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In 1923, the Supreme Court declared a minimum wage for women

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Re: In 1923, the Supreme Court declared a minimum wage for women  [#permalink]

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New post 28 Jun 2014, 15:51
pretzel wrote:
Hi Mike,

The idiom "Declared A B" is equivalent to "Consider A B", isn't it? Are there any other words that run along the same lines?

Dear pretzel,
I'm happy to respond. :-) In terms of common words, likely to appear on the GMAT, there are no other words in this pattern. BTW, here are some free GMAT Idiom Flashcards:
https://gmat.magoosh.com/flashcards/idioms
Mike :-)
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Re: In 1923, the Supreme Court declared a minimum wage for women  [#permalink]

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New post 29 Sep 2015, 06:11
daagh wrote:
In 1923, the Supreme Court declared a minimum wage for women and children in the District of Columbia as unconstitutional, and ruling that it was a form of price-fixing, as such, an abridgment of the right of contract.

A) The Supreme Court declared a minimum wage for women and children in the District of Columbia as unconstitutional, and --- and ruling is not parallel to declared

B) the Supreme Court declared as unconstitutional a minimum wage for women and children in the District of Columbia, and—same as in A

C) the Supreme Court declared unconstitutional a minimum wage for women and children in the District of Columbia, ---- a simple sentence, with the Supreme court as the subject , declared as the main verb and ruling as the present participial modifier correct choices

D) a minimum wage for women and children in the District of Columbia was declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court-------- Not withstanding that the clause is in passive voice, the present participial modifier – ruling -- modifies the clause starting with ---a minimum wage -- as if it is the minimum wage that invoked the ruling.

E) when the Supreme Court declared a minimum wage for women and children in the District of Columbia as unconstitutional,--- The main clasue is missing


In terms of meaning, shouldn't it be DECLARE X Y
It conveys a meaning that supreme court created some sort of wages that are unconstitutional. Supreme court created wage..
I think it should be "Supreme court declared minimum wage for women and children unconstitutional in the Distinct of Columbia"

I need your help Daagh...
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Re: In 1923, the Supreme Court declared a minimum wage for women  [#permalink]

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New post 16 Jun 2017, 23:26
Merged topics. Please, search before posting questions!
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Re: In 1923, the Supreme Court declared a minimum wage for women  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Jul 2017, 12:36
The Supreme Court declared a minimum wage for women and children in the District of Columbia as unconstitutional, and[/u] ruling that it was a form of price-fixing and, as such, an abridgment of the right of contract.

(A) the Supreme Court declared a minimum wage for women and children in the District of Columbia as unconstitutional, and

- incorrect idiom, the correct idiom should be "the court declared unconstitutional x..."
- use of and is incorrect as we are not joining two independent clauses


(B) the Supreme Court declared as unconstitutional a minimum wage for women and children in the District of Columbia, and

- incorrect idiom, the correct idiom should be "the court declared unconstitutional x..."
- use of and is incorrect as we are not joining two independent clauses


(C) the Supreme Court declared unconstitutional a minimum wage for women and children in the District of Columbia,

- CORRECT
- Active or Direct Sentence
- and has been removed a


(D) a minimum wage for women and children in the District of Columbia was declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court,

- Passive voice

(E) when the Supreme Court declared a minimum wage for women and children in the District of Columbia as unconstitutional,

- usage of when is incorrect here, it makes the sentence as fragment

Hence, Answer is C

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Re: In 1923, the Supreme Court declared a minimum wage for women  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jul 2017, 05:26
TeHCM wrote:
In 1923, the Supreme Court declared a minimum wage for women and children in the District of Columbia as unconstitutional, and ruling that it was a form of price-fixing and, as such, an abridgment of the right of contract.

(A) the Supreme Court declared a minimum wage for women and children in the District of Columbia as unconstitutional, and
(B) the Supreme Court declared as unconstitutional a minimum wage for women and children in the District of Columbia, and
(C) the Supreme Court declared unconstitutional a minimum wage for women and children in the District of Columbia,
(D) a minimum wage for women and children in the District of Columbia was declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court,
(E) when the Supreme Court declared a minimum wage for women and children in the District of Columbia as unconstitutional,

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daagh , I'm not very convinced with C. Please help? :(
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Re: In 1923, the Supreme Court declared a minimum wage for women  [#permalink]

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New post 19 Jul 2017, 20:58
First, the conjuntion ',and' is used when we have two independent clauses. Hence eliminate A & B

Answer choice E incorrectly uses 'when' denoting that something else happened after the ruling. However, nothing else happened. Eliminate E

Answer choice D modifies the author's intent by using 'a minimum wage for women and children...'. Does this mean other minimum wages still remained? No, hence, eliminate D
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Re: In 1923, the Supreme Court declared a minimum wage for women  [#permalink]

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New post 20 Jul 2017, 06:01
TeHCM wrote:
In 1923, the Supreme Court declared a minimum wage for women and children in the District of Columbia as unconstitutional, and ruling that it was a form of price-fixing and, as such, an abridgment of the right of contract.

