GMAT Question of the Day - Daily to your Mailbox; hard ones only

 It is currently 23 Feb 2019, 03:46

### GMAT Club Daily Prep

#### Thank you for using the timer - this advanced tool can estimate your performance and suggest more practice questions. We have subscribed you to Daily Prep Questions via email.

Customized
for You

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

Track

every week, we’ll send you an estimated GMAT score based on your performance

Practice
Pays

we will pick new questions that match your level based on your Timer History

## Events & Promotions

###### Events & Promotions in February
PrevNext
SuMoTuWeThFrSa
272829303112
3456789
10111213141516
17181920212223
242526272812
Open Detailed Calendar
• ### Free GMAT RC Webinar

February 23, 2019

February 23, 2019

07:00 AM PST

09:00 AM PST

Learn reading strategies that can help even non-voracious reader to master GMAT RC. Saturday, February 23rd at 7 AM PT
• ### FREE Quant Workshop by e-GMAT!

February 24, 2019

February 24, 2019

07:00 AM PST

09:00 AM PST

Get personalized insights on how to achieve your Target Quant Score.

# If xy=y, |x|+|y|=?

Author Message
TAGS:

### Hide Tags

Math Revolution GMAT Instructor
Joined: 16 Aug 2015
Posts: 6985
GMAT 1: 760 Q51 V42
GPA: 3.82

### Show Tags

05 Oct 2018, 00:36
00:00

Difficulty:

55% (hard)

Question Stats:

61% (01:09) correct 39% (01:16) wrong based on 144 sessions

### HideShow timer Statistics

[Math Revolution GMAT math practice question]

If $$xy=y, |x|+|y|$$=?

$$1) x=-1$$
$$2) y=0$$

_________________

MathRevolution: Finish GMAT Quant Section with 10 minutes to spare
The one-and-only World’s First Variable Approach for DS and IVY Approach for PS with ease, speed and accuracy.
"Only $149 for 3 month Online Course" "Free Resources-30 day online access & Diagnostic Test" "Unlimited Access to over 120 free video lessons - try it yourself" Math Expert Joined: 02 Aug 2009 Posts: 7335 Re: If xy=y, |x|+|y|=? [#permalink] ### Show Tags 05 Oct 2018, 02:15 1 1 If $$xy=y, |x|+|y|$$=? $$xy=y.......xy-y=0.......y(x-1)=0$$, so y=0 or x=1 or both $$1) x=-1$$ So $$x\neq{1}$$, and therefore y=0 Thus |x|+|y|=|-1|+|0|=1 Sufficient $$2) y=0$$ Nothing about x Insuff A _________________ 1) Absolute modulus : http://gmatclub.com/forum/absolute-modulus-a-better-understanding-210849.html#p1622372 2)Combination of similar and dissimilar things : http://gmatclub.com/forum/topic215915.html 3) effects of arithmetic operations : https://gmatclub.com/forum/effects-of-arithmetic-operations-on-fractions-269413.html 4) Base while finding % increase and % decrease : https://gmatclub.com/forum/percentage-increase-decrease-what-should-be-the-denominator-287528.html GMAT Expert GMATH Teacher Status: GMATH founder Joined: 12 Oct 2010 Posts: 772 Re: If xy=y, |x|+|y|=? [#permalink] ### Show Tags 05 Oct 2018, 07:28 MathRevolution wrote: [Math Revolution GMAT math practice question] If $$xy=y, |x|+|y|$$=? $$1) x=-1$$ $$2) y=0$$ $$xy = y\,\,\,\,\,\,\, \Rightarrow \,\,\,\,\,\,y\left( {x - 1} \right) = 0\,\,\,\,\,\,\, \Rightarrow \,\,\,\,\,\left( * \right)\,\,\,\,\,\left\{ \matrix{ \,\,y = 0 \hfill \cr \,\,{\rm{OR}} \hfill \cr \,\,x = 1 \hfill \cr} \right.\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\,$$ $$? = \left| x \right| + \left| y \right|$$ $$\left( 1 \right)\,\,\,x = - 1\,\,\,\,\,\,\mathop \Rightarrow \limits^{\left( * \right)} \,\,\,\,\,y = 0\,\,\,\,\,\, \Rightarrow \,\,\,\,\,\,? = \left| { - 1} \right| + \left| 0 \right|\,\,\,\,\,\,\,\, \Rightarrow \,\,\,\,\,\,\,{\rm{SUFF}}.\,\,\,\,\,\,$$ $$\left( 2 \right)\,\,\,y = 0\,\,\,\,\,\,\left\{ \matrix{ \,{\rm{Take}}\,\,\left( {x,y} \right) = \left( {0,0} \right)\,\,\,\, \Rightarrow \,\,\,{\rm{?}}\,\,{\rm{ = }}\,\,0\,\, \hfill \cr \,{\rm{Take}}\,\,\left( {x,y} \right) = \left( {1,0} \right)\,\,\,\,\, \Rightarrow \,\,\,\,{\rm{?}}\,\,{\rm{ = }}\,\,{\rm{1}}\,\, \hfill \cr} \right.\,$$ This solution follows the notations and rationale taught in the GMATH method. Regards, Fabio. _________________ Fabio Skilnik :: GMATH method creator (Math for the GMAT) Our high-level "quant" preparation starts here: https://gmath.net Math Revolution GMAT Instructor Joined: 16 Aug 2015 Posts: 6985 GMAT 1: 760 Q51 V42 GPA: 3.82 Re: If xy=y, |x|+|y|=? [#permalink] ### Show Tags 07 Oct 2018, 17:35 => Forget conventional ways of solving math questions. For DS problems, the VA (Variable Approach) method is the quickest and easiest way to find the answer without actually solving the problem. Remember that equal numbers of variables and independent equations ensure a solution. The first step of the VA (Variable Approach) method is to modify the original condition and the question. We then recheck the question. Modifying the original condition: The equality $$xy=y$$ is equivalent to $$y = 0$$ or $$x = 1$$ as shown below: $$xy=y$$ $$=> xy-y=0$$ $$=> y(x-1)=0$$ $$=> y = 0$$ or $$x = 1$$ Since we have $$2$$ variables ($$x$$ and $$y$$) and $$1$$ equation ($$xy=y$$), D is most likely to be the answer. Condition 1) Since $$x = -1$$ from condition 1) and $$y = 0$$ or $$x = 1$$ from the original condition, $$y = 0$$. Thus, $$|x| + |y| = |-1| + |0| = 1.$$ Condition 1) is sufficient. Condition 2) If $$x = 1$$ and $$y = 0$$, then $$|x|+|y| = 1$$. If $$x = 2$$ and $$y = 0$$, then $$|x|+|y| = 2$$. Since we don’t have a unique solution, condition 2) is not sufficient. Therefore, A is the answer. Answer: A Normally, in problems which require 2 equations, such as those in which the original conditions include 2 variables, or 3 variables and 1 equation, or 4 variables and 2 equations, each of conditions 1) and 2) provide an additional equation. In these problems, the two key possibilities are that C is the answer (with probability 70%), and E is the answer (with probability 25%). Thus, there is only a 5% chance that A, B or D is the answer. This occurs in common mistake types 3 and 4. Since C (both conditions together are sufficient) is the most likely answer, we save time by first checking whether conditions 1) and 2) are sufficient, when taken together. Obviously, there may be cases in which the answer is A, B, D or E, but if conditions 1) and 2) are NOT sufficient when taken together, the answer must be E. _________________ MathRevolution: Finish GMAT Quant Section with 10 minutes to spare The one-and-only World’s First Variable Approach for DS and IVY Approach for PS with ease, speed and accuracy. "Only$149 for 3 month Online Course"
"Free Resources-30 day online access & Diagnostic Test"
"Unlimited Access to over 120 free video lessons - try it yourself"

