Forget conventional ways of solving math questions. In DS, Variable approach is the easiest and quickest way to find the answer without actually solving the problem. Remember equal number of variables and independent equations ensures a solution.

If px = qy, is x/y an integer?

(1) q and p are primes.

(2) Positive integer y is neither composite nor prime

In the original condition, there are 4 variables(pq,x,y) and 1 equations(px=qy), which should match with the number of equations. So you need 3 more equations. For 1) 1 equation, for 2) 1 equation, which is likely to make E the answer. In 1) & 2), from p=q=2, x/y=1, which is yes. From p=5, q=2, x=1, y=2.5, which is no. So it is not sufficient. Therefore, the answer is E.

-> For cases where we need 3 more equations, such as original conditions with “3 variables”, or “4 variables and 1 equation”, or “5 variables and 2 equations”, we have 1 equation each in both 1) and 2). Therefore, there is 80% chance that E is the answer (especially about 90% of 2 by 2 questions where there are more than 3 variables), while C has 15% chance. These two are the majority. In case of common mistake type 3,4, the answer may be from A, B or D but there is only 5% chance. Since E is most likely to be the answer using 1) and 2) separately according to DS definition (It saves us time). Obviously there may be cases where the answer is A, B, C or D.

_________________

MathRevolution: Finish GMAT Quant Section with 10 minutes to spare

The one-and-only World’s First Variable Approach for DS and IVY Approach for PS with ease, speed and accuracy.

Find a 10% off coupon code for GMAT Club members.

“Receive 5 Math Questions & Solutions Daily”

Unlimited Access to over 120 free video lessons - try it yourself

See our Youtube demo