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# In 1675, Louis XIV established the Parisian seamstresses

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In 1675, Louis XIV established the Parisian seamstresses [#permalink]

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26 Apr 2005, 06:24
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In 1675, Louis XIV established the Parisian seamstressesâ€™ guild, the first
independent all-female guild created in over 200 years. Guild members could make and sell womenâ€™s and childrenâ€™s clothing, but were prohibited from producing menâ€™s clothing or dresses for court women. Tailors
resented the ascension of seamstresses to guild status; seamstresses, meanwhile, were impatient with the remaining restrictions on their right to clothe women.
The conflict between the guilds was not purely economic, however. A 1675 police report indicated that since so many seamstresses were already working illegally, the tailors were unlikely to suffer additional economic damage because of the seamstressesâ€™ incorporation.
Moreover, guild membership held very different meanings for tailors and seamstresses. To the tailors, their status as guild members overlapped
with their role as heads of household, and entitled them to employ as seamstresses female family members who did not marry outside the trade. The seamstresses, however, viewed guild membership as
a mark of independence from the patriarchal family. Their guild was composed not of family units but of individual women who enjoyed unusual
legal and economic privileges. At the conflictâ€™s center was the issue of whether tailorsâ€™ female relatives should be identified as family members
protected by the tailorsâ€™ guild or as individuals under the jurisdiction of the seamstressesâ€™ guild.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Q1:
The primary purpose of the passage is to

A. outline a scholarly debate over the impact of the Parisian seamstressesâ€™ guild
B. summarize sources of conflict between the newly created Parisian seamstressesâ€™ guild and the tailorsâ€™ guild
C. describe opposing views concerning the origins of the Parisian seamstressesâ€™ guild
D. explore the underlying reasons for establishing an exclusively female guild in seventeenth-century Paris
E. correct a misconception about changes in seamstressesâ€™ economic status that took place in Paris in the late seventeenth century

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Q2:
According to the passage, one source of dissatisfaction for Parisian seamstresses after the establishment of the seamstressesâ€™ guild was that

A. seamstresses were not allowed to make and sell clothing for all women
B. tailors continued to have the exclusive legal right to clothe men
C. seamstresses who were relatives of tailors were prevented from becoming members of the seamstressesâ€™ guild
D. rivalry between individual seamstresses increased, thus hindering their ability to compete with the tailors for business
E. seamstresses were not allowed to accept male tailors as members of the guild

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Q3:
It can be inferred from the passage that which of the following was true of seamstresses employed by relatives who were members of the tailorsâ€™ guild?

A. They were instrumental in convincing Louis XIV to establish the seamstressesâ€™ guild.
B. They were rarely allowed to assist master tailors in the production of menâ€™s clothing.
C. They were considered by some tailors to be a threat to the tailorsâ€™ monopoly.
D. They did not enjoy the same economic and legal privileges that members of the seamstressesâ€™ guild enjoyed.
E. They felt their status as working women gave them a certain degree of independence from the patriarchal family.
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26 Apr 2005, 07:13
B

B

D
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27 Apr 2005, 11:43
B

A

D

2 is A because of this statement from the passage :
seamstresses, meanwhile, were impatient with the remaining restrictions on their right to clothe women.
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27 Apr 2005, 12:20
B,A,D
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28 Apr 2005, 21:04
thanks

OA is B,A,D
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In 1675, Louis XIV established the Parisian seamstresses [#permalink]

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15 Jul 2014, 04:31
chunjuwu wrote:
In 1675, Louis XIV established the Parisian seamstressesâ€™ guild, the first
independent all-female guild created in over 200 years. Guild members could make and sell womenâ€™s and childrenâ€™s clothing, but were prohibited from producing menâ€™s clothing or dresses for court women. Tailors
resented the ascension of seamstresses to guild status; seamstresses, meanwhile, were impatient with the remaining restrictions on their right to clothe women.
The conflict between the guilds was not purely economic, however. A 1675 police report indicated that since so many seamstresses were already working illegally, the tailors were unlikely to suffer additional economic damage because of the seamstressesâ€™ incorporation.
Moreover, guild membership held very different meanings for tailors and seamstresses. To the tailors, their status as guild members overlapped
with their role as heads of household, and entitled them to employ as seamstresses female family members who did not marry outside the trade. The seamstresses, however, viewed guild membership as
a mark of independence from the patriarchal family. Their guild was composed not of family units but of individual women who enjoyed unusual
legal and economic privileges. At the conflictâ€™s center was the issue of whether tailorsâ€™ female relatives should be identified as family members
protected by the tailorsâ€™ guild or as individuals under the jurisdiction of the seamstressesâ€™ guild.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Q1:
The primary purpose of the passage is to

A. outline a scholarly debate over the impact of the Parisian seamstressesâ€™ guild
B. summarize sources of conflict between the newly created Parisian seamstressesâ€™ guild and the tailorsâ€™ guild
C. describe opposing views concerning the origins of the Parisian seamstressesâ€™ guild
D. explore the underlying reasons for establishing an exclusively female guild in seventeenth-century Paris
E. correct a misconception about changes in seamstressesâ€™ economic status that took place in Paris in the late seventeenth century

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Q2:
According to the passage, one source of dissatisfaction for Parisian seamstresses after the establishment of the seamstressesâ€™ guild was that

A. seamstresses were not allowed to make and sell clothing for all women
B. tailors continued to have the exclusive legal right to clothe men
C. seamstresses who were relatives of tailors were prevented from becoming members of the seamstressesâ€™ guild
D. rivalry between individual seamstresses increased, thus hindering their ability to compete with the tailors for business
E. seamstresses were not allowed to accept male tailors as members of the guild

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Q3:
It can be inferred from the passage that which of the following was true of seamstresses employed by relatives who were members of the tailorsâ€™ guild?