Intern
Joined: 14 Jun 2018
Posts: 47
Location: India

### Show Tags

10 Oct 2018, 09:16
chetan2u wrote:
If $$xy=y, |x|+|y|$$=?

$$xy=y.......xy-y=0.......y(x-1)=0$$, so y=0 or x=1 or both

$$1) x=-1$$
So $$x\neq{1}$$, and therefore y=0
Thus |x|+|y|=|-1|+|0|=1
Sufficient

$$2) y=0$$
Insuff

A

why is x not equal to 1 in statement 2. why is it insufficient just because y = 0?

in statement 1, only x =-1 and we take y = 0 from the given. so why not the same in statement 2?

Math Expert
Joined: 02 Aug 2009
Posts: 7335

### Show Tags

10 Oct 2018, 18:01
Shri15kumar wrote:
chetan2u wrote:
If $$xy=y, |x|+|y|$$=?

$$xy=y.......xy-y=0.......y(x-1)=0$$, so y=0 or x=1 or both

$$1) x=-1$$
So $$x\neq{1}$$, and therefore y=0
Thus |x|+|y|=|-1|+|0|=1
Sufficient

$$2) y=0$$
Insuff

A

why is x not equal to 1 in statement 2. why is it insufficient just because y = 0?

in statement 1, only x =-1 and we take y = 0 from the given. so why not the same in statement 2?

Hi..

The equation is y(x-1)=0
So three cases..
1) y=0
2) X=1
3) both y=0 and x=1

Statement I gives value of X as -1 so y HAS to be 0, thus we have value of both X and y
Statement II gives y as 0 so X can be 1 or it can be any other value as y=0 makes equation y(x-1)=0(x-1)=0 true .. here X can be 10 1,100 anything still equation will be true.
Had it been given y is 5 or y is not equal to 0, X would have been 1
_________________

1) Absolute modulus : http://gmatclub.com/forum/absolute-modulus-a-better-understanding-210849.html#p1622372
2)Combination of similar and dissimilar things : http://gmatclub.com/forum/topic215915.html
3) effects of arithmetic operations : https://gmatclub.com/forum/effects-of-arithmetic-operations-on-fractions-269413.html
4) Base while finding % increase and % decrease : https://gmatclub.com/forum/percentage-increase-decrease-what-should-be-the-denominator-287528.html

GMAT Expert

Intern
Joined: 14 Jun 2018
Posts: 47
Location: India

### Show Tags

11 Oct 2018, 02:43
chetan2u wrote:
Shri15kumar wrote:
chetan2u wrote:
If $$xy=y, |x|+|y|$$=?

$$xy=y.......xy-y=0.......y(x-1)=0$$, so y=0 or x=1 or both

$$1) x=-1$$
So $$x\neq{1}$$, and therefore y=0
Thus |x|+|y|=|-1|+|0|=1
Sufficient

$$2) y=0$$
Insuff

A

why is x not equal to 1 in statement 2. why is it insufficient just because y = 0?

in statement 1, only x =-1 and we take y = 0 from the given. so why not the same in statement 2?

Hi..

The equation is y(x-1)=0
So three cases..
1) y=0
2) X=1
3) both y=0 and x=1

Statement I gives value of X as -1 so y HAS to be 0, thus we have value of both X and y
Statement II gives y as 0 so X can be 1 or it can be any other value as y=0 makes equation y(x-1)=0(x-1)=0 true .. here X can be 10 1,100 anything still equation will be true.
Had it been given y is 5 or y is not equal to 0, X would have been 1

Got it! Thank you sir!
Re: If xy=y, |x|+|y|=?   [#permalink] 11 Oct 2018, 02:43
Display posts from previous: Sort by