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# If retail stores experience a decrease in revenues during

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Re: If retail stores experience a decrease in revenues during [#permalink]

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08 Oct 2010, 01:20
C

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Re: If retail stores experience a decrease in revenues during [#permalink]

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12 Jan 2011, 07:36
then either attitudes toward extravagant gift-giving have changed or prices have risen beyond the level most people can afford.

Eith X or Y happens.If Y does not happen then X happens.
C says Y does not happen . Then X must happen => A must be true too.
Doesnt anyone agree with me on this
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Re: If retail stores experience a decrease in revenues during [#permalink]

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13 Jan 2011, 23:35
gmatprep09 wrote:
If retail stores experience a decrease in revenues during this holiday season, then either attitudes toward extravagant gift-giving have changed or prices have risen beyond the level most people can afford. If attitudes have changed, then we all have something to celebrate this season. If prices have risen beyond the level most people can afford, then it must be that salaries have not kept pace with rising prices during the past year.

Assume the premises above to be true. If salaries have kept pace with rising prices during the past year, which one of the following must be true?
(A) Attitudes toward extravagant gift-giving have changed.
(B) Retail stores will not experience a decrease in retail sales during this holiday season.
(C) Prices in retail stores have not risen beyond the level that most people can afford during this holiday season.
(D) Attitudes toward extravagant gift-giving have not changed, and stores will not experience a decrease in revenues during this holiday season.
(E) Either attitudes toward extravagant gift-giving have changed or prices have risen beyond the level that most people can afford during this holiday season.

ugh tough question, under time constraint, down to C & A, i had to go with choice (C), which seemed to be more generic than choice (A), based on the stem, where everything goes if...if...if, i didn't feel choice A fitted well for "must be true" answer...

wouldn't mind hearing some experts chime in.

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Re: If retail stores experience a decrease in revenues during [#permalink]

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14 Jan 2011, 05:47
C for me ..

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Re: If retail stores experience a decrease in revenues during [#permalink]

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20 Apr 2011, 12:24
C.

if salaries have kept pace with rising prices during the past year

=> prices have not risen beyond the level most people can afford.

Using If X then Y... if not X then not Y.

(A) Attitudes toward extravagant gift-giving have changed. This can be considered only when retail stores experience a decrease in revenues during this holiday season. There is no mention that it actually happens. This seems to be shell game answer.
(B) Retail stores will not experience a decrease in retail sales during this holiday season.Again it is assuming the same.
(C) Prices in retail stores have not risen beyond the level that most people can afford during this holiday season.
(D) Attitudes toward extravagant gift-giving have not changed, and stores will not experience a decrease in revenues during this holiday season.Same as A. We don't know whether the sales will reduce.
(E) Either attitudes toward extravagant gift-giving have changed or prices have risen beyond the level that most people can afford during this holiday season.This may happen only when revenues are reduced. The argument does not state any reason for it to happen.

Except option C..all other options are nicely manipulated, but all are wrong for simple reason - we really don't know revenues would reduce.
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Re: If retail stores experience a decrease in revenues during [#permalink]

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27 Jun 2012, 03:57
Straight C. If salaries have kept pace with prices, then, per the premise, we can confidently infer that prices will not be beyond the reach of the said consumers.

Cheers,
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Re: If retail stores experience a decrease in revenues during [#permalink]

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19 Feb 2013, 12:36
gmatprep09 wrote:
If retail stores experience a decrease in revenues during this holiday season, then either attitudes toward extravagant gift-giving have changed or prices have risen beyond the level most people can afford. If attitudes have changed, then we all have something to celebrate this season. If prices have risen beyond the level most people can afford, then it must be that salaries have not kept pace with rising prices during the past year.
Assume the premises above to be true. If salaries have kept pace with rising prices during the past year, which one of the following must be true?
(A) Attitudes toward extravagant gift-giving have changed.
(B) Retail stores will not experience a decrease in retail sales during this holiday season.
(C) Prices in retail stores have not risen beyond the level that most people can afford during this holiday season.
(D) Attitudes toward extravagant gift-giving have not changed, and stores will not experience a decrease in revenues during this holiday season.
(E) Either attitudes toward extravagant gift-giving have changed or prices have risen beyond the level that most people can afford during this holiday season.

fameatop wrote:
Can you Kindly explain this question as well.
Fame

In general, the Analytical Reasoning questions from the LSAT are slightly more challenging versions of the GMAT CR questions, and therefore make good practice for GMAT students who want to challenge themselves. This particular question relies a bit too heavily on formal logic --- that's fine for the LSAT, but GMAT students need not wrestle with this much formal logic.

This argument has the following formal design.
First sentence = If M, then N or P
Second sentence = If P, then not Q.

Here,
M = retail stores experience a decrease in revenues during this holiday season
N = attitudes toward extravagant gift-giving have changed
P = prices have risen beyond the level most people can afford
Q = salaries have kept pace with rising prices during the past year

The question stem tells us ---- assume Q. With this, we can use a variant of a classical argument type known as Modus Tollens.

MODUS TOLLENS: Given (If W, then Y) and (not Y), we can conclude (not W).

The argument gives us "If P, then not Q", and the question stem gives us Q, so according to Modus Tollens, we can conclude "not P" --- i.e. "Prices in retail stores have not risen beyond the level that most people can afford during this holiday season." This is precisely what (C) says.

