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# If x and y are perfect squares, then which one of the

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Intern
Joined: 01 Aug 2011
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If x and y are perfect squares, then which one of the [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2012, 03:48
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77% (00:37) correct 23% (00:50) wrong based on 145 sessions

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If x and y are perfect squares, then which one of the following is not necessarily a perfect square?

A. x^2
B. xy
C. 4x
D. x+y
E. x^5

[Reveal] Spoiler:
Seems like a straight forward problem, however the answer choices are a little confusing .

both D& E seem to be contendors for the right answer though the OA is D

D-> Because the sum of two perfect square needn't necessarily be a perfect square e.g 4+9=13, not a perfect square, however 9 & 16 = 25 which is a perfect square)
E-> Because a perfect square to the power 5 (an ODD number) cannot be a perfect square right ?

Thanks,
Shreya
[Reveal] Spoiler: OA

Kudos [?]: 7 [0], given: 15

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Posts: 822

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Re: If X & Y are perfect squares, then which one of the [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2012, 03:53
X = m^2; m = integer.
Now X^5 = m^10 which is a perfect square (root being m^5).
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Kudos [?]: 437 [0], given: 192

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Joined: 08 Jan 2009
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Kudos [?]: 161 [0], given: 7

GMAT 1: 770 Q50 V46
Re: If X & Y are perfect squares, then which one of the [#permalink]

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05 Jun 2012, 03:57
x = a^2
y = b^2

a) (a^2)^2, ok
b) a^2 * b^2 = (ab)^2, ok
c) 4*a^2 = 2^2*a^2 = (2a)^2, ok
d) a^2 + b^2, clearly not ok for all a/b, e.g a = 8, b = 2, 64 + 4 = 68 which is not a perfect square.
e) (a^2)^5 = (a^5)^2, ok

Kudos [?]: 161 [0], given: 7

Senior Manager
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GPA: 2.5
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Re: If x and y are perfect squares, then which one of the [#permalink]

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23 Apr 2013, 00:09
Option B is not clear to me....
X=a^2
Y=b^2

Therefore X*Y = (ab)^2
But, if x=4 and y=9 , then xy=25
However, if x= 4 and y = 25, then xy = 100 which is not perfect square

So, how can we rule out B?

_________________

"When the going gets tough, the tough gets going!"

Bring ON SOME KUDOS MATES+++

-----------------------------
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Kudos [?]: 282 [0], given: 59

Manager
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Re: If x and y are perfect squares, then which one of the [#permalink]

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23 Apr 2013, 00:31
sdas wrote:
Option B is not clear to me....
X=a^2
Y=b^2

Therefore X*Y = (ab)^2
But, if x=4 and y=9 , then xy=25
However, if x= 4 and y = 25, then xy = 100 which is not perfect square

So, how can we rule out B?

If x=4 and y=9 xy =36 which is a perfect square. and xy=100 is a perfect square. its the square of 10.
for that matter , product of any two perfect squares is a perfect square. as you pointed out (ab)^2. so square root of the product is ab an integer.

4*9 or 9*25 or 16*25

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Verbal Forum Moderator
Joined: 10 Oct 2012
Posts: 627

Kudos [?]: 1384 [0], given: 136

Re: If x and y are perfect squares, then which one of the [#permalink]

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23 Apr 2013, 02:48
sdas wrote:
Option B is not clear to me....
X=a^2
Y=b^2

Therefore X*Y = (ab)^2
But, if x=4 and y=9 , then xy=25
However, if x= 4 and y = 25, then xy = 100 which is not perfect square

So, how can we rule out B?

XY = 36 = 6^2

XY for x=4 and Y = 25 is 100 = 10^2, which is a perfect square.
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Kudos [?]: 1384 [0], given: 136

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Kudos [?]: 132526 [0], given: 12324

Re: If x and y are perfect squares, then which one of the [#permalink]

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23 Apr 2013, 05:06
shreya717 wrote:
If x and y are perfect squares, then which one of the following is not necessarily a perfect square?

A. x^2
B. xy
C. 4x
D. x+y
E. x^5

[Reveal] Spoiler:
Seems like a straight forward problem, however the answer choices are a little confusing .

both D& E seem to be contendors for the right answer though the OA is D

D-> Because the sum of two perfect square needn't necessarily be a perfect square e.g 4+9=13, not a perfect square, however 9 & 16 = 25 which is a perfect square)
E-> Because a perfect square to the power 5 (an ODD number) cannot be a perfect square right ?

Thanks,
Shreya

If x=y=1^2=1, then each option but D is a perfect square, therefore D is NOT necessarily a perfect square.

P.S. Notice that x+y could be a perfect square for example if x=3^2=9 and y=4^2=16 --> x+y=25=5^2.
_________________

Kudos [?]: 132526 [0], given: 12324

Senior Manager
Joined: 23 Mar 2011
Posts: 461

Kudos [?]: 282 [0], given: 59

Location: India
GPA: 2.5
WE: Operations (Hospitality and Tourism)
Re: If x and y are perfect squares, then which one of the [#permalink]

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23 Apr 2013, 07:54
Darn....I forgot perfect square of 10.
_________________

"When the going gets tough, the tough gets going!"

Bring ON SOME KUDOS MATES+++

-----------------------------
Quant Notes consolidated: http://gmatclub.com/forum/consolodited-quant-guides-of-forum-most-helpful-in-preps-151067.html#p1217652

My GMAT journey begins: http://gmatclub.com/forum/my-gmat-journey-begins-122251.html

Kudos [?]: 282 [0], given: 59

Re: If x and y are perfect squares, then which one of the   [#permalink] 23 Apr 2013, 07:54
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# If x and y are perfect squares, then which one of the

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