January 20, 2019 January 20, 2019 07:00 AM PST 07:00 AM PST Get personalized insights on how to achieve your Target Quant Score. January 19, 2019 January 19, 2019 07:00 AM PST 09:00 AM PST Aiming to score 760+? Attend this FREE session to learn how to Define your GMAT Strategy, Create your Study Plan and Master the Core Skills to excel on the GMAT.
Author 
Message 
TAGS:

Hide Tags

Math Revolution GMAT Instructor
Joined: 16 Aug 2015
Posts: 6815
GPA: 3.82

If n is an integer, is n(n+2) divisible by 8?
[#permalink]
Show Tags
19 Sep 2018, 01:01
Question Stats:
72% (01:05) correct 28% (01:13) wrong based on 79 sessions
HideShow timer Statistics
[ Math Revolution GMAT math practice question] If \(n\) is an integer, is \(n(n+2)\) divisible by \(8\)? 1) \(n\) is an even number. 2) \(n\) is a multiple of \(4\).
Official Answer and Stats are available only to registered users. Register/ Login.
_________________
MathRevolution: Finish GMAT Quant Section with 10 minutes to spare The oneandonly World’s First Variable Approach for DS and IVY Approach for PS with ease, speed and accuracy. "Only $149 for 3 month Online Course" "Free Resources30 day online access & Diagnostic Test" "Unlimited Access to over 120 free video lessons  try it yourself"



Director
Joined: 18 Jul 2018
Posts: 574
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Marketing
WE: Engineering (Energy and Utilities)

Re: If n is an integer, is n(n+2) divisible by 8?
[#permalink]
Show Tags
19 Sep 2018, 02:06
From statement 1: n is even. The least even number is zero. n=0 n(n+2) = 0. Which is divisible by 8. 1 is sufficient. From statement 2: n is a multiple of 4. The least value of n is 4. n=4 n(n+2) = 8. Which is divisible by 8. 2 is also sufficient. D is the answer.
_________________
If you are not badly hurt, you don't learn. If you don't learn, you don't grow. If you don't grow, you don't live. If you don't live, you don't know your worth. If you don't know your worth, then what's the point?



CEO
Joined: 11 Sep 2015
Posts: 3341
Location: Canada

Re: If n is an integer, is n(n+2) divisible by 8?
[#permalink]
Show Tags
19 Sep 2018, 05:58
MathRevolution wrote: [ Math Revolution GMAT math practice question] If \(n\) is an integer, is \(n(n+2)\) divisible by \(8\)? 1) \(n\) is an even number. 2) \(n\) is a multiple of \(4\). Target question: Is n(n+2) divisible by 8? Statement 1: n is an even number. Let's examine some CONSECUTIVE even numbers: 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18, 20, 22, etc Notice that the numbers increase by 2 with each subsequent value. So, if n is EVEN, then we know that n+2 is also even. Also, notice that for any pair of CONSECUTIVE even integers, one value is divisible by 2 and the other is divisible by 4. That is, for any pair of CONSECUTIVE even integers, one value can be written as (2)(some integer) and the other value can be written as (4)(some integer)In other words, we can write: n(n+2) = (2)(some integer)(4)(some integer)= ( 8)(some integer) This means, n(n+2) IS divisible by 8Since we can answer the target question with certainty, statement 1 is SUFFICIENT Statement 2: n is a multiple of 4This tells is that n is even. So, n and n+2 are CONSECUTIVE even numbers This means we can apply the exact same logic we applied with statement 1 and conclude that n(n+2) IS divisible by 8Since we can answer the target question with certainty, statement 2 is SUFFICIENT Answer: D Cheers, Brent
_________________
Test confidently with gmatprepnow.com



Rice (Jones) Thread Master
Joined: 18 Jun 2018
Posts: 103
Location: United States (AZ)
Concentration: Finance, Healthcare
GPA: 3.86

If n is an integer, is n(n+2) divisible by 8?
[#permalink]
Show Tags
19 Sep 2018, 06:12
Zero is also a multiple of 4. No? Afc0892Afc0892 wrote: From statement 1:
n is even. The least even number is zero. n=0 n(n+2) = 0. Which is divisible by 8. 1 is sufficient.
From statement 2:
n is a multiple of 4. The least value of n is 4. n=4 n(n+2) = 8. Which is divisible by 8. 2 is also sufficient.
D is the answer.



Intern
Joined: 19 Jun 2016
Posts: 19
Location: India
Concentration: Strategy
GPA: 3

Re: If n is an integer, is n(n+2) divisible by 8?
[#permalink]
Show Tags
19 Sep 2018, 08:45
I did not understand. What if n=2, then n(n+2) becomes 0, which is not divisible by 8. Am I missing something here? Thanks.
Posted from my mobile device



Rice (Jones) Thread Master
Joined: 18 Jun 2018
Posts: 103
Location: United States (AZ)
Concentration: Finance, Healthcare
GPA: 3.86

