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In 1578 Moroccan troops defeated a Portuguese army on Moroccan soil...

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In 1578 Moroccan troops defeated a Portuguese army on Moroccan soil...  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Sep 2015, 19:26
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In 1578 Moroccan troops defeated a Portuguese army on Moroccan soil. Accounts written by Portuguese contemporaries report the defeat but omit mention of the fact that King Sebastian of Portugal was killed in the battle. Such omissions cannot simply be the result of ignorance of Sebastian's death. Sebastian's death is not even mentioned in the battle accounts written by two captured Portuguese officers while waiting to be ransomed from a Moroccan prison. These two officers actually shared their cells with the Portuguese soldiers who identified the king's body to Moroccan officials. The omissions therefore had to have had a psychological cause: the Portuguese evidently found Sebastian's death so humiliating that they could not bring themselves to write about it.

The discussion about the two Portuguese officers advances the argument by

(A) supplying indirect evidence that a disputed death actually occurred
(B) resolving an apparent contradiction between two of the argument's main premises
(C) giving evidence supporting a general psychological principle on which the main conclusion is explicitly based
(D) providing groundwork for eliminating an alternative explanation
(E) offering grounds for doubting the reliability of historical reports that conflict with the argument's main conclusion
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In 1578 Moroccan troops defeated a Portuguese army on Moroccan soil...  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Sep 2015, 21:40
In 1578 Moroccan troops defeated a Portuguese army on Moroccan soil.

Accounts report the defeat but omit King Sebastian of Portugal death in the battle.

Such omissions cannot simply be the result of ignorance of Sebastian's death. Sebastian's death is not even mentioned in the battle accounts written by two captured Portuguese officers while waiting to be ransomed from a Moroccan prison. These two officers actually shared their cells with the Portuguese soldiers who identified the king's body to Moroccan officials.

The omissions therefore had to have had a psychological cause: the Portuguese evidently found Sebastian's death so humiliating that they could not bring themselves to write about it.

Just because they shared the cell, he assumes they knew of it and denies other possibilities of them not knowing it.

The discussion about the two Portuguese officers advances the argument by

(A) supplying indirect evidence that a disputed death actually occurred
The death occurred and there is nothing indirect about it.

(B) resolving an apparent contradiction between two of the argument's main premises
There are no two main premises, he says only mentioning of kings death.

(C) giving evidence supporting a general psychological principle on which the main conclusion is explicitly based
(there is no principle and the discussion is nowhere related to it.)

(D) providing groundwork for eliminating an alternative explanation
(This is inline with out prethinking)

(E) offering grounds for doubting the reliability of historical reports that conflict with the argument's main conclusion
The missing kings death is questioned but the reliability of report is not doubted.
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Re: In 1578 Moroccan troops defeated a Portuguese army on Moroccan soil...  [#permalink]

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New post 12 Oct 2018, 06:00
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Re: In 1578 Moroccan troops defeated a Portuguese army on Moroccan soil...   [#permalink] 12 Oct 2018, 06:00
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