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# If x and y are positive integers and r is the remainder when (7^(4x+3)

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Joined: 02 Sep 2009
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If x and y are positive integers and r is the remainder when (7^(4x+3)  [#permalink]

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01 Oct 2018, 04:47
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Difficulty:

55% (hard)

Question Stats:

54% (01:10) correct 46% (01:29) wrong based on 74 sessions

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If x and y are positive integers and r is the remainder when $$(7^{4x+3} + y)$$ is divided by 10, what is the value of r ?

(1) x = 10
(2) y = 2

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Re: If x and y are positive integers and r is the remainder when (7^(4x+3)  [#permalink]

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01 Oct 2018, 04:53
Bunuel wrote:
If x and y are positive integers and r is the remainder when $$(7^{4x+3} + y)$$ is divided by 10, what is the value of r ?

(1) x = 10
(2) y = 2

Question: What is the remainder when $$(7^{4x+3} + y)$$ is divided by 10

CONCEPT: When a number is divided by 10 then the remainder will always be the unit digit of the number e.g. 37 divided by 10 leaves remainder 7 and 125 divided by 10 leaves remainder 5

i.e. we need to calculate the unit digit of $$(7^{4x+3} + y)$$

but Unit digit of $$(7^{4x+3})$$ is always same as unit digit of $$7^3$$ because cyclicity of unit digit of 7 is 4 i.e. Unit digit of powers of 7 repeat after every 4 powers

Hence we only need to know the Unit digit of y to answer the question

Statement 1: x = 10

NOT SUFFICIENT

Statement 2: y = 2

SUFFICIENT

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Re: If x and y are positive integers and r is the remainder when (7^(4x+3)  [#permalink]

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15 Oct 2019, 12:38
Bunuel wrote:
If x and y are positive integers and r is the remainder when $$(7^{4x+3} + y)$$ is divided by 10, what is the value of r ?

(1) x = 10
(2) y = 2

Knowing the ciclicity of 7 the problem becomes a cakewalk.

considering consecutive powers of 7 the unit digits will be

9 (7*7)
3 (9*7)
1 (3*7)
7 (1*7)

every time the power of 7 is a multiple of 4 the unit digit will be 1.

The question stems states: 7^(4x+3)
Hence the unit digit of 7 will be always 3.

According to statement 1 we still miss y. Hence insufficient

Statement 2 gives us y and hence it is sufficient

Option B
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If x and y are positive integers and r is the remainder when (7^(4x+3)  [#permalink]

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15 Oct 2019, 14:33
Bunuel wrote:
If x and y are positive integers and r is the remainder when $$(7^{4x+3} + y)$$ is divided by 10, what is the value of r ?

(1) x = 10
(2) y = 2

Analyzing the question:
Finding the remainder when dividing by 10, is the same as finding the units digit of $$(7^{4x+3} + y)$$. Note $$7^4$$ ends in a units digit of 1. So $${(7^4)}^x *7^3$$, has a fixed and known units digit. Another way to understand this is the powers of 7 repeat their last digits in a cycle of 4, so $$7^3$$, $$7^7$$, $$7^{4x + 3}$$ etc have the same last digit. Then in order to find the last digit of $$(7^{4x+3} + y)$$, we are only concerned about y.

Statement 1: Insufficient.
Statement 2: Sufficient.

Ans: B
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If x and y are positive integers and r is the remainder when (7^(4x+3)   [#permalink] 15 Oct 2019, 14:33
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