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# If n is a positive integer, and r is the remainder when

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Re: GMAT PREP (DS)  [#permalink]

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14 Sep 2013, 01:29
Bunuel wrote:
LM wrote:

If n is a positive integer, and r is the remainder when 4 + 7n is divided by 3, what is the value of r?

r is the remainder when 4n+7 is divided by 3 --> $$4+7n=3q+r$$, where $$r$$ is an integer $$0\leq{r}<3$$. $$r=?$$

(1) n+1 is divisible by 3 --> $$n+1=3k$$, or $$n=3k-1$$ --> $$4+7(3k-1)=3q+r$$ --> $$3(7k-1-q)=r$$ --> so $$r$$ is multiple of 3, but it's an integer in the range $$0\leq{r}<3$$. Only multiple of 3 in this range is 0 --> $$r=0$$. Sufficient.

(2) n>20. Clearly not sufficient. $$n=21$$, $$4+7n=151=3q+r$$, $$r=1$$ BUT $$n=22$$, $$4+7n=158=3q+r$$, $$r=2$$. Not sufficient.

P.S. Please post DS questions in DS subforum.

another way of seeing it 4+7n = 3+6n +n+1; 3+6n is divisible by 3; n+1 is divisible by 3; so 4+7n is divisible by three.
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Re: GMAT PREP (DS)  [#permalink]

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11 Nov 2013, 18:02
Bunuel wrote:
LM wrote:

If n is a positive integer, and r is the remainder when 4 + 7n is divided by 3, what is the value of r?

r is the remainder when 4n+7 is divided by 3 --> $$4+7n=3q+r$$, where $$r$$ is an integer $$0\leq{r}<3$$. $$r=?$$

(1) n+1 is divisible by 3 --> $$n+1=3k$$, or $$n=3k-1$$ --> $$4+7(3k-1)=3q+r$$ --> $$3(7k-1-q)=r$$ --> so $$r$$ is multiple of 3, but it's an integer in the range $$0\leq{r}<3$$. Only multiple of 3 in this range is 0 --> $$r=0$$. Sufficient.

(2) n>20. Clearly not sufficient. $$n=21$$, $$4+7n=151=3q+r$$, $$r=1$$ BUT $$n=22$$, $$4+7n=158=3q+r$$, $$r=2$$. Not sufficient.

P.S. Please post DS questions in DS subforum.

I am not sure if it has been asked/discussed before, but can we use the following approach:

re-write 4 + 7n as (3+1) + (6n + 1). now if we divide this by 3 we are left with (1) + (2n +1), which is essentially (2n + 2) ------> 2(n+1)/3 leaves no remainder or in other words 0 - using statement 1 information.

Please correct me if I this approach is incorrect.
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Re: GMAT PREP (DS)  [#permalink]

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12 Nov 2013, 01:03
vaishnogmat wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
LM wrote:

If n is a positive integer, and r is the remainder when 4 + 7n is divided by 3, what is the value of r?

r is the remainder when 4n+7 is divided by 3 --> $$4+7n=3q+r$$, where $$r$$ is an integer $$0\leq{r}<3$$. $$r=?$$

(1) n+1 is divisible by 3 --> $$n+1=3k$$, or $$n=3k-1$$ --> $$4+7(3k-1)=3q+r$$ --> $$3(7k-1-q)=r$$ --> so $$r$$ is multiple of 3, but it's an integer in the range $$0\leq{r}<3$$. Only multiple of 3 in this range is 0 --> $$r=0$$. Sufficient.

(2) n>20. Clearly not sufficient. $$n=21$$, $$4+7n=151=3q+r$$, $$r=1$$ BUT $$n=22$$, $$4+7n=158=3q+r$$, $$r=2$$. Not sufficient.

P.S. Please post DS questions in DS subforum.

I am not sure if it has been asked/discussed before, but can we use the following approach:

re-write 4 + 7n as (3+1) + (6n + 1). now if we divide this by 3 we are left with (1) + (2n +1), which is essentially (2n + 2) ------> 2(n+1)/3 leaves no remainder or in other words 0 - using statement 1 information.