Because we know nothing about the truth or falsehood of M, we can draw no conclusion about N. If we were given both "not P" and M, we could conclude N, but in the absence of information about M, we can conclude nothing about N.

Everything I have said here is well beyond what anyone needs to know for the GMAT. If love this stuff, then forget business school --- take the LSAT and become a lawyer. If you are set on the GMAT and business school, then the last thing you need to know is Modus Tollens.

Mike
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Re: If retail stores experience a decrease in revenues during [#permalink]

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15 Jun 2015, 00:33
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Re: If retail stores experience a decrease in revenues during [#permalink]

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18 Sep 2016, 09:39
Hello from the GMAT Club VerbalBot!

Thanks to another GMAT Club member, I have just discovered this valuable topic, yet it had no discussion for over a year. I am now bumping it up - doing my job. I think you may find it valuable (esp those replies with Kudos).

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Re: If retail stores experience a decrease in revenues during [#permalink]

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19 Sep 2016, 03:44
There is no statement that retail stores experience a decrease in revenues.
So should be D.

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Re: If retail stores experience a decrease in revenues during [#permalink]

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09 Oct 2016, 00:28
i don't quite agree with C cuz C is also in the condition that the sales decreases so there must be 2 variant that varies together
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Re: If retail stores experience a decrease in revenues during [#permalink]

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09 Oct 2016, 00:53
YangYichen wrote:
i don't quite agree with C cuz C is also in the condition that the sales decreases so there must be 2 variant that varies together

If you are aware of the logical deductions concept, you can solve this question In just 30 seconds.

To summarize the concept,

If p, then q means ~q => ~p.

Now, using this approach try solving the question. You will get the answer why C is correct.

If still not clear, let me know. I will try to help you.
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Re: If retail stores experience a decrease in revenues during [#permalink]

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18 Jan 2017, 00:57
If retail stores experience a decrease in revenues during this holiday season, then either attitudes toward extravagant gift-giving have changed or prices have risen beyond the level most people can afford. If attitudes have changed, then we all have something to celebrate this season. If prices have risen beyond the level most people can afford, then it must be that salaries have not kept pace with rising prices during the past year.
Assume the premises above to be true. If salaries have kept pace with rising prices during the past year, which one of the following must be true?
(A) Attitudes toward extravagant gift-giving have changed.
(B) Retail stores will not experience a decrease in retail sales during this holiday season.
(C) Prices in retail stores have not risen beyond the level that most people can afford during this holiday season.
(D) Attitudes toward extravagant gift-giving have not changed, and stores will not experience a decrease in revenues during this holiday season.
(E) Either attitudes toward extravagant gift-giving have changed or prices have risen beyond the level that most people can afford during this holiday season.

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Re: If retail stores experience a decrease in revenues during [#permalink]

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18 Jan 2017, 01:37
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Also consider the fact that this argument is for future sale and talks conditional situation. So at this moment we know that salaries have kept pace with price rise and hence we can comment only on affordability and not on attitudes.

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Re: If retail stores experience a decrease in revenues during [#permalink]

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21 Jan 2017, 20:52
YangYichen wrote:
i don't quite agree with C cuz C is also in the condition that the sales decreases so there must be 2 variant that varies together

Only the last premise given in the passage is required to select C. The other premises do not form a part of the argument, hence the 2 simultaneous variants you mentioned are also not relevant.

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Re: If retail stores experience a decrease in revenues during [#permalink]

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28 Feb 2017, 22:30
the answer must be C however i have a doubt regarding option A can someone explain why we should not go with this as it is mentioned in stimulus that there are either attitude or rise in prices reason for the decline in revenue , or any other reason may cause to decline in revenue that it not mentioned ?

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Re: If retail stores experience a decrease in revenues during [#permalink]

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04 Mar 2017, 12:59
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Expert's post
nks2611 wrote:
the answer must be C however i have a doubt regarding option A can someone explain why we should not go with this as it is mentioned in stimulus that there are either attitude or rise in prices reason for the decline in revenue , or any other reason may cause to decline in revenue that it not mentioned ?

Let,
Z: retail stores experience a decrease in revenues during this holiday season
A: attitudes toward extravagant gift-giving have changed
B: prices have risen beyond the level most people can afford

X: we all have something to celebrate this season
Y: salaries have not kept pace with rising prices during the past year.

The passage states the following:
IF Z, THEN either A OR B.
IF A, THEN X
IF B, THEN Y

Given NOT X.

Now, as per basic logic rules.
IF A, THEN X
implies:
IF NOT X, THEN NOT A. Thus option C is correct.

Nothing can be inferred about B and Y when NOT X is given.

It is not given that Z happens. Thus you cannot say that NOT A also implies that B happens. Hence your argument is wrong.

If the question were as follows then option A could be the correct option:

If retail stores experience a decrease in revenues during this holiday season AND salaries have kept pace with rising prices during the past year, which one of the following must be true?

However the blue part is missing in the question. Thus A is wrong.

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Re: If retail stores experience a decrease in revenues during [#permalink]

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04 Mar 2017, 21:51
thank you ,sayantanc2k
lots of kudos

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Re: If retail stores experience a decrease in revenues during [#permalink]

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13 Sep 2017, 04:32
Dear Experts,
I need your help in this Inference question - I don't have any clue how to approach this question... Regards,
Akash
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Re: If retail stores experience a decrease in revenues during   [#permalink] 13 Sep 2017, 04:32

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