = 5

S = 5*6/2 = 15 S is not always even. It may be even, it may be odd. If the even integer (out of n and n+1) is not a multiple of 4, then S will be odd.
_________________

If n > 2, then the sum, S, of the integers from 1 through n can be calculated by the following formula: S = n(n + 1)/2. Which one of the following statements about S must be true? (A) S is always odd. (B) S is always even. (C) S must be a prime number. (D) S must not be a prime number. (E) S must be a perfect square.

Re: If n > 2, then the sum, S, of the integers from 1 through n [#permalink]

Show Tags

07 Jan 2014, 23:54

S= n (n+1) /2 , Either n or n+1 , is even & also n > 2, Thus after dividing by 2, S can be shown to be a product of two distinct numbers (not including 1) ----> S can never be prime . So D it is

Re: If n > 2, then the sum, S, of the integers from 1 through n [#permalink]

Show Tags

16 Feb 2014, 09:43

Bunuel wrote:

If n > 2, then the sum, S, of the integers from 1 through n can be calculated by the following formula: S = n(n + 1)/2. Which one of the following statements about S must be true? A. S is always odd. B. S is always even. C. S must be a prime number D. S must not be a prime number E. S must be a perfect square

Notice that we are asked "which of the following MUST be true, not COULD be true. For such kind of questions if you can prove that a statement is NOT true for one particular set of numbers, it will mean that this statement is not always true and hence not a correct answer.

A. S is always odd --> not necessarily true if n=3 then 1+2+3=6=even. B. S is always even --> not necessarily true if n=5 then 1+2+3+4+5=15=odd. C. S must be a prime number --> not true if n=3 then 1+2+3=6=not prime. E. S must be a perfect square --> not necessarily true if n=3 then 1+2+3=6=not a perfect square.

Only choice D is left.

Answer: D.

Does anyone know why can't the sum be a prime number?

So I began trying to understand this. First since all prime numbers greater than 3 are of the form 6k+1 or 6k-1 Now then let's take 1+6k, that means that 2+3+4......+n cannot be a multiple of 6, but i'm trying to figure out why this can't be true?

Re: If n > 2, then the sum, S, of the integers from 1 through n [#permalink]

Show Tags

05 Jul 2015, 19:42

Hello from the GMAT Club BumpBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

Want to see all other topics I dig out? Follow me (click follow button on profile). You will receive a summary of all topics I bump in your profile area as well as via email.
_________________

Best Schools for Young MBA Applicants Deciding when to start applying to business school can be a challenge. Salary increases dramatically after an MBA, but schools tend to prefer...

Marty Cagan is founding partner of the Silicon Valley Product Group, a consulting firm that helps companies with their product strategy. Prior to that he held product roles at...