(A) the Supreme Court declared a minimum wage for women and children in the District of Columbia as unconstitutional, and
(B) the Supreme Court declared as unconstitutional a minimum wage for women and children in the District of Columbia, and
(C) the Supreme Court declared unconstitutional a minimum wage for women and children in the District of Columbia,
(D) a minimum wage for women and children in the District of Columbia was declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court,
(E) when the Supreme Court declared a minimum wage for women and children in the District of Columbia as unconstitutional,

Official Guide 12 Question

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We don't need 'and' as there aren't 2 separate clauses in the sentence, and there isn't any parallelism either.
A & B are out.
D - The adverbial phrase starting with 'ruling that....' is modifying the action taken by 'the Supreme Court' and not by 'a minimum wage' so this option is wrong. OUT.
E - Same as D. The adverbial phrase makes no sense with 'when the supreme court....'. OUT.

C is the right answer.
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Re: In 1923, the Supreme Court declared a minimum wage for women  [#permalink]

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New post 26 Aug 2017, 05:02
@e-gmat, mikemcgarry, and GMATNinja

If the original sentence was:
In 1923, the supreme court declared a minimum wage for women and children in the district of Columbia as unconstitutional, and ruled that it was a form of price fixing and, as such, an abridgement of the right of contract.


Will it be correct?


Also mikemcgarry in one of your above posts, you mentioned that the correct idiom is Declare X Y, do X and Y have to be parallel?


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Re: In 1923, the Supreme Court declared a minimum wage for women  [#permalink]

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New post 23 Sep 2017, 10:55
"C" is the correct choice - Correct idiom is used, and the modifier is grammatically and logically attached to the main clause.
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Re: In 1923, the Supreme Court declared a minimum wage for women  [#permalink]

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New post 17 Nov 2017, 22:04
As most of the answers above deal with idioms. Let's try to solve this assuming we didn't identify idiom usage in above question.

Understanding the meaning will play a major role. if We have clear understanding of meaning then we can easily solve this question without worrying for idiom

In 1923, the Supreme Court declared a minimum wage for women and children in the District of Columbia as unconstitutional, and ruling that it was a form of price-fabridgement as such, an abridgment of the right of contract.

(A) the Supreme Court declared a minimum wage for women and children in the District of Columbia as unconstitutional, and - usage of AND here is incorrect. And creates a parallel list, Declared and ruling is not parallel.
(B) the Supreme Court declared as unconstitutional a minimum wage for women and children in the District of Columbia, and
1) usage of AND here is incorrect. And creates a parallel list, Declared and ruling are not parallel.
2) Meaning error - Supreme court itself was not declared as unconstitutional
(C) the Supreme Court declared unconstitutional a minimum wage for women and children in the District of Columbia,
Correct answer. We don't have a parallel list here. Ing modifier ruling makes perfect sense to the supreme court.
(D) a minimum wage for women and children in the District of Columbia was declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court,
Ing modifier ruling doesn't make any sense with the subject a minimum wage
(E) when the Supreme Court declared a minimum wage for women and children in the District of Columbia as unconstitutional,
It's not clear what ing modifier ruling is modifying here. When the supreme court declared what happened. That's not clear.

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Re: In 1923, the Supreme Court declared a minimum wage for women  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Mar 2018, 08:40
EducationAisle wrote:
Whenever you spot an and, please make sure the structure following the and is grammatically similar with something preceding the and (for the simple reason that and joins two or more entities).

In A, and B, the structure following the and is: (and) ruling that it was a form of price fixing
But there is nothing preceding the and that is grammatically similar to this structure.

So, A and B would have been better if the non-underlined portion had: ..and ruled.. (and not ..and ruling..), because in that case the portions before and after and would have been grammatically similar: ...the supreme court declared...and ruled...

Reiterating, the structure in A and B: ...the supreme court declared...and ruling... is not a grammatically parallel structure.



The correct answer is C.. I understand what you explained, but that problem still persists in C..How is that a correct answer then?
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In 1923, the Supreme Court declared a minimum wage for women  [#permalink]

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New post 24 Mar 2018, 10:09
Edit: This discussion has retired. Find the new thread HERE

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