Please correct me if I this approach is incorrect.

4 + 7n = (3+1) + (6n + n) not (3+1) + (6n + 1).

You can solve (1) in another way: $$4 + 7n = 4 + 4n + 3n = 4(n + 1) + 3n$$. First statement says that $$n + 1$$ is is divisible by 3, thus $$4(n + 1) + 3n = (a \ multiple \ of \ 3) + (a \ multiple \ of \ 3)$$. Therefore $$4 + 7n$$ yields the remainder of 0, when divided by 3.

Hope it helps.
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Re: If n is a positive integer, and r is the remainder when  [#permalink]

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09 Apr 2016, 13:36
my approach
4+4n+3n
4+4n is divisible by 3
3n is divisible by 3
so r=0

2 alone can yield multiple answers. so no.
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Re: If n is a positive integer, and r is the remainder when  [#permalink]

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06 Aug 2016, 07:28
1
I had a less algebraic approach, let me know what you think:

$$4+7n$$ can be expressed in numbers where n is positive integer:

$$4+7(1) = 11$$
$$4+7(2) = 18$$

you get the idea.

Statement 1) $$n+1$$ is divisible by 3:

So we should experiment with a few n+1's .... if $$n=2$$, then $$n+1 = 3$$ is divisible by $$3$$.

$$(4+(7*2)) / 3 = 18 / 3 = 6$$ with $$0$$ remainder.

if $$n = 5$$, then $$n+1=6$$ which is divisible by 3.

$$(4+7(5))/3 = 39 / 3 = 13$$ with $$0$$ remainder. So with those 2 I assumed it is sufficient.

Statement 2) is clearly insufficient.

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Re: If n is a positive integer, and r is the remainder when  [#permalink]

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11 Oct 2016, 06:48
Bunuel wrote:
LM wrote:

If n is a positive integer, and r is the remainder when 4 + 7n is divided by 3, what is the value of r?

r is the remainder when 4n+7 is divided by 3 --> $$4+7n=3q+r$$, where $$r$$ is an integer $$0\leq{r}<3$$. $$r=?$$

(1) n+1 is divisible by 3 --> $$n+1=3k$$, or $$n=3k-1$$ --> $$4+7(3k-1)=3q+r$$ --> $$3(7k-1-q)=r$$ --> so $$r$$ is multiple of 3, but it's an integer in the range $$0\leq{r}<3$$. Only multiple of 3 in this range is 0 --> $$r=0$$. Sufficient.

(2) n>20. Clearly not sufficient. $$n=21$$, $$4+7n=151=3q+r$$, $$r=1$$ BUT $$n=22$$, $$4+7n=158=3q+r$$, $$r=2$$. Not sufficient.

P.S. Please post DS questions in DS subforum.

is there any other method to solve this problem?? can we solve it by plugging in numbers?
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Re: If n is a positive integer, and r is the remainder when  [#permalink]

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11 Oct 2016, 08:21
nishantdoshi wrote:
Bunuel wrote:
LM wrote:

If n is a positive integer, and r is the remainder when 4 + 7n is divided by 3, what is the value of r?

r is the remainder when 4n+7 is divided by 3 --> $$4+7n=3q+r$$, where $$r$$ is an integer $$0\leq{r}<3$$. $$r=?$$

(1) n+1 is divisible by 3 --> $$n+1=3k$$, or $$n=3k-1$$ --> $$4+7(3k-1)=3q+r$$ --> $$3(7k-1-q)=r$$ --> so $$r$$ is multiple of 3, but it's an integer in the range $$0\leq{r}<3$$. Only multiple of 3 in this range is 0 --> $$r=0$$. Sufficient.

(2) n>20. Clearly not sufficient. $$n=21$$, $$4+7n=151=3q+r$$, $$r=1$$ BUT $$n=22$$, $$4+7n=158=3q+r$$, $$r=2$$. Not sufficient.

