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If x and y are integers and 12x + 5y^2 = 0. Which of the following mus

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If x and y are integers and 12x + 5y^2 = 0. Which of the following mus  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Feb 2020, 01:33
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If x and y are integers and 12x + 5y^2 = 0. Which of the following must be true?

(A) x is a multiple of 10

(B) x is a multiple of 15

(C) x is a multiple of 25

(D) x is not a multiple of 7

(E) x is negative
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Re: If x and y are integers and 12x + 5y^2 = 0. Which of the following mus  [#permalink]

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New post 07 Feb 2020, 04:57
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\(y^2 = \frac{-12x}{5}\)
as the LHS must be non negative, so x is either (-ve) or zero --> E is incorrect

now, lets simply substitute x with (-10,-15,-25,-7), \(y^2\) will be (24,36,60,fraction)
only when x is substituted with -15, y is an integer --> B
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Re: If x and y are integers and 12x + 5y^2 = 0. Which of the following mus  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Feb 2020, 19:16
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sjuniv32 wrote:
If x and y are integers and 12x + 5y^2 = 0. Which of the following must be true?

(A) x is a multiple of 10

(B) x is a multiple of 15

(C) x is a multiple of 25

(D) x is not a multiple of 7

(E) x is negative


We see that 12x = -5y^2 and therefore, x = -5y^2/12. It’s tempting to conclude that x is negative, and if that were true, then choice E would be the correct answer. However, if y = 0, then x will also be 0, which is not negative. We can eliminate choice E.

Let’s take a closer look at x = -5y^2/12. Since 5 is not divisible by 12 and x is an integer, then y^2 must be divisible by 12. The smallest positive integer value of y such that y^2 is divisible by 12 is y = 6. And if y = 6, x = -5(36)/12 = -15, which is a multiple of 15. (Note: any other integer value of y must be a multiple of 6, so x will still be a multiple of 15.)

Answer: B
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Re: If x and y are integers and 12x + 5y^2 = 0. Which of the following mus  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Feb 2020, 02:43
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Rameshllll wrote:
If X is non negative i.e 0, how can y be an integer

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If x=0 then y=0 and 0 is an integer
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Re: If x and y are integers and 12x + 5y^2 = 0. Which of the following mus  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Feb 2020, 05:47
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sjuniv32 wrote:
If x and y are integers and 12x + 5y^2 = 0. Which of the following must be true?

(A) x is a multiple of 10

(B) x is a multiple of 15

(C) x is a multiple of 25

(D) x is not a multiple of 7

(E) x is negative


12x + 5y^2 = 0 <=> y^2 = (-12x)/5
- We can see that x = y = 0 satisfies the equation. --> Eliminate (E).
- Next, y^2 = (-12x)/5 = [-(2^2).3.x]/5 (factoring 12 into 2^2.3)
--> x's prime factors must include an ODD number of 5 AND include an ODD number of 3's
--> x must be divisible by 15 (x = 0 is also divisible by 15) --> (B)
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Re: If x and y are integers and 12x + 5y^2 = 0. Which of the following mus  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Mar 2020, 06:39
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Raksat wrote:

I had the impression that we should always consider positive multiple or factors in GMAT. I am not talking about mathematics in general but pertaining to GMAT.
If we consider as above then if the question is like
How many factors does 6 have?" The answer would be 8: (-6, -3, -2, -1, 1, 2, 3, 6).

So please clarify the doubt.

Posted from my mobile device


It's not true that we always consider positive multiples or factors in GMAT, there are many examples where one has to consider negative multiples/factors to get the correct answer. On the other hand, questions in GMAT will always clarify whether you need to consider the negative factors or not. For instance, if the question wants you to consider {1, 2, 3, 6} as factors of 6, the question will most likely say "positive factors of 6" instead of just "factors of 6".
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Re: If x and y are integers and 12x + 5y^2 = 0. Which of the following mus  [#permalink]

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New post 08 Feb 2020, 02:25
If X is non negative i.e 0, how can y be an integer

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Re: If x and y are integers and 12x + 5y^2 = 0. Which of the following mus  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Feb 2020, 20:45
sjuniv32 wrote:
If x and y are integers and 12x + 5y^2 = 0. Which of the following must be true?

(A) x is a multiple of 10

(B) x is a multiple of 15

(C) x is a multiple of 25

(D) x is not a multiple of 7

(E) x is negative



Veritas solution to this hard problem: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fxJBwPCEMUA&t=918s
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If x and y are integers and 12x + 5y^2 = 0. Which of the following mus  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Feb 2020, 21:14
ScottTargetTestPrep wrote:
sjuniv32 wrote:
If x and y are integers and 12x + 5y^2 = 0. Which of the following must be true?

(A) x is a multiple of 10

(B) x is a multiple of 15

(C) x is a multiple of 25

(D) x is not a multiple of 7

(E) x is negative


We see that 12x = -5y^2 and therefore, x = -5y^2/12. It’s tempting to conclude that x is negative, and if that were true, then choice E would be the correct answer. However, if y = 0, then x will also be 0, which is not negative. We can eliminate choice E.

Let’s take a closer look at x = -5y^2/12. Since 5 is not divisible by 12 and x is an integer, then y^2 must be divisible by 12. The smallest positive integer value of y such that y^2 is divisible by 12 is y = 6. And if y = 6, x = -5(36)/12 = -15, which is a multiple of 15. (Note: any other integer value of y must be a multiple of 6, so x will still be a multiple of 15.)

Answer: B


I had the impression that we should always consider positive multiple or factors in GMAT. I am not talking about mathematics in general but pertaining to GMAT.
If we consider as above then if the question is like
How many factors does 6 have?" The answer would be 8: (-6, -3, -2, -1, 1, 2, 3, 6).

So please clarify the doubt.

Posted from my mobile device
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Re: If x and y are integers and 12x + 5y^2 = 0. Which of the following mus  [#permalink]

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New post 04 Mar 2020, 07:16
If x and y are integers and 12x + 5y^2 = 0. Which of the following must be true?

(A) x is a multiple of 10

(B) x is a multiple of 15 --> correct

(C) x is a multiple of 25

(D) x is not a multiple of 7

(E) x is negative --> wrong because x >=0 i.e. x is non-positive => so x can be 0 or negetive

Solution:
12x + 5y^2 = 0
=> y^2 = -12x/5 >=0
=> x <=0
y^2 = -2^2 * 3 * x / 5
=> x has to be multiple of 5 because y is an interger,
also x has to be multiple of 3 because right side has to be >= 2^2*3^2
so x = 3*5*n^2, n is an integer i.e x is multiple of 15
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Re: If x and y are integers and 12x + 5y^2 = 0. Which of the following mus   [#permalink] 04 Mar 2020, 07:16

If x and y are integers and 12x + 5y^2 = 0. Which of the following mus

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