A. They were instrumental in convincing Louis XIV to establish the seamstressesâ€™ guild.
B. They were rarely allowed to assist master tailors in the production of menâ€™s clothing.
C. They were considered by some tailors to be a threat to the tailorsâ€™ monopoly.
D. They did not enjoy the same economic and legal privileges that members of the seamstressesâ€™ guild enjoyed.
E. They felt their status as working women gave them a certain degree of independence from the patriarchal family.

Hi,
Can somebody explain the logic behind the right answer for question 3?

regards
Soumya
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In 1675, Louis XIV established the Parisian seamstresses [#permalink]

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16 Jul 2014, 19:42
Soumyasrinivas wrote:
chunjuwu wrote:
In 1675, Louis XIV established the Parisian seamstressesâ€™ guild, the first
independent all-female guild created in over 200 years. Guild members could make and sell womenâ€™s and childrenâ€™s clothing, but were prohibited from producing menâ€™s clothing or dresses for court women. Tailors
resented the ascension of seamstresses to guild status; seamstresses, meanwhile, were impatient with the remaining restrictions on their right to clothe women.
The conflict between the guilds was not purely economic, however. A 1675 police report indicated that since so many seamstresses were already working illegally, the tailors were unlikely to suffer additional economic damage because of the seamstressesâ€™ incorporation.
Moreover, guild membership held very different meanings for tailors and seamstresses. To the tailors, their status as guild members overlapped
with their role as heads of household, and entitled them to employ as seamstresses female family members who did not marry outside the trade. The seamstresses, however, viewed guild membership as
a mark of independence from the patriarchal family. Their guild was composed not of family units but of individual women who enjoyed unusual
legal and economic privileges. At the conflictâ€™s center was the issue of whether tailorsâ€™ female relatives should be identified as family members
protected by the tailorsâ€™ guild or as individuals under the jurisdiction of the seamstressesâ€™ guild.

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Q1:
The primary purpose of the passage is to

A. outline a scholarly debate over the impact of the Parisian seamstressesâ€™ guild
B. summarize sources of conflict between the newly created Parisian seamstressesâ€™ guild and the tailorsâ€™ guild
C. describe opposing views concerning the origins of the Parisian seamstressesâ€™ guild
D. explore the underlying reasons for establishing an exclusively female guild in seventeenth-century Paris
E. correct a misconception about changes in seamstressesâ€™ economic status that took place in Paris in the late seventeenth century

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Q2:
According to the passage, one source of dissatisfaction for Parisian seamstresses after the establishment of the seamstressesâ€™ guild was that

A. seamstresses were not allowed to make and sell clothing for all women
B. tailors continued to have the exclusive legal right to clothe men
C. seamstresses who were relatives of tailors were prevented from becoming members of the seamstressesâ€™ guild
D. rivalry between individual seamstresses increased, thus hindering their ability to compete with the tailors for business
E. seamstresses were not allowed to accept male tailors as members of the guild

--------------------------------------------------------------------------------
Q3:
It can be inferred from the passage that which of the following was true of seamstresses employed by relatives who were members of the tailorsâ€™ guild?

A. They were instrumental in convincing Louis XIV to establish the seamstressesâ€™ guild.
B. They were rarely allowed to assist master tailors in the production of menâ€™s clothing.
C. They were considered by some tailors to be a threat to the tailorsâ€™ monopoly.
D. They did not enjoy the same economic and legal privileges that members of the seamstressesâ€™ guild enjoyed.
E. They felt their status as working women gave them a certain degree of independence from the patriarchal family.

Hi,
Can somebody explain the logic behind the right answer for question 3?

regards
Soumya

Hi Soumya.
The passage says that ''At the conflictâ€™s center was the issue of whether tailorsâ€™ female relatives should be identified as family members
protected by the tailorsâ€™ guild or as individuals under the jurisdiction of the seamstressesâ€™ guild."

This can be considered for not enjoying economic status.there was a doubt that whether they were protected or were individuals..

Also, the other 4 options can be removed by elimination.

A: there is no mention of convincing.
B-passage does not say relatives were for men's clothing
same with c and e no mention of monopoly.
seamstress guild got independence and relatives did not..
relatives after joining the guild might have got independence, but that is not sure.

PS: This is my logic anyone with better logic .please let me know. I am also trying to get better every day..
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Re: In 1675, Louis XIV established the Parisian seamstresses [#permalink]

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15 Mar 2015, 04:54
Difficult passage. Took me 10 minutes.
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Re: In 1675, Louis XIV established the Parisian seamstresses [#permalink]

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24 Mar 2015, 01:32
difficult passage. took 10mins.
it is missing one question out of 4, which is as follows :

The author mentions the seamstresses' view of guild membership as a "mark of independence from the patriarchal family" primarily in order to
A. emphasize that the establishment of the seamstresses' guild had implications that were not solely economic
B. illustrate the conflict that existed between tailors and their female family members over membership in the tailors' guild
C. imply that the establishment of the seamstresses' guild ushered in a period of increased economic and social freedom for women in France
D. provide an explanation for the dramatic increase in the number of women working as seamstresses after 1675
E. indicate that members of the seamstresses' guild were financially more successful than were tailors' female relatives protected by the tailors' guild
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Re: In 1675, Louis XIV established the Parisian seamstresses   [#permalink] 24 Mar 2015, 01:32
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