Re: If n is an integer, is n(n+2) divisible by 8?
[#permalink]
Show Tags
19 Sep 2018, 08:48
bharu130 Zero is divisible b 8 since zero is a multiple of all numbers. Hope this helps. Cheers! bharu130 wrote: I did not understand. What if n=2, then n(n+2) becomes 0, which is not divisible by 8. Am I missing something here? Thanks.
Posted from my mobile device Sent from my iPhone using GMAT Club Forum mobile app



Director
Joined: 18 Jul 2018
Posts: 574
Location: India
Concentration: Finance, Marketing
WE: Engineering (Energy and Utilities)

Re: If n is an integer, is n(n+2) divisible by 8?
[#permalink]
Show Tags
19 Sep 2018, 17:20
funsogu wrote: Zero is also a multiple of 4. No? Afc0892Afc0892 wrote: From statement 1:
n is even. The least even number is zero. n=0 n(n+2) = 0. Which is divisible by 8. 1 is sufficient.
From statement 2:
n is a multiple of 4. The least value of n is 4. n=4 n(n+2) = 8. Which is divisible by 8. 2 is also sufficient.
D is the answer. Yes, zero is a multiple of every number. Posted from my mobile device
_________________
If you are not badly hurt, you don't learn. If you don't learn, you don't grow. If you don't grow, you don't live. If you don't live, you don't know your worth. If you don't know your worth, then what's the point?



GMATH Teacher
Status: GMATH founder
Joined: 12 Oct 2010
Posts: 619

Re: If n is an integer, is n(n+2) divisible by 8?
[#permalink]
Show Tags
19 Sep 2018, 17:49
MathRevolution wrote: If \(n\) is an integer, is \(n(n+2)\) divisible by \(8\)?
1) \(n\) is an even number. 2) \(n\) is a multiple of \(4\).
\(n\,\,{\mathop{\rm int}}\) \({{n\left( {n + 2} \right)} \over 8}\,\,\mathop = \limits^? \,\,{\mathop{\rm int}}\) \(\left( 1 \right)\,\,n = 2M,\,\,M\,\,{\mathop{\rm int}}\) \({{n\left( {n + 2} \right)} \over 8} = {{2M \cdot 2 \cdot \left( {M + 1} \right)} \over 8} = {{M\left( {M + 1} \right)} \over 2}\mathop = \limits^{\left( * \right)} \,\,{\mathop{\rm int}} \,\,\,\,\, \Rightarrow \,\,\,\,\,{\rm{SUFF}}.\) (*) The product of two consecutive integers is even (odd*even or even*odd), hence the integer M(M+1) has (at least) one factor 2 in its decomposition... \(\left( 2 \right)\,\,n = 4J\,\,,\,\,J\,\,{\mathop{\rm int}}\) \({{n\left( {n + 2} \right)} \over 8} = {{4J \cdot 2 \cdot \left( {2J + 1} \right)} \over 8} = J \cdot \left( {2J + 1} \right) = {\mathop{\rm int}} \cdot {\mathop{\rm int}} = {\mathop{\rm int}} \,\,\,\,\, \Rightarrow \,\,\,\,\,{\rm{SUFF}}.\) This solution follows the notations and rationale taught in the GMATH method. Regards, fskilnik.
_________________
Fabio Skilnik :: GMATH method creator (Math for the GMAT) Our highlevel "quant" preparation starts here: https://gmath.net



Math Revolution GMAT Instructor
Joined: 16 Aug 2015
Posts: 6815
GPA: 3.82

Re: If n is an integer, is n(n+2) divisible by 8?
[#permalink]
Show Tags
21 Sep 2018, 00:22
=> Forget conventional ways of solving math questions. For DS problems, the VA (Variable Approach) method is the quickest and easiest way to find the answer without actually solving the problem. Remember that equal numbers of variables and independent equations ensure a solution. Since we have \(1\) variable (n) and \(0\) equations, D is most likely to be the answer. So, we should consider each of the conditions on their own first. Condition 1) If \(n\) is an even integer, then \(n\) and \(n + 2\) are two consecutive even integers. Products of two consecutive even integers are multiples of \(8\) since one of them must be a multiple of \(4\), and the other a multiple of \(2\). Condition 1) is sufficient. Condition 2) Since \(n\) is a multiple of \(4, n + 2\) is an even integer. Thus, \(n(n+2)\) is a multiple of \(8\). Condition 2) is sufficient. Therefore, D is the answer. Answer: D If the original condition includes “1 variable”, or “2 variables and 1 equation”, or “3 variables and 2 equations” etc., one more equation is required to answer the question. If each of conditions 1) and 2) provide an additional equation, there is a 59% chance that D is the answer, a 38% chance that A or B is the answer, and a 3% chance that the answer is C or E. Thus, answer D (conditions 1) and 2), when applied separately, are sufficient to answer the question) is most likely, but there may be cases where the answer is A,B,C or E.
_________________
MathRevolution: Finish GMAT Quant Section with 10 minutes to spare The oneandonly World’s First Variable Approach for DS and IVY Approach for PS with ease, speed and accuracy. "Only $149 for 3 month Online Course" "Free Resources30 day online access & Diagnostic Test" "Unlimited Access to over 120 free video lessons  try it yourself"




Re: If n is an integer, is n(n+2) divisible by 8? &nbs
[#permalink]
21 Sep 2018, 00:22






