If Sarah were a concert pianist for a major orchestra, she : GMAT Critical Reasoning (CR)
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# If Sarah were a concert pianist for a major orchestra, she

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Director
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If Sarah were a concert pianist for a major orchestra, she [#permalink]

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13 Jun 2007, 03:32
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If Sarah were a concert pianist for a major orchestra, she would be famous. She is not a concert pianist since she is not famous.
The conclusion above is unsound because the author does not consider that
(A) Sarah could be a famous actress.
(B) Sarah could be a harpist for a major orchestra.
(C) Sarah could be a pianist with a rock group.
(D) Sarah could be a concert pianist with a minor orchestra.
(E) Sarah could be famous for another reason.
If you have any questions
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Manager
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13 Jun 2007, 03:37
that wasa tough one.
I go in for D
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13 Jun 2007, 05:38
(E) the author does not consider that Sarah could be famous for something else (i.e. actor, harpist, whatever...) cheers
Director
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13 Jun 2007, 07:24
Using the cause-effect rule of CR:

X ---> Y can be weaken proving that it is possible: Z ---> Y OR Y ----> X

Director
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13 Jun 2007, 10:20
My choice is B here...
concert pianist for a major orchestra = Famous
So, major orchestra is the prime concern, whereas B states that she could be a harpist
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13 Jun 2007, 14:25
A, C, E are not relevant to the question.

sentence states if sarah were a pianist for major orchestra then she would be famous.

sentence concludes she is not pianist since she is not famous.

to be famous she would have to be with major orchestra.

the sentence does not take into account that she could be a pianist with a minor orchestra.

Director
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13 Jun 2007, 15:43
D is definitely the answer. The last sentence assumes she is not famous and therefore not a concert pianist. However the first sentence uses the word "major". The author fails to realize that she may be a concert pianist in an orchestra that is not major and therefore not famous for that reason.
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13 Jun 2007, 20:41
vshaunak@gmail.com wrote:
If Sarah were a concert pianist for a major orchestra, she would be famous. She is not a concert pianist since she is not famous.
The conclusion above is unsound because the author does not consider that
(A) Sarah could be a famous actress.
(B) Sarah could be a harpist for a major orchestra.
(C) Sarah could be a pianist with a rock group.
(D) Sarah could be a concert pianist with a minor orchestra.
(E) Sarah could be famous for another reason.

(Stmt) If CPM then F.
(Ccsn) Not CP since not F.

The conclusion kind of restates the statement in its contrapositive way: "Not F then Not CPM". Nevertheless, what the conclusion states is not the exact contrapositive, but "Not F then Not CP". Therefore, the conclusion is unsound because what the statement specifically says is "If Sarah were a concert pianist for a major orchestra". That is, the conclusion fails to address that Sarah could be a pianist for another sort of orchestra (minor, for example). It´s D.
Director
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16 Jun 2007, 02:51
Thanks guys. OA is 'D'.
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16 Jun 2007, 20:41
D makes sense to me. E is irrelevant.
16 Jun 2007, 20:41
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