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# If participation in the honors creative writing class were

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Manager
Status: struggling with GMAT
Joined: 06 Dec 2012
Posts: 163
Concentration: Accounting
GMAT Date: 04-06-2013
GPA: 3.65
If participation in the honors creative writing class were  [#permalink]

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25 Apr 2013, 15:00
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Difficulty:

15% (low)

Question Stats:

82% (01:18) correct 18% (01:29) wrong based on 93 sessions

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If participation in the honors creative writing class were limited to graduate students and those undergraduate students who had received at least a B+ in composition,most of the undergraduate students would be forced to take the regular creative writing class.Such a reduction in undergraduate enrollment would reduce the percentage of failing grades in the honors class.

Which of the following , if true ,would most strengthen the conclusion drawn in the second sentence above?

(A)Graduate students all scored at least B+ in composition
(B)The honors creative writing course is experiencing overcrowding due to increases in graduate enrollment.
(C)Many undergraduates would work harder to score B+ in composition rather than be excluded from honors creative writing
(D)The number of failing grades in honors creative writing has decreased in recent years.
(E)Undergraduates who scored lower than B+ in composition are responsible for a disproportionate percentage of failing grades in honors creative writing.

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Re: If participation in the honors creative writing class were  [#permalink]

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25 Apr 2013, 15:24
1
Premise: A reduction in undergraduate enrollment
Conclusion: the percentage of failing grades in the honors class would reduce.
Assumption: Before a reduction in enrollment, the number of undergraduates failing grades (scored lower than B+) accounted for the large percentage of all applicant.

(A)Graduate students all scored at least B+ in composition

(B)The honors creative writing course is experiencing overcrowding due to increases in graduate enrollment.

(C)Many undergraduates would work harder to score B+ in composition rather than be excluded from honors creative writing
Wrong. Shell game. key word is "excluded from honors" ==> it means those undergraduates were already in honors class. They just work hard to avoid excluding from honors class.

(D)The number of failing grades in honors creative writing has decreased in recent years.
Wrong. Out of scope.

(E)Undergraduates who scored lower than B+ in composition are responsible for a disproportionate percentage of failing grades in honors creative writing.
Correct. This is exactly the assumption above. Before a reduction in enrollment, the number of undergraduates failing grades (scored lower than B+) accounted for the large percentage of all applicant. After the reduction, the number of undergraduates failing grades applies for honors class reduces ==> the percentage of failing grades would reduce.

Hope it helps.
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Re: If participation in the honors creative writing class were  [#permalink]

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25 Apr 2013, 15:24
mun23 wrote:
If participation in the honors creative writing class were limited to graduate students and those undergraduate students who had received at least a B+ in composition,most of the undergraduate students would be forced to take the regular creative writing class.Such a reduction in undergraduate enrollment would reduce the percentage of failing grades in the honors class.

Which of the following , if true ,would most strengthen the conclusion drawn in the second sentence above?

(A)Graduate students all scored at least B+ in composition
(B)The honors creative writing course is experiencing overcrowding due to increases in graduate enrollment.
(C)Many undergraduates would work harder to score B+ in composition rather than be excluded from honors creative writing
(D)The number of failing grades in honors creative writing has decreased in recent years.
(E)Undergraduates who scored lower than B+ in composition are responsible for a disproportionate percentage of failing grades in honors creative writing.

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This is the kind of strenthening question that you can predict fairly accurately. The trick is to identify the conclusion and the evidence, and then find the gap that inevitably exists between them.

Conclusion: Such a reduction in enrollment would reduce the percentage of failing grades in the honors creative writing class
Evidence: (everything else) Participation in the honors creative writing class should be limited to grad students and undergrads with at least a B+ in Composition (pre-requisite course)
What's missing to link them up: The proportion of students currently failing honors creative writing. Ergo, we need to have an answer choice that brings this up, specifically in terms of which group (Grads/Undergrads with B+ or Undergrads with less than B+)

A) Out of Scope, all undergrads are still allowed in
B) Possibly true, but irrelevant to the percentage of undergrads failing honors creative writing
C) Hypothetical that might help future classes. Irrelevant to current debate.
D) Likely true, but not related to whether these are undergrads or not and what their score was in Composition
E) Bingo

A little bit of predicting helps steer clear of tempting choices that do not reconcile the conclusion with the evidence.

Hope this helps!
-Ron
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Re: If participation in the honors creative writing class were &nbs [#permalink] 25 Apr 2013, 15:24
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