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If the sum of a set of ten different positive prime numbers

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If the sum of a set of ten different positive prime numbers  [#permalink]

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New post Updated on: 23 May 2013, 08:15
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If the sum of a set of ten different positive prime numbers is an even number, which of the following prime numbers CANNOT be in the set?

A. 2
B. 3
C. 5
D. 7
E. 11

Originally posted by grotten on 23 May 2013, 07:33.
Last edited by Bunuel on 23 May 2013, 08:15, edited 1 time in total.
Renamed the topic and edited the question.
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Re: Prime Number  [#permalink]

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New post 23 May 2013, 07:35
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Every prime number except 2 is odd.

If we sum \(10\) odd numbers we get an even number.
If we sum \(9\) odd numbers and \(1\) even number we get an odd number.

Since the sum is even, all primes must be obb => no 2.
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Re: Prime Number  [#permalink]

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New post 23 May 2013, 07:38
The set contains 10 numbers. Divide the 10 numbers in sets of two numbers.
Knowing that Odd+Odd = Even
Then the 5 - 2 number set would be:

(Odd + Odd) + (Odd + Odd) + (Odd + Odd) + (Odd + Odd) + (Odd + Odd) = Even + Even + Even + Even + Even = Even !!
This concludes that every number in the set must be Odd, because Odd + Even = Odd
The only even number is 2.
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Re: If the sum of a set of ten different positive prime numbers  [#permalink]

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New post 14 Dec 2015, 00:31
grotten wrote:
If the sum of a set of ten different positive prime numbers is an even number, which of the following prime numbers CANNOT be in the set?

A. 2
B. 3
C. 5
D. 7
E. 11


All prime numbers apart from 2 are odd.
Even + Even = Even
Odd + Even = Odd
Odd + Odd = Even


We are given ten different prime numbers, whose sum is even
If we include 2, we will have 9 odd prime numbers and one even.
This sum would be odd

If we exclude 2, we will have 10 odd numbers.
This sum would be even

Hence 2 is not included.
Option A
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Re: If the sum of a set of ten different positive prime numbers  [#permalink]

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New post 09 Jan 2018, 09:05
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grotten wrote:
If the sum of a set of ten different positive prime numbers is an even number, which of the following prime numbers CANNOT be in the set?

A. 2
B. 3
C. 5
D. 7
E. 11


Some important rules:
1. ODD +/- ODD = EVEN
2. ODD +/- EVEN = ODD
3. EVEN +/- EVEN = EVEN

4. (ODD)(ODD) = ODD
5. (ODD)(EVEN) = EVEN
6. (EVEN)(EVEN) = EVEN


The key concept here is that 2 is the only EVEN prime number. All other primes are ODD.
Since the set contains 10 different prime numbers , there are only two possible cases:
case 1) 2 is in the set of primes
case 2) 2 is NOT in the set of primes

case 1: If 2 IS in the set, then the set contains 9 ODD primes and 1 EVEN prime
In this case, the sum of the 10 primes will be ODD.
However, the question tells us that the sum is EVEN.
So, it CANNOT be the case that 2 is in the set of numbers.

Answer: A

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Brent
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Re: If the sum of a set of ten different positive prime numbers &nbs [#permalink] 09 Jan 2018, 09:05
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