P.S. Please post DS questions in DS subforum.

is there any other method to solve this problem?? can we solve it by plugging in numbers?

I solved it by plugging in the numbers.

Statement 2 is clearly insufficient, so I am not discussing more on that.

Statement 1 : n+1 is divisible by 3. It means n is not going to be a multiple of 3. Also, n will be 1 less than the multiple of 3. Try taking the values of n as 2,5,8,20,23.

In all the cases, we will get the original expression a multiple of 3. or remainder, r = 0; hence A.
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Re: If n is a positive integer, and r is the remainder when  [#permalink]

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30 Jan 2017, 21:58
1) n+1 is a multiple of 3.

If n=2 (we're allowed to pick 2 since 2+1 is a multiple of 3), then (4+14)/3 = 18/3 = 6rem0
If n=5 (we're allowed to pick 5 since 5+1 is a multiple of 3), then (4+35)/3 = 39/3 = 13rem0

at this point you might already be conviced that you'll always get the same answer, but we could try one more just to be safe:

If n=8 (we're allowed to pick 8 since 8+1 is a multiple of 3), then (4+56) = 60/3 = 20rem0

For all 3 plug-ins we get r=0.. sufficient!

2) n > 20

If n=21, then (4+147)/3 = 151/3 = 50rem1
Insuff.

Hence A.
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Re: If n is a positive integer, and r is the remainder when  [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2017, 13:33
"If n is a positive integer and r is the remainder when 4+7n is divided by 3, what is the value of r?"

In other words... find "r" when

$$r ≡ 7n + 4 (mod 3)$$

Which can be simplified to:

$$r ≡ 7n + 1 (mod 3)$$

Right away, we see a pattern:
When $$n = 1, r =2$$.
When $$n = 2, r =0$$.
When $$n = 3, r = 1.$$ ...
And the pattern repeats over and over.

Statement A.)

"n+1 is divisible by 3"

In other words: $$n + 1 ≡ 0 (mod 3)$$

Which is equivalent to... $$n ≡ 2 (mod 3)$$

So since we now know "n," we can plug in its value of "2" for our original congruence...

$$r ≡ 7n + 1 (mod3)$$

$$r ≡ 7*2 + 1 (mod3)$$
$$r ≡ 15 (mod3)$$
$$r ≡ 0(mod3)$$

...and we find that the remainder is ZERO.

SUFFICIENT.

Statement B.)

"n>20"

Remembering our pattern from earlier (When $$n = 1, r =2$$. When $$n = 2, r =0$$. When $$n = 3, r = 1$$......etc)

Statement B is obviously insufficient. At values of "n" greater than 20, the value of "r" continues to cycle $$0,1,2,0,1,2,0,1,2.... etc$$, so we have no idea what "r" is equal to without knowing a specific value for "n" (in mod 3).

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Re: If n is a positive integer, and r is the remainder when  [#permalink]

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22 Sep 2017, 09:46
jordanhendrix wrote:
i think i may have an easier way....
s1) 7n+4 = (6n+3)+(n+1)
if (n+1)/3 = an integer, so must 3 times (n+1)....which is (6n+3)
s2) Obviously NS

or,
given that n+1 is divisible by 3
7n+4 = 7(n+1)-3 and because both 7(n+1) and 3 are divisible by 3, the remainder r = 0.
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Re: If n is a positive integer, and r is the remainder when  [#permalink]

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02 Nov 2018, 01:06
If n is a positive integer and r is the remainder when 4 + 7n is divided by 3, what is the value of r?

(1) n+1 is divisible by 3
(2) n>20.

4 + 7n when divided by 3 leaves remainder 1 + n.

1. This means n leaves remainder 2 with 3. So 1+n will leave remainder 0.
Sufficient.

2. Insufficent.

A.
Re: If n is a positive integer, and r is the remainder when &nbs [#permalink] 02 Nov 2018, 01:06

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