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If S is the sum of the first n positive integers, what is

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If S is the sum of the first n positive integers, what is [#permalink]

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If S is the sum of the first n positive integers, what is the value of n ?

(1) S < 20
(2) S^2 > 220
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Re: Inequalities [#permalink]

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abhi758 wrote:
If S is the sum of the first n positive integers, what is the value of n ?
(1) \(S < 20\)
(2) \(s^2 > 220\)


The sum of the first n positive integers \(S=\frac{n(n+1)}{2}\).

(1) \(S < 20\) --> \(\frac{n(n+1)}{2}< 20\) --> \(n(n+1)<40\) --> \(0<n<6\) (n can 1, 2, 3, 4, 5). Not sufficient

(2) \(S^2 > 220\) --> \((\frac{n(n+1)}{2})^2> 220\) --> \(n(n+1)>\sqrt{880}\) --> \(\sqrt{880}\) is slightly less than 30 --> \(n(n+1)>29\) --> \(n>4\) (n can be 5, 6, 7, ...). Not sufficient.

(1)+(2) Intersection of values of n from (1) and (2) is n=5. Sufficient.

Answer: C.

OR, just write down several values of S. S= 1, 3, 6, 10, 15, 21, 28, ...

(1) \(S < 20\). S=1, 3, 6, 10, 15. Not sufficient

(2) \(S^2 > 220\). S=15, 21, ... Not sufficient.

(1)+(2) Intersection of values of n from (1) and (2) is S=15 --> n=5. Sufficient.

Answer: C.
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Re: Inequalities [#permalink]

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New post 08 May 2010, 12:28
Thanks Bunnel. Very well explained!

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Re: Inequalities [#permalink]

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New post 09 May 2010, 00:32
somehow I have less problem with the math and more with the sufficient /not sufficient concept. But thanks. The more problems I look at the more it makes sense. (still easier to see that with the explanation) :)

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New post 16 May 2010, 13:08
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easy one this time
s<20
so N could be 2 to 5 (N greater than 5 will exceed the limit s<20) this condition alone not sufficient.
statement B - S^2 > 220 N clould be 5,6,7,8 anything equal or greater than 5 hence not sufficient.
combining the two , we get N=5 which is the answer
hence C

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Re: If S is the sum of the first n positive integers, what is [#permalink]

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Re: If S is the sum of the first n positive integers, what is [#permalink]

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abhi758 wrote:
If S is the sum of the first n positive integers, what is the value of n ?

(1) S < 20
(2) S^2 > 220



First n positive intergers: 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7.
Sum of them could be: 3,6,10,15,21

(1) S < 20 -> n could be 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, -> insufficient
(2) S^2 > 220
220 = 11*2*10 = 11*4*5 -> S > square root of 220 = 2 * sqrt(55)
7^2 < 55 < 8^2 -> S > (about) 14

--> C ( S =15)

That is everything on my note in 1 min 20 sec.
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Re: If S is the sum of the first n positive integers, what is [#permalink]

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New post 02 Apr 2016, 22:22
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If S is the sum of the first n positive integers, what is [#permalink]

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New post 16 Dec 2016, 18:34
This is a great Official Question.
Here is what i did in this one =>
WE need the value of n


Statement 1-->
S<20

n=1=>S=1
n=2=>S=3
n=3=>S=6
n=4=>S=10
n=5=>S=15

Hence n can be {1,2,3,4,5}
Not sufficient


Statement 2-->
Here n can take infinite values.
E.g=> n=1000902439380
n=1489312843
etc.
Not sufficient


Combining the two statements-->
S=15 is the only value that would satisfy both the conditions

Hence S=15
n=5

Hence sufficient

Hence C

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If S is the sum of the first n positive integers, what is   [#permalink] 16 Dec 2016, 18:34
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